History: Final Exam Part 1

  1. How did the U.S. and President Eisenhower respond to the Soviets launching Sputnik I and II?
    NASA and the national defense education act
  2. What was the main consequence of the U-2 incident?
    • Arms reduction talks ceased and arms building
    • escalated
  3. Who was the architect of the policy of brinkmanship?
    John Foster Dulles
  4. Due to this almost catastrophic event, (involving both Cuba and the Soviets), cold war tensions eased between the U.S. and the Soviet Union
    Cuban Missile Crisis
  5. What was Kennedy's Cold War Policy?
    Flexible Reponse
  6. What was the purpose of the Peace Corps?
    To help underdeveloped nations
  7. What is the result of the Bay of Pigs?
    Cuba was pushed closer to the Soviet Union
  8. Why was Berlin a problem for the Soviet Union?
    • It was an island of freedom in Soviet held east
    • Germany
  9. Why was the Cuban missile crisis significant?
    It was the closest we had ever come to nuclear war
  10. What was the greatest difference between JFK and Richard Nixon as presidential candidates in the 1960 election?
    Their personal styles
  11. What was the Equal Pay Act?
    Women and men paid the same for equal work
  12. What was the Warren Commission and what did it determine?
    • Commission set up by LBJ to investigate Kennedy’s assassination; lone gun man was Lee
    • Harvey Oswald
  13. Which previous Supreme Court decision was overturned by the 1955 Supreme Court case of Brown vs. Board of Education?
    Plessey vs. Ferguson
  14. Why was Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, Alabama? What did this event start?
    • Refusing to move from her seat thus breaking
    • Montgomery segregation laws
  15. What event "Sparked" the Civil Rights Movement?
    The murder of Emmett Till
  16. What was the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
    • No discrimination in employment or public
    • housing
  17. What are some examples of non-violent demonstrations during the Civil Rights Movement?
    • Sit ins
    • Freedom rides
    • March on Washington
  18. What was the goal of the NAACP?
    to gain African American rights
  19. From which non-violent activist did Martin Luther King Jr. borrow many of his civil disobedience ideas from?
  20. Which student was the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi?
    James Meredith
  21. Who were the Little Rock Nine?
    • 9 African American students who attempted to
    • implement the Brown v Board decision by attending an all white high school
  22. This was the largest civil rights demonstration even held in the U.S.; over 200,000 people attended?
    March on Washington
  23. What role did TV networks play in civil rights protests?
    • It showed the violence and brutality committed
    • against the protestors
  24. Why did Black Power and the many riots across America occur?
    There were two separate societies forming, one black one white, separate and unequal.
  25. After WWII, which nation reclaimed Vietnam as a colony?
  26. Which event caused public opinion in America to turn against the South Vietnamese leader, Ngo Dinh Diem?
    Buddhists monks setting themselves on fire in protest to the Diem Regime
  27. What did Ho Chi Minh compare Vietnam's struggle for independence to?
    American Independence
  28. What was the significance of the Tonkin Gulf Resolution?
    • Gave the President war making powers without
    • congress’s approval.
  29. What was the name for the military forces of the South Vietnamese Communists?
  30. Why did the U.S. military struggle the most with in Vietnam?
    Identifying the enemy
  31. Who won the election of 1968?
  32. Why did the U.S. military spray defoliants on the Vietnamese jungle?
    To expose Vietcong supply lines
  33. Who was Nixon's key foreign policy advisor?
    Henry Kissinger
  34. Why was the air war against North Vietnam unsuccessful?
    It only strengthened the resolve of the North Vietnamese
  35. Why was the Vietnam War called the first "living room war"?
    Americans could see coverage of the war
  36. Why did the Tet Offensive surprise Americans?
    The Government told Americans we were winning the war, but the Tet offensive showed otherwise
  37. What did the Counterculture/Hippie Movement value?
    • Value
    • Peace
    • Freedom
  38. What were some results of the Counterculture movement?
    • A generation gap. 
    • Experimentation with drugs.
    • Permissive sexual behavior.
  39. What was the "High Point" of the Counterculture Movement?
Card Set
History: Final Exam Part 1