Chapter 16

  1. Isolationism
    A belief that America should not involve itself in the quarrels of Europe and Asia and should pursue a policy of military nonintervention
  2. Internationalism
    A foreign policy perspective that concludes that America’s interests in peace abroad and liberty at home requires its permanent involvement in world affairs
  3. Truman Doctrine
    A policy, proclaimed by President Harry Truman in 1947, in which the United States would oppose the expansion of communism anywhere in the world
  4. Marshall Plan
    A multibillion-dollar American program begun after World War II for the economic rehabilitation of Western Europe
  5. Détente
    A French word meaning “relaxation” that was applied to Soviet-American relations in the early 1970s
  6. Nixon Doctrine
    Proclaimed by President Nixon in 1969, a policy stipulating that the United States will support its allies with economic and military aid but that the allies should provide the bulk of the manpower for their own defense
  7. Department of State
    Responsible for the routine daily functions of foreign policy, the department that represents the United States abroad, is involved in international negotiations, supervises foreign aid and programs, promotes cultural and educational exchange, and makes policy recommendations to the president
  8. United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
    Agency of the State Department that coordinates economic assistance programs
  9. Office of International Information Programs (IIP)
    An agency of the State Department that directs overseas information programs
  10. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Agency, established by the National Security Act of 1947, responsible for gathering information and coordinating foreign intelligence operations in the federal government
  11. Department of Defense (DOD)
    Established by the National Security Act of 1947 and responsible for formulating military policy and maintaining the armed forces
  12. Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)
    Heads of the various armed services and their chair that advise the president and the secretary of defense on important military questions
  13. Multinational Corporations
    Large companies that carry on business in two or more countries simultaneously
  14. Military-Industrial Complex
    The Pentagon, defense contractors, unions in the defense industry, members of Congress whose states or districts receive considerable military funds, and academic strategists whose work is funded by the military
  15. Homeland Security
    The effort of protecting of United States soil, particularly from foreign or terrorist attack
  16. Developing Nations
    Nations whose standard of living lags far behind that of the industrialized states
  17. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
    A specialized agency of the United Nations designed to promote international monetary cooperation
  18. World Bank
    A specialized agency of the United Nations that makes loans to poorer nations for economic development
Card Set
Chapter 16
govt 2350 ch 16 words