Combined Daily Vocab Week 3

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  1. acumen
    • noun: keen, accurate judgement or insight
    • John’s business acumen, along with his computer skills, made him an asset to the software company.
  2. adulterate
    • verb: to reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients
    • If you want to adulterate your alcoholic drink, you should add some water to it.
  3. amalgamate
    • verb: to combine several elements into a whole
    • noun form: amalgamation
    • Sometimes he would amalgamate the contents of a couple of baskets.
  4. archaic
    • adj: outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive, time
    • Because my archaic computer is no longer useful to me, I am giving it away for free.
  5. aver
    • verb: to state as a fact; to declare or assert
    • Many scientists aver to the contrary but science is not decided by consensus.
  6. bolster
    • verb: to provide support or reinforcement
    • In science, one should always be extremely skeptical of claims which bolster the ideology of the person making the claim.
  7. bombastic
    • adj: pompous; grandiloquent
    • noun form: bombast
    • You are correct that my analogy was a little too bombastic.
  8. diatribe
    • noun: a harsh denunciation
    • This diatribe is so unrelentingly negative that it loses all power to persuade.
  9. dissemble
    • verb: to disguise or conceal; to mislead
    • The need to keep it positive, even if it's not, puts stress on the spouse who must dissemble.
  10. eccentric
    • adj: departing from norms or conventions
    • It would be easy to dismiss him as a lovable, eccentric old hippie.
  11. endemic
    • adj: characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people
    • there are no endemic native rodent species there.
  12. evanescent
    • adj: tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
    • Elusive and evanescent, the rainbow has generated wonder and speculation.
  13. exacerbate
    • verb: to make worse or more severe
    • Worse, the hurricane could well exacerbate the tensions that lurk in the city.
  14. fervent
    • adj: greatly emotional or zealous
    • noun form: fervor
    • These moments can cause irrational acts or imprint fervent memories on a wanton brain.
  15. fortuitous
    • adj: happening by accident or chance
    • It was an extremely fortuitous find, because the odds of mummification are slim, researchers noted.
  16. philanthropy
    • n.tendency or action for the benefit of others, as in donating money or property to a charitible organization
    • An example of philanthropy is giving money to charity and volunteering.
    • The family's philanthropy made it possible to build the public library.
  17. phlegmatic
    • adj.not easily excited; cool; sluggish
    • An example of a phlegmatic person is someone who remains cool and collected during emergencies.
    • a strangely phlegmatic response to what should have been happy news
  18. placate
    • calm or reduce anger by making concessions:
    • "The professor tried to placate his students by postponing the exam."
  19. germane
    • adj: relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
    • So an amendment to an amendment must be germane to the latter.
  20. grandiloquence
    • noun: pompous speech or expression
    • adj form: grandiloquent
    • Voters are not really expected to pay attention to the grandiloquence.
  21. hackneyed
    • adj: rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
    • There was a lot of truth in this reply, however hackneyed.
  22. halcyon
    • adj: calm and peaceful
    • Despite the years since their halcyon youth, they made brave efforts to dance.
  23. hedonism
    • noun: devotion to pleasurable pursuits, esp. to the pleasures of the senses 
    • (a hedonist is someone who pursues pleasure)
    • He's not the only college student willing to trade hedonism for altruism on spring break.
  24. hegemony
    • noun: the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
    • It wasn't easy being a jazz fan at the height of rock's hegemony in pop music.
  25. iconoclast
    • noun: one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
    • The successful entrepreneur is an iconoclast who is not afraid to introduce something new to the market.
  26. idolatrous
    • adj: given to intense or excessive devotion to something
    • noun form: idolatry
    • Pele in idolatrous times was the dreaded goddess of Kilauea.
  27. impassive
    • adj: revealing no emotion
    • He searched Death's impassive features.
  28. imperturbable
    • adj: marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness
    • Some people are incurable contrarians or imperturbable logicians.
  29. implacable
    • adj: not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
    • The little boy was implacable when his parents left him alone with the babysitter.
  30. impunity
    • noun: immunity from punishment or penalty
    • In exchange for her testimony, the accomplice received impunity from prosecution.
