Archaeology - culture

  1. Culture is essential to anthropology, but what is it?

    • symbolic
    • material
    • integrated
    • learned
    • encompassing
    • changing
    • contested
    • adaptive & maladaptive
    • nature
    • shaped
  2. inate biological capacity to learn initial language and culture
    learned by observing, seeing, interacting
    culture is learned
  3. maintained individually and collectively
    culture is shaped
  4. relies on symbols
    We have to symbolically attribute something such as a hand gesture or burials
    culture has meaning bc we interprete _____.
  5. gives life meaning
    governs how we behave
    culture is encompassing
  6. dont exist on their own unrelated to other cultural norms - they are all connected
    culture is integrated
  7. doesnt always do things that are beneficial to humankind. doesnt have to be beneficial. can be detremental and lead to extinction of a culture
    culture is adaptive and maladaptive
  8. always interacting with our environment ex. changing our habitat can be desirable and undesireable. ex. city in the valley
    culture is nature
  9. how culture is negotiatied - usually by majority rules. a process. ex. activism to affect culture change
    culture is contested
  10. always in a state of change
    archaeology works bc _____ changes
    culture changes
  11. we have capacity to make things past and present.
    the way we use objects change
    (cellphones, clothing, cars)
    culture is material
  12. how do humans communicate?
    • haptics/tactics - touch
    • kinetics - gestures/facial expressions
    • proxemics (space)-distance
    • chronemics (time)- the way we conceive time. time is linear, not circular
Card Set
Archaeology - culture