Music History Test 1

  1. describe the contributions pythagoras made to the greek understanding of music
    • mathematical understanding of sound wave ratios to ancient Greek society. 
    • strings vibrated at different rates for different intervals: an octave vibrated at 2:1, a
    • perfect fifth at 3:2, a perfect fourth at 4:3, and a whole tone at 9:8.
    • These intervals became the basis for the tetrachord and Greek octave/two-octave scale.
    • Pythagorean tuning consisted of instruments tuned to perfect octaves and perfect fifths
    • rather than thirds and sixths.
    • endured until the Renaissance Era.
  2. compare leonius and perotinus
    • Worked in notre dame school in 12th c
    • Based on a Gradual
    • Lower voice tenor
    • Voice part exchange
  3. leonius wrote
    • Wrote Viderunt omnes
    • Mass for Christmas Day
    • Begins with organum style
    • Wrote magnus
    • liber organi – nearly 100 2-voice organa
    • Settings of gradual&alleluia
    • To make high feasts more splendid
  4. Leonius music characteristics
    • Solo sections = polyphonic
    • Switches back and forth
    • Upper voice duplum
    • Use of rhythmic mode, more articulated rhythms
    • Use of discant – upper and tenor voices move at
    • same rate and have clearly defined rhythms
  5. what did perotinus write
    • Edited the magnus
    • liber organi & Viderunt omnes
  6. Perotinus music characteristics
    • Polyphonic works more complex
    • +triplum and quadruplim
    • Dissonances precede consonances
    • Discant style alternates w/ sections of organal style
    • recipical and interchangeable musical phrases
    • Repeated phrases, restated phrases at dif pitch levels
  7. Guillaume de Machut’s career
    • Last trouvere
    • Composed messe de nostre dame

    • 4 voices spanning 2 octaves
    • cyclic
    • many different rhythms and dissonances
    • 6 mvmts
  8. how is machut's secular music dif from troubadors/trouveres?
    • no pre-existing latin tenor
    • all voices are newly composed
    • includes the ballade, rondeau, and virelai
Card Set
Music History Test 1
Ch 1-12