Chapter 2 CNA

  1. Exchanging information with others
  2. communication with spoken or written words
    Verbal Communication
  3. Communicating without using spoken or written words
    Non-Verbal Communication
  4. Things you can observe yourself I.e. see, hear, touch, smell
    Objective Information
  5. Something a resident reported themselves
    Subjective Information
  6. the inability to control bladder or bowel movements
  7. phrases used over and over that have no real meaning I.e. "everything will be okay"
  8. behaviors used to release tension/cope with stress
    Defense Mechanisms
  9. learned behaviors passed from one generation to the next
  10. functioning of emotional and intellectual abilities
    Mental Health
  11. affects body's ability to function
    Mental Illness
  12. violent/ hostile behaviors
  13. the way your body works together when you move
    Body Mechanics
  14. the positioning of someone's body
  15. broken bone
  16. confusion about person/ place/ time
  17. Burns caused by hot liquids
  18. injury that rubs off the surface of the skin
  19. mentally alert and having awareness of surroundings
  20. emergency care given to injured person
    First Aid
  21. procedure used when heart/ lungs have stopped working correctly
    Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
  22. when something is blocking the tube through which air enters the lungs
    Obstructed Airway
  23. method of attempting to remove object from airway of choking person
    Abdominal Thrusts (Heimlich Maneuver)
  24. occurs when organs and tissues don't receive adequate blood supply
  25. blue, tinged skin
  26. difficulty breathing
  27. (hypoglycemia) or too much insulin and too little food. I.e. when someone takes insulin and skips a meal
    Insulin Reaction
  28. (hyperglycemia) not having enough insulin. I.e. going without insulin and eating too much.
    Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
  29. when blood supply to the brain is stopped/ blocked, or a blood vessel ruptures inside the brain
    Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA or Stroke)
  30. warning signs of a CVA or stroke. results from lack of oxygen in the brain
    Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
  31. vomiting or ejecting stomach content through mouth or nose
  32. term for methods practiced to prevent/control spread of disease
    Infection Prevention
  33. living thing so small it can only be seen with a mircoscope
  34. another name for mircroorganisms
  35. harmful microorganisms that invade the body and multiply
  36. infection that is limited to one body part or place and pain is usually associated at or around there.
    Localized Infection
  37. infection that affects the entire body by traveling through the bloodstream and spreading
    Systemic Infection
  38. infection acquired in a healthcare facility
    Health Care Associated Infection
  39. way of explaining how disease is transmitted from one being to another
    Chain Of Infection
  40. the microorganisms causing disease I.e. bacteria, virus, fungi, parasites
    Causative Agent
  41. where the pathogen lives and grows I.e. human, animal, plant, soil, substance
  42. body opening that allows the pathogen to leave I.e nose, mouth, eyes, cuts in the skin
    Portal of Exit
  43. how the pathogen travels I.e. the air or direct contact
    Mode of Transmission
  44. touching infected person or bodily secretions
    Direct Contact
  45. touching something that is contaminated with pathogens I.e. dressing, needles, tissue
    Indirect Contact
  46. body opening allowing to enter I.e. nose, eyes, mouth, cuts/ cracks in skin
    Portal of Entry
  47. membranes that line body cavities that open to outside of the body I.e. linings of mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, genitals
    Mucous Membranes
  48. an uninfected person who can get sick
    Susceptible Host
  49. passage of transfer. can be blocked by using proper infection prevention procedures
  50. measures used to reduce the spread of pathogens (I.e. Handwashing)
    Medical Asepsis
  51. (sterile technique) being free of ALL microorganisms and pathogens
    Surgical Asepsis
  52. government agency under the Department of Health and Human Services that issues information to protect the health of individuals and communities
    CentersĀ for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  53. treating everything and everyone as if they were infected
    Standard Precautions
  54. mucus that has been coughed up
  55. needles and other sharp objects
  56. washing with soap and water or an alcohol based hand rub
    Hand Hygiene
  57. destroys, resists, and prevents development of pathogens
  58. helps employees from serious injuries and illnesses from contact with potential hazards
    Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  59. to put on
  60. To remove
  61. care of genitals and anal area
    Perineal Care
  62. broken skin from Abrasions, cuts, rashes, acne, pimples, boils, etc
    Non-Intact Skin
  63. not contaminated by pathogens
  64. anything that could possibly be contaminated by pathogens
  65. cleaning method that destroys microorganisms and pathogens
  66. kills most pathogens to a level considered non-infectious
  67. Discarded after ONE use
  68. Spread by air
  69. Spread by droplets in the air
  70. Spread by direct contact/touch
  71. microorganisms found in human blood
    Bloodborne Pathogens
  72. inflammation of liver caused by alcoholism, antibiotics etc. can cause death.
  73. highly contagious lung disease that is considered air borne
    Tuberculosis (TB)
  74. caused by contact with infected people sometimes abbreviated with "staph"
    Staphylococus Aureus (MRSA)
  75. lives in digestive and genital tracts
    vancomycin resistant enterococcus (VRE)
  76. spore forming bacteria that produces a toxin causing watery diarrhea
    Clostridium Difficile (CDIFF)
Card Set
Chapter 2 CNA