grammatical terms

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  1. antecedent
    word/phrase a pronoun refers to

    ex: Willy said he likes chocolate
  2. clause
    group of words with subject & predicate but not a sentence
  3. ellipsis
    omission of parts of a word/sentence

    Jan was born on . . . Street in Warsaw
  4. modifier
    word/phrase that qualifies/limits another word

    • This is a red ball. 
    • Red qualifies/is modifier of Ball
  5. subject complement
    adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb

    • ex: Brandon is a gifted athlete
    • Brandon becomes embarrassed when people compliment his skill
  6. subordinate clause
    begins with a subordinate conjunction or a relative pronoun and will contain both a subject and a verb

    ex: after, although, as, because
  7. syntax
    rules/patterns of sentences
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grammatical terms
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