First New Testament Test

  1. Importance of 587 BCE
    • Nebuchadadnezzar of Babylon destroyed Jerusalem
    • Solomon’s Temple destroyed
    • End of Davidic dynasty
  2. Significance of 539 BCE
    • Conquest of Babylon by Cyrus of Persia
    • Exiles allowed to return
    • Rebuilding of Temple (520-515 BCE)
  3. Importance of Nehemiah and Ezra?
    • Nehemiah (445 BCE) sent by Persians to rebuild walls of Jerusalem and organize Jewish life
    • Ezra arrives around 528 BCE to organize a community guided by the law.
  4. Transformation and life during Babylonian exile
    • end to temple worship and sacrifices
    • God worshipped by traditions kept alive by laws and food traditions that gave a distinctive identity
    • The Torah appeared
  5. Significance of 336-323 BCE
    • Alexander the Great conquered entire easternMediterranean 
    • Persia defeated in 331 BCE
    • Hellenistic era begins
    • Palestinian Jewish community becomes partly Hellenized
  6. Palestine under the Ptolemies
    • Septuagint-Greek translation of the Bible
    • Alexandria new center of intellectual world
    • Judaism generally open to Hellenistic world
  7. Significance of 198 BCE
    Seleucids (Syrian wing) gain control over Palestine
  8. Significance of 175-163 BCE
    • Antiochus IV becomes the Seleucid ruler in Antioch
    • Epiphanes
    • Interfered with high priesthood
    • Promotes Hellanistic culture and customs and outlaws Judaism
  9. 168 BCE
    • Maccabean revolt triggered by forced Hellenization during the reign of Antiochus IV and esp. the erection of an altar to Zeus in the Jewish Temple
    • Led by Priest and 5 sons. Judas Maccabeus the leader
    • In 164 the Temple is recaptured and purified (Hannukah)
  10. Hasmonean Rule
    142-63 BCE
  11. Qumran Community
    • Sectarian monastery-like community at Qumran that opposed the Hasmonean priesthood 
    • 150 BCE-the Right Teacher
    • Conduct life according to laws of Temple purity
Author
nowzem
ID
282874
Card Set
First New Testament Test
Description
time line describing the events that led up to Jesus' appearance
Updated