EMT ch 21-23

  1. misdirected and excessive response by the immune system to an allergen
    allergic reaction
  2. a severe life-threatening immune response/allergic reaction.
    • anaphylactic reaction
    • anaphylaxis
    • anaphylactic shock
  3. generalized feeling of weakness or discomfort
  4. 2 main signs and symptoms that indicate severe anaphylactic reaction
    airway and respiratory compromise

  5. contaminated food or water.  or from undercooked food
  6. common poisoning from contaminated poultry, milk, and water
  7. severe gastrointestinal poisoning from numerous contaminated foods, undercooked foods, and untreated water
    Escherichia coli  "e coli"
  8. food poisoning from unhygienic food prep, associated with foods served cold
    staphylococcus aureus
  9. chronic brain syndrome resulting from the toxic effect of alcohol on the central nervous system combined with malnutrition
    Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome
  10. the lining of the abdominal cavity.  has 2 layers visceral and parietal.
  11. organs that contain a type of substance that may leak into the abdominal cavity if the organ is injured or perforated.  don't usually bleed as much as the other organs
    hollow organs
  12. very vascular organs, can bleed a lot which leads to shock.
    solid organs
  13. large blood vessels in the abdominal cavity
    vascular structures
  14. pain that occurs when the organ itself is involved.  usually less severe, and poorly localized
    visceral pain
  15. pain from the irritation of the peritoneal lining.  more severe pain, and fairly easy to localize
    parietal pain or somatic pain
  16. visceral pain that is felt elsewhere in the body
    referred pain
  17. inflammation of the gallbladder.  commonly associated with gallstones
  18. vomiting blood, can look bright red or like coffee grounds
  19. bright red blood in the stool, normally signifying a rapid onset
  20. dark tarry stools containing decomposing blood normally from the upper gastrointestinal system
  21. a weakened, ballooned, and enlarged area of the wall of the abdominal aorta.  can rupture and is one of the most lethal causes of abdominal pain.
    abdominal aortic aneurysm AAA
  22. knees drawn up to the chest and hands clenched over the abdomen
    guarded position
  23. abdominal wall muscle contraction that the patient can't control, resulting from inflammation of the peritoneum.
    involuntary guarding or rigidity
  24. the onset of the menstrual cycle (menses).
  25. strong uterine cramps that cause the severe pain during menstruation
  26. tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
  27. the small sac where sperm is stored in males
  28. blood in the urine
Card Set
EMT ch 21-23