Musical Appreciation Chp.2 (.2)

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  1. many notes per syllable
  2. direct (no change in the number of performers), responsorial (one answered by many, back and forth), antiphonal (group answered by group, back and forth)
    three kinds of relationships between performers
  3. 1) harmony, proportion, and ration in the universe, 2) there are natural sympathies, strivings, or inclinations in all things, 3) all things in the universe are interrelated, 4) numbers have quality (personality) as well as quantity
    four philosophical precepts of the middle ages
  4. spirit number (trinity, mind-body-soul, triangle, biology (male, female, child)) *three levels of music
  5. earth number (seasons, elements, ages of man, compass, weeks) *four modes of scale systems
  6. sum of spirit and earth numbers (planets, days of the week, heavenly virtues, deadly sins) *seven note names
  7. product of spirit and earth numbers (months of a year, zodiac, tribes of israel, apostles, hours of the day) *12 chromatic half steps
  8. melody set to sacred Latin text, sang without accompaniment; tends to move step by step in a narrow range; conveys a calm, spiritual quality during the middle ages
    gregorian chant
  9. The University of Paris attracted leading scholars and the cathedral of Notre Dame was the supreme monument of Gothic architecture. Two successive choirmasters of Notre Dame, Leonin and Perotin were the first notable composers known by name.
    School of Notre Dame
  10. were part of the school of Notre Dame and used measured rhythm, with definite time values and clearly defined meter.
    Leonin and Perotin
  11. composer during the 12th century, wrote a lot of monophonic sacred songs, was an abbess in Germany
    Hildegard of Bingen
Card Set
Musical Appreciation Chp.2 (.2)
Chp.2 Test
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