1. superfluous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: beyond what is needed or required; excessive, extra, or not necessary
    • SENTENCE: Danny thought that wearing a sweatshirt was superfluous on such a hot day, but little Aria insisted on wearing it because of the pretty frills, and she stayed warm when the night began to get chilly.
    • SYNONYMS: excess, additional, useless
    • ANTONYMS: necessary, needed, indispensable
  2. extraneous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: introduced or coming from without; not belonging to or proper to a thing, as a matter being considered; having no relevance or necessity
    • SENTENCE: Julian cut Hallie off halfway through her explanation of the night's events because she gave so many extraneous details and added a number of silly stories.
    • SYNONYMS: useless, excess,
  3. duplicitous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: involving dishonest talk or behavior, esp. saying two different things to two people; deceptive in words or action
    • SENTENCE: Knowing his sister's duplicitous nature, Marty always double-checked with their parents when she told him something important or questionable, just to make sure she was telling the truth.
    • SYNONYMS: deceitful, dishonest, insidious
    • ANTONYMS: straightforward, frank, honest
  4. profligate
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: carelessly and foolishly wasting money, materials, etc; recklessly prodigal or extravagant
    • SENTENCE: After winning a large cash prize at the national yoyo competition, Tenzin became profligate and spent money on ridiculous things, which soon left him with no money at all.
    • SYNONYMS: extravagant, immoderate, lavish
    • ANTONYMS: economical, thrifty, frugal
  5. epiphany
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A moment of sudden realization and new understanding; an insightful moment into the true nature of something
    • SENTENCE: Daniel had a sudden epiphany about how to make his twin sisters agree, and told them that if they could find a way to get along, he would make them each their favorite dinner.
    • SYNONYMS: discovery, insight, revelation
  6. insidious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: intended to entrap, betray, or beguile; causing harm in a way that is gradual or not easily noticed; stealthily treacherous or deceitful
    • SENTENCE: The insidious disease did begin to cause visible symptoms until 9 months after it had lodged itself in her system.
    • SYNONYMS: cunning, duplicitous, perfidious
    • ANTONYMS: honest, sincere, frank
  7. vacuous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having or showing a lack of intelligence or serious thought; empty or without contents, esp. in reference to a marked lack of ideas, intelligence, meaning, or substance
    • SENTENCE: Yasmeen was the only person in her class to see that Dermit was not actually vacuous and shallow, but rather pretended to think hard or not to know things because he was shy.
    • SYNONYMS: vacant, void, blank
    • ANTONYMS: substantial, filled, full
  8. harbinger
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a person, omen, or sign indicating that something (usually bad) will happen; something that shows what is coming
    • SENTENCE: The present effects of global warming can be seen as a harbinger of coming trouble for humans and animals as the temperature rises worldwide.
    • SYNONYMS: omen, sign, precursor
  9. portent
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: an indication or omen that something (usually important) will happen; prophetic, threatening, or disquieting significance
    • SENTENCE: No one could dismiss the portent of heavy rain and thunderstorms carried by the wind, with clouds heavy on the horizon.
    • SYNONYMS: foretelling, sign, omen, feeling
  10. presage
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: a presentiment or foreboding; an intuition or feeling of what (usually unpleasant) will happen in the future;
    • SENTENCE: Howard has the uncanny ability to presage when the Yankees will lose a game, but only if they lose by four or more runs
    • SYNONYMS: presentiment, omen, herald
  11. beleaguer
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To besiege, harass, or cause constant trouble for, as a person or business; to surround with problems
    • SENTENCE: Danny, Manny, and Fanny beleaguered their poor grandfather for tales of his childhood and experiences in other countries for the entire weekend they spent at his house.
    • SYNONYMS: bother, harass, annoy
    • ANTONYMS: leave alone
  12. burgeon
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To grow or develop rapidly; to blossom, expand, or send forth new growth
    • SENTENCE: As the flowers began to burgeon in the spring, so did Judith's understanding of how things grow in nature.
    • SYNONYMS: bloom, blossom, grow
    • ANTONYMS: shrink, shrivel, wither
  13. imperious
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having or showing the unpleasant attitude of someone who gives orders and expects others to obey them; domineering in an arrogant or haughty manner
    • SENTENCE: The young emperor tried to look powerful and imperious as he faced his officers, his nobles, and his people for the first time as their reigning monarch.
    • SYNONYMS: arrogant, overbearing, presumptuous
    • ANTONYMS: timid, meek, humble
  14. petulant
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: moved to or showing sudden impatience, usually over an unimportant matter; having or showing the attitude of people who become angry and annoyed when they do not get what they want
    • SENTENCE: Christina becomes petulant a the first sign that things might not go her way, which causes people to generally dislike being around her.
    • SYNONYMS: touchy, cranky, crabby
    • ANTONYMS: good-matured, affable, easy-going
  15. complaisant
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: willing or eager to please other people; inclined or disposed to please others, especially by being polite or fitting in with their plans
    • SENTENCE: Diana doesn't like people to be complacent, wanting those around her to have their own ideas and stand up for what they believe in.
    • SYNONYMS: easy-going, good-natured, friendly
    • ANTONYMS: petulant, peevish, irritable
  16. fawn
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: To seek notice or favor by behaving in a servile manner; to show affection in order to curry favor of people in power
    • SENTENCE: Charles would have been happy to fawn over Hannah so that she might put him in charge of his own project, but she assigned him lead on a project before he had time to do anything.
