Health Exam #3

  1. Conventional medicine?
    Medical practice that is based on a scientific method of discovery and inquiry (NCCAM)
  2. CAM?
    A group of diverse medical and health care systems, therapies, and products that are not presently considered part of conventional medicine. (NCCAM)
  3. Alternative:?
    A therapy used in place of conventional medicine. (ex. homeopathic, naturopathic) (NCCAM)
  4. Complementary
    Used together with conventional medicine (ex. aromatherapy used to help lessen discomfort after surgery) (NCCAM)
  5. Who uses CAM?
    • Women
    • Individuals with higher educational levels
    • Former smokers
    • Individuals who’ve been hospitalized in past year
  6. Types of CAM?
    • • Biological: use of natural substances such as herbs and special diets or vitamins in large doses; ex. dietary supplements
    • • Energy: Belief of energy fields that surround the body which can be manipulated; ex. therapeutic touch
    • • Mind-Body: Techniques that promote the mind’s ability to affect bodily functions; ex. meditation, prayer, mental healing
  7. Homeopathy?
    • • Treating a disease by giving medication that will produce the symptoms of a disease for the purpose of stimulating the body’s defense mechanisms and processes to prevent or treat illness.
    • • Most homeopathic remedies are derived from natural substances that come from plants, minerals, or animals.

    Remedies are regulated by the FDA
  8. Acupuncture?
    • • Stimulation of anatomical points on the body typically used to treat pain
    • • Approved by FDA in 1996 by medically trained professionals.
    • • 2002 National Health Interview Study: 2.1 million U.S. adults had used acupuncture in last year.
    • • Acupuncture Risks(Consumer Health Book) Potential risk of fainting, hematoma, convulsions, local infection, hepatitis B, nerve damage, stomach damage, and allergic reaction.
    • • Common complaints to FDA: sterilization of needles and improper placement
  9. Chiropractic?
    • Manipulation of the spine to relieve certain muscoskelatal ailments.Consumer Health Book: Chiropractors claim that manipulation of the spine will heal a variety of ailments and adjustment of the spine should occur once a month for preventative measures; chiropractors take too many x-rays
  10. Chelatin?
    • • Investigational therapy that adds a man-made substance (EDTA) to the blood through a vein.
    • • EDTA has previously been used to treat lead poisoning.
    • • Currently, NIH is studying chelatin therapy in the treatment of heart disease.
  11. The Cardiovascular System?
    • • Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States
    • • Heart attacks and strokes are the most common life-threatening types of heart diseases
    • • Much of these incidences are due to lifestyle concerns
  12. Heart Attack?
    • • Occurs when the demand of the heart muscle for blood far exceeds the supply
    • • Usually occurs as result of:
    • – A clot in the coronary artery; or
    • – More often atherosclerosis
  13. Atherosclerosis?
    • • A disease that causes the artery walls to become thick and irregular due to fatty plaque deposits
    • • As the arteries become lined with layers of these deposits, the arteries become narrowed and blood flow is reduced
    • • Atherosclerosis often begins in childhood
  14. Symptoms of a heart attack?
    • • Will vary for each person
    • • One or more symptoms may be present
    • • May vary from mild to severe
    • • May be attributed to some other cause
    • • Chest pain
    • • Shortness of breath
    • • Nausea
    • • Weakness
    • • Intense discomfort, burning, or bloating in chest or abdomen; similar to indigestion
    • • Awareness of irregular heart action
  15. Risk factors for heart attack?
    • • Heredity
    • • Gender
    • • Age
    • • Smoking
    • • High blood pressure
    • • High cholesterol
    • • Obesity
    • • Lack of physical activity
    • • Heredity
    • • Gender
    • • Age
    • • Smoking
    • • High blood pressure
    • • High cholesterol
    • • Obesity
    • • Lack of physical activity
  16. Cholesterol?
    • •Manufactured in the liver
    • –Used to make cell membranes
    • –Hormones
    • –Bile acids
    • •Also found in foods of animal origin
    • • LDL (low density lipoprotein) = “bad” cholesterol, increases risk of heart attack, optimal below 130
    • • HDL (high density lipoprotein) = “good” cholesterol; benefits for good health, optimal 60 or more
    • TRI
  17. What are the names of the 2 genes that have been linked to cancer?
    BRACA 1, BRACA 2
  18. What is one of the major problems with the use of only a mammogram to detect breast cancer?
    Can’t detect cancer if they have a High Breast Density.
  19. Who in particular should seek out an MRI even if a mammogram does not detect anything?
    Women with dense breast, People who carry gene, radiation in chest when a teen.
  20. What can prohibit women from getting MRI’s?
  21. What are some early signs and symptoms you heard discussed from breast cancer survivors?
    Lumps. Exhaustion, night sweats
Card Set
Health Exam #3