Culture is essential to anthropology, but what is it?
- adaptive & maladaptive
inate biological capacity to learn initial language and culture
learned by observing, seeing, interacting
culture is learned
maintained individually and collectively
culture is shaped
relies on symbols
We have to symbolically attribute something such as a hand gesture or burials
culture has meaning bc we interprete _____.
gives life meaning
governs how we behave
culture is encompassing
dont exist on their own unrelated to other cultural norms - they are all connected
culture is integrated
doesnt always do things that are beneficial to humankind. doesnt have to be beneficial. can be detremental and lead to extinction of a culture
culture is adaptive and maladaptive
always interacting with our environment ex. changing our habitat can be desirable and undesireable. ex. city in the valley
culture is nature
how culture is negotiatied - usually by majority rules. a process. ex. activism to affect culture change
culture is contested
always in a state of change
archaeology works bc _____ changes
we have capacity to make things past and present.
the way we use objects change
(cellphones, clothing, cars)
culture is material
how do humans communicate?
- haptics/tactics - touch
- kinetics - gestures/facial expressions
- proxemics (space)-distance
- chronemics (time)- the way we conceive time. time is linear, not circular