    • SYNONYMS: flatter, gush, praise
  17. obdurate
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: extremely stubborn and determined to act in a particular (usually ill-advised) way, no matter what others say; refusing to do what people want and stubbornly resistant to moral influence
    • SENTENCE: The obdurate king would not listen to any of his advisers and committed his country and people to a war that they could not win, over land they did not care about.
    • SYNONYMS: inflexible, relentless, rigid
    • ANTONYMS: compromising, agreeable, conciliatory
  18. redolent
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having a strong (usually pleasing) smell, esp. one that causes thoughts or memories of something specific; full of (specified) fragrance
    • SENTENCE: The redolent fragrance of a delicious feast floated through the hall, making Malcolm think of the holiday feasts with his large family in his childhood home.
    • SYNONYMS: aromatic, fragrant
  19. chicanery
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: trickery or deception by subterfuge or sophistry; using little quibbles, high-seeming philosophy, or evasive language in order to trick, deceive, or evade
    • SENTENCE: Betty's chicanery succeeded in convincing Marco to give her a raise, but he always remained suspicious of her afterwards.
    • SYNONYMS: artifice, feint, ploy
    • ANTONYMS: honesty, forthrightness, truthfulness
  20. conundrum
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A confusing or difficult problem, esp. whose answer involves a pun or play on words; a dilemma with no easy solution, or that can only be solved in theory
    • SENTENCE: The students were stumped when their teacher asked them to get out their black books, as none of the books they had read were black, but Gabby finally solved the conundrum by pulling out the "roman noir" (black fiction in French) detective story that they had been discussing.
    • SYNONYMS: puzzle, dilemma, enigma
  21. slight
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: A disrespectful or disparaging remark; a pointed and contemptuous discourtesy or affront
    • SENTENCE: Diplomats have to learn a lot about the culture of places they want to visit so that they don't offend the people with whom they are trying to engage in productive conversation by a thoughtless slight.
    • SYNONYMS: insult, snub, slander
    • ANTONYMS: compliment, flattery, praise
  22. capitulate
    • PART OF SPEECH: verb
    • DEFINITION: to stop fighting an enemy or opponent, admitting that they have won; to stop trying to fight or resist something and accept defeat
    • SENTENCE: Kristen had to capitulate after almost seven hours of playing and acknowledge that her husband had won the game of Risk.
    • SYNONYMS: surrender, fold, succumb
    • ANTONYMS: fight, win, overpower
  23. disheartening
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: causing a person or group of people to lose hope, courage, or faith in something; to cause to lose spirits or morale
    • SENTENCE: Jackie felt very proud of herself during her run up Keyser Peak, but when she looked up, the view of the rest of the trail was so intense and disheartening, she almost wanted to stop and turn around.
    • SYNONYMS: bleak, dismal, somber
    • ANTONYMS: comforting, encouraging
  24. apocryphal
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: well known, but probably not true; of doubtful authorship or authenticity
    • SENTENCE: Derrick argued that the stories in the Bible and Quran weren't worth studying in school because they were apocryphal, but his teacher said that a story didn't have to be proven as true to be meaningful and important.
    • SYNONYMS: dubious, spurious, fictitious
    • ANTONYMS: authentic, legitimate, credible
  25. magisterial
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: having the confident quality of one who expects to be obeyed; having or seeming to have complete authority, esp. showing great knowledge about a particular subject
    • SENTENCE: Hernando's magisterial presence convinced both parties arguing for a plot of land that he would handle their case honestly and expertly.
    • SYNONYMS: domineering, imperious, masterful
    • ANTONYMS: timid, meek, powerless
  26. pliable
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: (a thing) easily bent without cracking or breaking; (a person) easily influenced or controlled by others
    • SENTENCE: His inexperience with animals made Xander very willing to be pliable while on a visit to the wildlife reserve, as he didn't want to disturb or anger any dangerous beasts.
    • SYNONYMS: adaptable, elastic, yielding
    • ANTONYMS: hard, rigid, inflexible
  27. plastic
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: capable of being molded or receiving form; easily shaped or influenced by outside forces
    • SENTENCE: Many students poked the mound on Mrs. Bailey's desk when they entered her science class, and it felt hard as a rock, but when she came in and poured water on the mound, it became plastic and malleable.
    • SYNONYMS: impressionable, manageable, adaptable
    • ANTONYMS: rigid, stiff, unchanging
  28. malleable
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: (a thing) capable of being stretched or bent into different shapes; (a person) easily influenced, trained, or controlled, esp. as being made into something new
    • SENTENCE: The philosopher John Locke believed that humans are by nature malleable because they are born as a "tabula rasa," or blank state, and therefore the people and experiences that a person encounters mold his or her character.
    • SYNONYMS: shapeable, waxy, impressionable
    • ANTONYMS: inflexible, rigid, stiff
  29. chagrin
    • PART OF SPEECH: noun
    • DEFINITION: The feeling of frustration, annoyance, or distress caused by humiliation, failure, or embarrassment
    • SENTENCE: Brian discovered to his great chagrin that his cologne, which he thought was subtle and attractive, was driving everyone else away from him.
    • SYNONYMS: distress, dismay, displeasure
  30. obstreperous
    • PART OF SPEECH: adjective
    • DEFINITION: Noisily and stubbornly defiant; resisting control or restraint in a difficult or unruly manner
    • SENTENCE: Hans's children are always obstreperous and impossible to calm down, which means that he has to call many different babysitters to find one that will take care of them.
    • SYNONYMS: unruly, boisterous, rambunctious
    • ANTONYMS: calm, quiet, silenced
Card Set
A tornado flew around my room before you came...