ch 8 9 vocab quiz

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  1. Junte
    what is another name for a military dictatorship?
  2. Indian Act
    An act of Parliament passed in 1867 dealing with the governance of reserves and the rights and benefits of registered aboriginal people
  3. reactionary
    the term for someone at the opposite end of the political spectrum from a radical
  4. Christian Rifht
    Term used to describe a coalition of conservative groups in any that liberal democracy that focuses on applying christian beliefs to public policy
  5. Self-interest and Humanitarianism
    One of the two biggest reasons why countries would attempt to impose an ideology, liberalism for example, on other countries?
  6. Foreign Policy
    Term meaning the course of action taken by a country in its relations with other countries
  7. Postive
    A type of freedom which means "freedom of" as in freedom of religion, freedom of expression, freedom of the press.
  8. Mill
    The last name of the political thinker who believed that the support of the majority of the local population would be necessary for the success of any intervention
  9. Judical
    The branch of government whose functions is to interpret the laws and actions of the other branches
  10. Residential
    Mandatory boarding schools for Aboriginal children that had the primary goal of assimilating them into Western cultures and traditions
  11. Propaganda (indoctrination: Brainwashing)
    Force and Terror: Secret Police 
    controlled participation
    One of the four techniques of a dictatorship where the authority controls the media in order to manipulate the people
  12. Veto
    Name for the power whereby the President can refuse to sign into law a bill passed by Congress
  13. WTO
    Acronym for the organization that promotes free trade by reducing tariffs and making concessions and regulations by which government involves itself in commerce
  14. Environmentalism
    a political and ethical ideology that focuses protecting nature and lessening the harmful effects the human activities on the ecosystem
  15. List three Neo-conservative ideas about foreign policy.
  16. Patriotism
    • a large country needs a military to protect its international interests
    • democratic capitalism should be promoted internationally
    • world government is not a good idea
  17. What concept is associate with faith in continual progress?
  18. Neo-conservatives believe that economic growth can be stimulated by cutting what?
  19. Term for an imaginary world
  20. Blue collar
    citizens from the working class are sometimes referred to as this
  21. Dystopia
    term for a negative, pessimistic vision of a future world
  22. Republic
    a political system in which the head of state is a non-hereditary official
  23. Negative
    A type of freedom which means "freedom from" as in freedom from tyranny, fear, hunger, and discrimination
  24. Aboriginals would be given how many of acres land in exchange for giving up his official indian status?
  25. One of two areas of major concern to Aboriginal peoples?
    land claims, self government & non-fulfillment of treaty rights
  26. Constitution
    The legal document in any democracy that outlines the basic rules for government to follow
  27. Enfranchisement
    This basic democratic right was used in an effort to assimilate Aboriginals by having them give up their official indian status
  28. Sovereignty
    A nation's right to make rules and laws for themselves without any kind of outside influence
  29. One of the four techniques where the authority blames minority groups for problems within the country in order to redirect anger away from their policies
    • secret police?
    • Scapegoating
  30. neo-conservatism
    An ideology that emerged in the U.S. in the 1950s and 1960s as a reaction against modern liberal principles favoring instead a return to particular values of classical liberalism
  31. Indigenous peoples were progressively ____ of their lands, resources and culture
  32. What policy describes the wish that aboriginal peoples would give up their own ideology and adopt liberalism?
  33. Aboriginal Rights
    Name for the rights of Native peoples granted because they have inhabited Canada "from time immemorial"
  34. What was the name of the 1969 Trudeau government's proposal to abolish treaties, the Department of Indian Affairs, and everything else that had kept the First Nation and Inuit people distinct from the people of Canada
    White paper
  35. prayer
    one of the beliefs of the Christian Right is that this should be allowed in schools?
  36. Canada's indigenous peoples have at times become assertive and occasionally ___ meaning that they may use violence
  37. non confidence
    the name for a vote the opposition's vote against any government they think is too weak to survive
  38. supreme court
    the final authority in the interpretations of laws in canada and the US
  39. Coalition
    A government composed of two of more political parties which comes about because no one party can gain a majority of seats in the legislative body.
