List the 7 specific purposes.
- Learn what it means to be a citizen of Canada
- Develop awareness of Canada's global interconnectedness
- Understand the diversity and range of human experiences
- Enrich cultural literacy
- Help deal with complex social and political problems
- Understand how the discipline of history is constructed
- Refine reneral competencies and skills
Identify the 4 characteristics of essential questions.
- May lead to more questions rather than clear-cut answers
- Are open-ended - does not have one correct answer or may have no correct answers
- Cannot be answered with a "yes" or "no" or even with one single sentence
- Are thought provoking, requiring you to make choices, decisions, and judgements that can be supported by evidence or criteria
Identify the 6 historical thinking strategies.
- Establishing historical significance
- Using primary-source evidence
- Identifying continuity and change
- Analysing cause and consequences
- taking a historical perspective
- Considering the ethical dimensions
Identify 5 sources of evidence used to explain the origin of the First People.
- Oral Tradition
From a European perspective, why was it important to form relationships with First Nations people? Identify 4 reasons.
- To trade with the First Nations
- To use the resources of the land
- First Nations understood the land and knew the geography
- First Nations developed trade routes and effective modes of transportation
Identify 5 characteristics of pre-industrial society.
- Population was largey rural
- Most merchants dealt in trade
- Most industry involved only a few people (except shipbuilding)
- Most people were self-employed
- Wage earners were not recognized as a distinct group
Identify the tasks of N.W.M.P. (5)
- Protected First Nations from further American attack and gain their confidence
- Assist in treaty negotiations
- Shut down the illegal outposts set up by American whisky traders
- Patrol the border
- Maintain law and order throughout the vast North-West Territories
What were the goals fo Macdonald's National Policy in 1878? (3)
- To encourage nationwide economic growth
- To create communication and transportation links across the country
- Protect the West from annexation by the United States
Identify 4 ways Prime Minister Macdonald expected the railway to transform Canada?
- Creating employment
- Facilitating trade between the eastern and western regions
- Transporting immigrant settlers across the West
- Uniting the country from sea to sea with a shared identity
What had changed by the end of the 19th century to improve the chances of a successful immigration policy? (3)
- The economic depression ended
- Wheat prices rose- new technologies made crop production more efficient
- America had been settle so it no longer competed for immigrants
What push factors motivated the Ukrainians to emigrate? (3)
- high taxes
- many citizens lived as indentured workers (enslaved to landowners)
- military service was compulsory for young men
What push factors motivated the Jewish people to emigrate?
What was the social and cultural impact of this period of immigration? (5)
- Canada became more multiethnic and multicultural
- Created towns that reflected the settlers' heritage
- Political and cultural views became more diverse
- The dominant English Protestants expected newcomers to assimilate
- Formed institutions such as schools and newspapers along ethnic ties
Identify 4 changes that occur on the farms of the post-Confederation period.
- Crops were ready to move quickly over great distances
- Machines made industries such as dairying possible
- Improvements in transportation made farm life less isolated
- Farm life became easier (ex. iron stoves, coal lamps)
Why were the harsh conditions of the working class allowed to exist? (5)
- Society valued the results of the industries and industrialists
- there was an abundance of cheap labour
- Much of the work force was immigrants
- There was no united force of labour
- It was the era of laissez-faire capitalism
Identify 5 ways in which the Winnipeg General Strike was historically significant?
- With 27 000 workers off the job virtually all city government services were interrupted
- It was met with a hard line resistance from Winnipeg's business elite
- It received international attention as newspapers spread fears of a violent communist revolution
- The strike spread to other communities which led to a response from the federal government
- Some workers became more politically radical