History 30s - Final Exam (Point Answers)

  1. List the 7 specific purposes.
    • Learn what it means to be a citizen of Canada
    • Develop awareness of Canada's global interconnectedness
    • Understand the diversity and range of human experiences
    • Enrich cultural literacy
    • Help deal with complex social and political problems
    • Understand how the discipline of history is constructed
    • Refine reneral competencies and skills
  2. Identify the 4 characteristics of essential questions.
    • May lead to more questions rather than clear-cut answers
    • Are open-ended - does not have one correct answer or may have no correct answers
    • Cannot be answered with a "yes" or "no" or even with one single sentence
    • Are thought provoking, requiring you to make choices, decisions, and judgements that can be supported by evidence or criteria
  3. Identify the 6 historical thinking strategies.
    • Establishing historical significance
    • Using primary-source evidence
    • Identifying continuity and change
    • Analysing cause and consequences
    • taking a historical perspective
    • Considering the ethical dimensions
  4. Identify 5 sources of evidence used to explain the origin of the First People.
    • Archaeology¬†
    • Anthropology
    • Linguistics
    • Genetics
    • Oral Tradition
  5. From a European perspective, why was it important to form relationships with First Nations people? Identify 4 reasons.
    • To trade with the First Nations
    • To use the resources of the land
    • First Nations understood the land and knew the geography
    • First Nations developed trade routes and effective modes of transportation
  6. Identify 5 characteristics of pre-industrial society.
    • Population was largey rural
    • Most merchants dealt in trade
    • Most industry involved only a few people (except shipbuilding)
    • Most people were self-employed
    • Wage earners were not recognized as a distinct group
  7. Identify the tasks of N.W.M.P. (5)
    • Protected First Nations from further American attack and gain their confidence
    • Assist in treaty negotiations
    • Shut down the illegal outposts set up by American whisky traders
    • Patrol the border
    • Maintain law and order throughout the vast North-West Territories
  8. What were the goals fo Macdonald's National Policy in 1878? (3)
    • To encourage nationwide economic growth
    • To create communication and transportation links across the country
    • Protect the West from annexation by the United States
  9. Identify 4 ways Prime Minister Macdonald expected the railway to transform Canada? 
    • Creating employment
    • Facilitating trade between the eastern and western regions
    • Transporting immigrant settlers across the West
    • Uniting the country from sea to sea with a shared identity
  10. What had changed by the end of the 19th century to improve the chances of a successful immigration policy? (3)
    • The economic depression ended
    • Wheat prices rose- new technologies made crop production more efficient
    • America had been settle so it no longer competed for immigrants
  11. What push factors motivated the Ukrainians to emigrate? (3)
    • high taxes
    • many citizens lived as indentured workers (enslaved to landowners)
    • military service was compulsory for young men
  12. What push factors motivated the Jewish people to emigrate?
  13. What was the social and cultural impact of this period of immigration? (5)
    • Canada became more multiethnic and multicultural
    • Created towns that reflected the settlers' heritage
    • Political and cultural views became more diverse
    • The dominant English Protestants expected newcomers to assimilate
    • Formed institutions such as schools and newspapers along ethnic ties
  14. Identify 4 changes that occur on the farms of the post-Confederation period.
    • Crops were ready to move quickly over great distances
    • Machines made industries such as dairying possible
    • Improvements in transportation made farm life less isolated
    • Farm life became easier (ex. iron stoves, coal lamps)
  15. Why were the harsh conditions of the working class allowed to exist? (5)
    • Society valued the results of the industries and industrialists
    • there was an abundance of cheap labour
    • Much of the work force was immigrants
    • There was no united force of labour
    • It was the era of laissez-faire capitalism
  16. Identify 5 ways in which the Winnipeg General Strike was historically significant?
    • With 27 000 workers off the job virtually all city government services were interrupted
    • It was met with a hard line resistance from Winnipeg's business elite
    • It received international attention as newspapers spread fears of a violent communist revolution
    • The strike spread to other communities which led to a response from the federal government
    • Some workers became more politically radical
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History 30s - Final Exam (Point Answers)