Anatomy Exam 1 Questions

  1. The direction of rotation of a limb is defined by motion of the _______ surface of the limb.
  2. A sagittal section through the forelimb would divide into two parts that are:
    • Medial & Lateral
    • Sagittal plane passes through the head, body, or limb parallel to the median plane.
  3. In a standing dog, the vertebral bodies are _____ to the vertebral arches.
  4. In a dog in right lateral recumbency, the sternum is ______ to the thoracic vertebrae.
  5. The intercapital ligaments lie _____ to the intervertebral discs.
  6. The atlas is ______ to the axis.
  7. A synovial structure often located between a tendon & a portion of bone over which it crosses is a _______.
  8. While viewing a radiograph you notice what appears to be a small fragment of bone in the caudolateral aspect of the stifle.  You remember that this is in reality a normal bone known as a ________ bone.

    Briefly describe the typical locations & function(s) of the general type of bone in the above question.
  9. List the extrinsic muscle of the thoracic limb.
  10. List two ways in which the bones of the fore or hind limb of the cat differ from the dog.
  11. Which of these anatomic structures would appear the most radiolucent when viewing a radiograph of the stifle?
    A. synovial fluid
    B. infrapatellar fat pad
    C. surrounding musculature
    D. femoral condyles
    E. patella
  12. The radiodensity of which of these specific anatomic structures makes it possible to see a clear separation between the muscles of the hind limb?
    A. muscle tendons
    B. the dense connective tissue of intramuscular speta
    C. fat in the fascial planes
    D. subcutaneous fat
    E. overlapping of muscles (summation of density)
  13. Provide the vertebral formula of the dog.
  14. What are two features of the hip that make it more mobile than the stifle?
  15. Which direction does the anconeal process most commonly move relative to the humerus & what is the specific anatomic reason for this?
  16. What are two prominent ligaments clearly present in the canine that are unable to be found in the feline?
  17. What muscles would be left intact in the process of amputating the forelimb?
    A. sternocephalicus
    B. trapezius
    C. omotransversarius
    D. splenius                                        
    E. deep pectoral m.
    F. subscapularis
    G. triceps brachii, long head
    H. brachiocephalicus
  18. Under what circumstances are the abdominal muscles recruited in ventilation in a healthy animal & how do they aid in the movement of air? (Two sentences, tops)
  19. Certain conditions require recruitment of additional muscles to aid ventilation.  In general, how do these additional muscles increase thoracic volume?
  20. List the five general catecories of radiopacity from most radiopaque.
  21. The first & last sternebrae are the ______ & _______, respectively.
  22. T/F
    A laceration & infection of the synovial sheath of the biceps brachii muscle could lead to a more serious joint infection because it communicates directly with the elbow joint capsule.
  23. T/F
    The serratus ventralis plays an important role in supporting the weight of the cranial half of the trunk in a standing quadruped such as a dog.
  24. T/F
    The cutaneous trunci muscle is responsible for twitching the skin & has direct attachments only to the superficial fascia & the skin, not to any part of the skeleton.
  25. T/F
    The anconeal process is normally situated within or adjacent to the radial fossa of the humerus.
  26. T/F
    Elongation of a growing long bone occurs at the diaphysis.
  27. The flexor surface of which of the following joints is on the caudal aspect (or palmar/plantar aspect, as appropriate). Circle the correct answer(s).
    A. elbow
    B. hip
    C. carpus
    D. feline distal interphalangeal joint
    E. canine distal interphalangeal joint
    F. tarsus
    G. stifle
    H. shoulder
  28. T/F
    The femoral triangle contains the sciatic nerve.
  29. T/F
    The external abdominal oblique muscle is the mostimportant driver of respiration.
  30. T/F
    A parasagittal section divides the body into equaldorsal & ventral parts.
  31. T/F
    The popliteal lymph node is situated caudal to thecoxofemoral joint.
  32. T/F
    Muscles which cross the shoulder joint caudal to itsaxis of rotation will cause extension of the shoulder.
  33. T/F
    Muscles which cause abduction of the hindlimb cross the coxofemoral joint lateral to an axis of rotation which runs roughlyparallel to the vertebral column.
Card Set
Anatomy Exam 1 Questions
Questions from previous SA anatomy exams