exam 2 phase 1 2

  1. how high can a pyro go?
  2. what are the distances for an m203?
    • point target 150
    • area target 350
    • min engage dis 31m
  3. how far must the round travel out of an m203 before being armed?
    14-27 m
  4. what are the ranges of an at4?
    • max 2100
    • max ef 300
    • min training 50
    • min combat 10
    • arming 10
  5. what identifies a 40 mm he dual purpose m203 round?
    • green middle tip
    • gold tip with white marking
  6. what color band does a 40 mm star parachute have?
  7. what color does a cs 40 mm have?
  8. what are the rates of a iar?
    • cyclic 700-900
    • sustained 36 om at 95 degrees f
  9. what are the ranges of iar?
    • point target 550
    • area target 700 m
    • max 3938 yd
  10. what is an abrasion?
    • loss of portion of epidermis
    • oozing blood
  11. what is a laceration?
    anything that will cut the skin in a jagged manor
  12. what is an incision?
    a cut with a clean edge
  13. what is an avulsion?
    cut where there is a piece of skin flapping
  14. what are the 3 level of burns?
    • 1st- limited to most superficial layer of the epidermis and redding skin
    • 2nd- partial thickness cause damage to but not through dermis and blisters
    • 3rd- destroy skin and can be life threatening
  15. what are the 3 types of burns?
    • thermal- caused by heat
    • eletrical
    • chemical
  16. what are the two different families of poisonous snakes?
    • crotalidae which is hemotoxic
    • elapidae which is neurotoxic ni extreme pain
  17. what are things you should look for on a snake?
    • arrangement of teeth
    • rattle
    • sensory pits
    • color
    • shape of head
    • shape of eyes
  18. what are different types of heat casualties?
    • sunburn
    • prickly heat rash
    • fungus infection- leave open sores on feet and groin
    • heat cramps- considered to produce a heat casualty
    • heat exhaustion
    • heat stroke- most serious
  19. what are heat cramps cause by?
    lack of electrolytes
  20. what is heat exhaustion caused by?
    pooling of blood in the capillaries close to the surface of the skin
  21. what is a heat stroke?
    shut down of the bodys regulatory mechanism
  22. what is the main difference between heat exhaustion and heat stoke?
    during heat stroke the victim will not sweat and will have hot, dry, flushed skin. temps may range from 104 to 108
  23. what are the 3 ways to prevent heat cases?
    • clothing- loose and full coverage
    • water
    • command attention
  24. what is the wet bulb globe temp index?
    is our source for determining heat conditions
  25. what are the 4 environmental factors that make up the wbgt?
    • air movement
    • air temp
    • relative humidity
    • radiant heat
  26. what are the different flag conditions?
    • alpha=green
    • bravo=yellow
    • charlie=red
    • delta=black
  27. what is the heat for a green flag and what can you do?
    • 80-84.9
    • heavy exercise must be observed
  28. what is the heat for yellow flag and what can you do?
    • 85-87.9
    • heavy workout must stop for unacclimatized personnel
  29. what is the heat for red and what can you do?
    • 88-89.9
    • physical training halted. acclimatized personnel may perform limited activity not to exceed 6 hours a day
  30. what is the heat for black and what can you do?
    • 90 and above
    • nothing
  31. what is the human core temp?
  32. what are the ways heat can leave you body?
    • radiation
    • conduction
    • convection
    • evaporation
    • respiration
    • wind chill
    • water chill
  33. what are the bodys most efficient radiators?
    • head and neck
    • heat loss through head 50 percent at 40 F and 75 percent at 5 F
  34. what is conductive heat loss?
    heat is lost through touching of other material
  35. what is convection?
    when wind moves the thin layer of warm air away from your body
  36. what is frostbite?
    • freezing of the flesh
    • caused when the body restricts blood flow to appendages to conserve core heat
  37. what are the different severity/temps for hypothermia?
    • mild=93.2-95
    • moderate=86-93.2
    • severe=less than 86
  38. what acronym do you use for treating cold weather injuries?
    • COLD
    • keep it clean
    • avoid overheating
    • wear clothing loosely and in layers
    • keep it dry
  39. what are the objectives for casualty care?
    • treatment of casualty
    • prevention of additional casualties
    • completion of mission
  40. what type of casualties should you stop to treat right away?
    • pulseless, non breathing
    • massive bleeding
    • coma or shock
  41. what needs to happen before any casualty is treated?
    fire superiority
  42. how long without oxygen will cause very likely brain damage and irreversible brain damage?
    • 6-10 min
    • 10 or more min
  43. what is the number one cause of preventable death on the battlefield?
    extremity exsanguination 
  44. what assessment do you use when you first show up to a casualty?
    primary assessment
  45. what are the four basic lifesaving steps?
    • ABCS
    • open airway
    • check for breathing
    • check for signs of circulation
    • treat for shock
  46. what do you conduct in secondary survey?
    • secondary assessment- prepare casualty for transport
    • reassessment
    • head to toe assessment (DCAP_BTLS)
  47. what does DCAP-BTLS stand for?
    • deformities
    • contusions
    • abrasions
    • punctures
    • burns
    • tenderness
    • lacerations
    • swelling
  48. whats are the 9 diagnostic signs?
    • pulse
    • respiration
    • blood pressure
    • temp
    • skin color
    • pupils
    • level of consciousness
    • ability to move
    • reaction to pain
  49. what are the 3 categories a casualty will fall under?
    • urgent- severe injury threatening to life or limb
    • priority- requires immediate attention but is not threatening to life or limb
    • routine- treated last. non life threatening. or dead
  50. what is triage?
    to prioritize certain casualties
  51. what is the nomenclature of the an/pvs-14
    monocular night vision device
  52. what is the range and field view of the an/pvs-14?
    • 150 m starlight
    • 300 m moonlight
    • 40 degrees 
  53. what is the range for the peq 15?
    less then 2000
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exam 2 phase 1 2