  40. Voter Apathy
    Term for voters who become tired of the political process so don't vote.
  41. Federal
    Any system of government where there are two levels of government, a central government and state or provincial governments
  42. Cacaus
    The elected members of a political party of the private meetings of this group for the purpose of discussing proposed approaches to conducting their political affairs
  43. controlled participation
    One of the four techniques of a dictatorship where the authority makes it seem as if people have a say but really the outcome has been predetermined
  44. Checks and Balances
    A reference to the distribution of governmental powers which allows one branch of government to limit and control the powers of another branch while their powers are similarly restricted.
  45. WTO
    An organization that promotes free trade by reducing tariffs and making concessions and regulations by which government involves itself in commerce
  46. Responsible government
    A type of government where the Prime Minister and cabinet are accountable to the House of Commons
  47. Representative
    Which of the two houses of Congress in the United States is chosen based on representation by population?
  48. Party Discipline
    Term for when party members do not discuss or criticize government actions outside caucus
  49. Senate
    Which of the two houses of Congress in the US is chosen based on equal representation from all states
  50. Referendum
    A direct vote of the people on an issue in which the outcome is legally binding for government
  51. Bicameral
    Term meaning a legislative branch with two houses an upper Senate and lower House of commons for example
  52. Violence
    Political term for when private individuals with a knowledge of government seek benefits for special interest groups
  53. Constituency
    An electoral district or physical area of roughly the same number of voters as any other similar area
  54. First past the post
    Selection of the winning candidate in a riding bu the largest number of votes, not necessarily a majority.
  55. Classical Liberalism
    Ideology which believe that the main function of government is to protect an individual's natural rights such as the rights to life, liberty, and property.
  56. Democratic Capitalism
    What political-economic system do Neo-conservative believe should be promoted internationally?
  57. Freedom of expression
    Freedom of the press, and freedom of association
  58. Universal adult Suffrage
    Term which means the right to vote
  59. Representative
    A democracy where people elect representatives to protect their interests
  60. Plebiscite
    A non-legally binding vote of the people on a specific issues
  61. Prerequisites of democracy
    • regular elections
    • multi-party system 
    • separation of government power
    • free media
    • independent court system 
    • rule of law
    • civil liberties
  62. representation by population
    each elected rep. must represent roughly the same number of people in each constituency
  63. Proportional representation
    people vote for the party that like and when the vote is counted the most popular candidates are given seats. This is more democratic and more accurately represents the way people have voted (e.g/ 40% of the popular vote, 40% of the seats)
  64. One party States
    one party (communist or fascists) dominates the political system, no other parties are legal. They limit dissent.
  65. Tyranny of the Majority
    majority rule may deprive minorities of their rights (e.g. blacks in the US, First Nations in Canada, Jews in Nazi Germany)
  66. indigenous peoples
    people defined in international or national legislation as having a set of specific rights based on their historical ties to a particular territory, and their cultural or historical distinctiveness from other populations that are often politically dominant.
  67. Multi-party political system
    a system in which multiple political parties have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition.
  68. Dictatorship
    absolute authority in any sphere.
  69. Supreme Court
    the highest judicial court in a country or state.
  70. coalition
    an alliance for combined action, especially a temporary alliance of political parties forming a government or of states.
  71. Two-party political system
    wheretwo parties dominate politics but in which third parties can elect members and gain some representation in the legislature, can be traced to the development of political parties in the United Kingdom.
  72. democracy
    a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
  73. federal system of government
    system of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units (such as states or provinces).
  74. Unitary system of government
    is a state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that their central governmentchooses to delegate.
  75. patronage appointments
    political patronage on a low level and when not entangled in financial means is not inherently unseemly. in the US, the US constitution provides the president with the power to appoint individuals to government positions
  76. radical
    extreme, revolutionary. A radical change in a political regime often rejects the political and economic traditions of the past.
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ch 8 9 vocab quiz
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