  31. inchoate
    • adj: in an initial stage; not fully formed
    • Because our company just recently opened its doors, we are inchoate and are not offering all of our services yet.
  32. infelicitous
    • adj: unfortunate; inappropriate
    • The question for this debate is at best infelicitous and at worse misleading.
  33. insipid
    • adj: without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
    • the soup was rather insipid
  34. plastic
    • adj.related to being shaped or molded; capable of being molded. (n: plasticity n: plastic)
    • An example of something plastic is Play-Doh modeling compound.
    • there's usually a plastic cordiality at these corporate events
  35. plethora
    • n.excessively large quantity; overabundance:
    • "We received a plethora of applications for the position."
  36. ponderous
    • adj.heavy; massive; awkward; dull:
    • "A ponderous book is better than a sleeping pill."
  37. loquacious
    • adj: extremely talkative
    • noun form: loquacity
    • After drinking four beers, my normally quiet wife becomes quite loquacious.
  38. luminous
    • adj: characterized by brightness and the emission of light
    • In the hands of the hero, the magic sword glowed in a luminous manner.
  39. malevolent
    • adj: having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
    • noun form: malevolence
    • How malevolent of you to wish that I was dead!
  40. malleable
    • adj: capable of being shaped or formed; tractable; pliable
    • Unfortunately, most teenagers are malleable and give in to peer pressure rather easily.
  41. mendacity
    • noun: the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
    • adj form: medacious
    • You can always tell a con man by his mendacity and desire to trick you out of your money.
  42. meticulous
    • adj: characterized by extreme care and precision; attentive to detail
    • This accounting job requires a meticulous person.
  43. misanthrope
    • noun: one who hates all other humans
    • adj form: misanthropic
    • The old man was a misanthrope who surrounded his entire yard with barbed wire to keep his neighbors at bay.
  44. mitigate
    • verb: to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
    • The doctor gave me a prescription to mitigate the pain.
  45. obdurate
    • adj: unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
    • With his obdurate personality and intense dislike for people, Jonathan had all the makings of a professional killer.
  46. obsequious
    • adj: exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
    • The princess had obsequious servants who showered her with attention.
  47. occlude
    • verb: to obstruct or block
    • The police officers have blocked off the road to occlude the bomb from the public.
  48. opprobrium
    • noun: disgrace; contempt; scorn
    • The celebrity chef earned opprobrium when she made a racial slur in front of the media.
  49. pedagogy
    • noun: the profession or principles of teaching, or instructing
    • The school boasts the most progressive pedagogy and a 100% graduation rate.
  50. pedantic
    • adj: overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education; show-offish about one's knowledge
    • Sometimes, Jason is so pedantic in writing the perfect paper that he forgets to properly manage his time.
  51. penury
    • noun: poverty; destitution
    • Many people in third world countries live in penury and misery.
  52. pragmatic
    • adj.concerned with facts; practical, as opposed to highly principled or traditional:
    • "His pragmatic approach often offended idealists."
    • (n: pragmatism)
  53. precipice
    • n.cliff with a vertical or nearly vertical face; a dangerous place from which one is likely to fall; metaphorically, a very risky circumstance
    • An example of a precipice is the edge of a cliff.
    • He stood on the edge of the precipice.
  54. precipitate
    • v., fall; to fall downward suddenly and dramatically; to bring about or hasten the occurrence of something:
    • "Old World diseases precipitated a massive decline in the American Indian population."
  55. pervasive
    • adj: having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
    • So the concept of brand loyalty is very pervasive out there.
  56. pine
    • verb: to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor
    • Some of us pine for that car that folds up into a suitcase.
  57. pirate
    • verb: to illegally use or reproduce
    • None of those practices have eliminated underground pirate networks on many campuses.
  58. pith
    • noun: the essential or central part
    • Remove as much of the white membrane or pith as possible.
  59. pithy
    • adj: precise and brief
    • Here's a particularly pithy commentary about printers.
  60. placate
    • verb: to appease; to calm by making concessions
    • There was no case, it was just a show to placate those who were mad.
  61. platitude
    • noun: a superficial remark, esp. one offered as meaningful
    • These were platitudes dressed up as epiphanies to suit the populist mood.
