What is the circulators role in medication circulation?
Obtain correct medication
Deliver medication to the sterile field using aseptic technique
Document all medications used from sterile field
What is the scrubs role in medication administration?
Accept medication into the sterile field
Label medication immediately
Pass the medication to surgeon as requested
What are the "Six Rights" of medication administration?
What is a hypersensitivity?
Body reacts with an exaggerated immune system response
What is asepsis?
The state of being free if pathogenic organisms
What is carpule?
A capsule-like vessel containing the local anesthetic solution that is inserted into the syringe in preparation for an injection.
What is diluent?
A substance used to dilute another substance
What are the steps for medication identification?
Circulator reads label
Circulator reads label aloud to scrub
Circulator shows label to scrub
Scrub states medication information aloud
Scrub accepts medication
Scrub labels medication container immediately
What sized syringes are used in surgery?
1mL - 60mL
What are the 3 parts of a syringe?
What are the 2 types of syringes?
Luer-Loc - needle screws on/used in surgery
Plain-tip/Slip-tip - used for IV's and in certain specialty situations
What are 1mL and 3mL syringes used for in surgery?
Inflation of ballon on embolectomy catheter
What is a 5mL syringe used for in surgery?
Inflate balloon on Foley catheter
What is the commonly used syringe in surgery?
Used for inflating cuff on tracheotomy tube
Injection of local anesthetic
What are 30mL syringes used for in surgery?
Inject saline irrigation and contrast media into the common bile duct
Inflate 30mL balloon on a foley catheter
Administer heparinized saline into an arterial irrigation catheter
What are the 3 parts of a hypodermic needle?
Hub - fits onto the syringe
Tip - beveled end of the shaft
What is a lumen?
The hollow space inside the needle
What is an 18-gauge needle used for in surgery?
Draw up medication
What is the most common needle length in surgery?
1 1/2 inches
What sized needles are used in surgery?
27-gauge - 18 gauge