SOCY 151- Chapter 1
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The systematic study of human society
Sociology's the special point of view that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people
The study of the larger world and our society's place in it
The nations with the highest overall standards of living
Nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
Nations with a low standard of living, in which most people are poor
A scientific approach to knowledge based on "positive" facts as opposed to mere speculation
A statement of how and why specific facts are related
A basic image of society that guides thinking and research
A framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
Any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
The consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole
The recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
The unrecognized and untended consequences of any social pattern
Any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society
A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
The study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between women and men
Gender-Conflict Theory (Feminist Theory)
Support of social equality for women and men
The study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between people of different racial and ethnic categories
A broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole
A close-up focus on social interaction in specific situations
A framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals
The study of society based on scientific observation of social behavior
A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation
Information that we can't verify with our senses
A mental construct that represents some aspect of the world in a simplified form
A concept whose value changes from case to case
A procedure for determining the value of a variable in a specific case
Specifying exactly what is to be measured before assigning a value to a variable
Operationalize a valuable
Consistency in measurement
Actually measuring exactly what you intend to measure
A relationship in which two or more variables change together
A relationship in which change in one variable causes change in another
Cause and Effect
The variable that causes change
The variable that changes
An apparent but false relationship between to variables that is caused by some other variable
Or personal neutrality in conducting research
The study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their social world
The study of society that focuses on the need for social change
The personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male
A systematic plan for doing research
A research method for investigating cause and effect under highly controlled conditions
A statement of possible relationship between two (or more) variables
A research method in which subjects respond to a series of statements or questions on a questionnaire or in an interview
A research method in which investigators systematically observe people while in joining them in their routine activities
A simplified description applied to every person in some category
What did Berger say?
He described "seeing the general in the particular"
Why did durkheim say people committed suicide?
They had too much freedom and not enough social ties
What did durkheim study?
Who coined the term sociology?
Who introduced the approach of positivism and saw sociology as the product of 3 historical stages (theological stage, metaphysical stage, scientific stage)?
What theory did karl marx take part in?
social conflict theory
This man founded the NAACP and was the first to earn his doctorates from harvard
Who came up with symbolic interaction?
Founded the Hull House
What function was orderly and stable?
structural- functional approach
what is the independent variable, more education will lead to a larger income?
SOCY 151- Chapter 1
SOCY 151- Chapter 1