  62. plummet
    • verb: to plunge or drop straight down
    • Overfishing has caused fish populations and catches to plummet.
  63. polemical
    • adj: controversial; argumentative
    • To have an impact, a polemical argument must be precise and persuasive.
  64. prodigal
    • adj: recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
    • They left others to gather up the flowers which they scattered with a prodigal hand.
  65. profuse
    • adj: given or coming forth abundantly; extravagant
    • Although it's not a profuse display, half the meteors leave glowing trails.
  66. proliferate
    • verb: to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
    • As companies work their way down the income pyramid, the problems proliferate.
  67. queries
    • noun: questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
    • Search engines also engage in predictive text to figure out what queries users might type in.
  68. querulous
    • adj: prone to complaining or grumbling; peevish
    • Adrift in a clueless no-man's-land, I felt my moods range from querulous to despondent.
  69. rancorous
    • adj: obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
    • It is an astonishingly rancorous and controversial debate, with far-reaching implications.
  70. precursor
    • n.something (or someone) that precedes another:
    • "The assasination of the Archduke was a precursor to the war."
  71. prevaricate
    • stray away from or evade the truth:
    • "When we asked him what his intentions were, he prevaricated."(n: prevarication; prevaricator)
  72. prodigal
    • adj.rashly wasteful:
    • "Americans' prodigal devotion to the automobile is unique."
  73. repudiate
    • verb: to refuse to have anything to do with; to disown
    • Before me now is plaintiff's motion to repudiate the settlement agreement.
  74. rescind
    • verb: to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
    • However, years later, your country decided to rescind this law so that dual citizenship became possible.
  75. reverent
    • adj: marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect
    • noun form: reverence
    • The proposed inscriptions for the monument must be reverent, tasteful, and pay respectful tribute to the deceased.
  76. rhetoric
    • noun: the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
    • He has all the proper sentiments, and his rhetoric and rimes are easy work for him.
  77. salubrious
    • adj: promoting health or well-being
    • The environment was more salubrious, with nutritious food available from their crops and cows.
  78. solvent
    • adj: able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
    • The idea that keeping a particular individual's firm solvent should be in the national interest may sound odd.
  79. specious
    • adj: seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive; plausible but false
    • His arguments and specious comparisons are bogus and not worth seriously entertaining, in my humble opinion.
  80. spurious
    • adj: lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
    • The quote may be spurious, but it contains a grain of truth.
  81. subpoena
    • noun: a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
    • He used his subpoena power to put people on the stand for day after day.
  82. succinct
    • brief; concise
    • The inscription that inspired me was succinct and to the point.
  83. superfluous
    • adj: exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
    • In a climate where clothes are superfluous, this is how you dress up for special occasions.
  84. surfeit
    • verb: an overabundant supply; excess; to feed or supply to excess
    • Instead, the technology-driven surfeit of modern information has made the need for clarity and concision more acute.
  85. tenacity
    • noun: the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued; persistent determination
    • adj form: tenacious
    • Jake’s tenacity allowed him to excel in college while working two jobs.
  86. tenuous
    • adj: having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
    • Because the evidence against her is tenuous, the accused murderer will be released from jail on bail.
  87. tirade
    • noun: a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation
    • Because Carrie is normally a laidback person, she shocked everyone with her tirade.
  88. transient
    • adj: fleeting; passing quickly; brief
    • The snow is transient and will melt as soon as the sun appears.
  89. zealous
    • adj: fervent; ardent; impassioned, devoted to a cause
    • (a zealot is a zealous person)
    • The zealous detective searched for the killer for over twenty years.
  90. propitiate
    • conciliate; to appease:
    • "They made sacrifices to propitiate angry gods."
  91. Pulchritudinous
    • adj.beautiful (n: pulchritude)
    • A person who is very beautiful would be described as pulchritudinous.
  92. pusillanimous
    • adj.cowardly, timid, or irreselute; petty:
    • "The pusillanimous leader soon lost the respect of his people."
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Combined Daily Vocab Week 3
Combined Daily Vocab Week 3
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