Russian Alphabet

The flashcards below were created by user AndrewComeau on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Definition: Voiced consonants
    • Б (be) В (ve) Г (ge) Д (de) Ж (zhe) З (ze)
    • Consonants that cause a vibration in the vocal cords when pronounced.
    • All other consonants such as Т (te) and Ф (ef) are 'unvoiced' as their sounds are made with only the mouth.
    • Distinctions of 'voiced' and 'unvoiced' sounds mainly affect a speaker's perceived accent. Speaking words as written will not prevent understanding but will project a 'foreign' accent.
  2. Definition: Soft consonants
    • When followed by е ё и ю or я, most consonants are softened, picking up a 'y' (as in yet) sound that is pronounced simultaneously with the consonant.
    • Example: нет is pronounced 'nyet' but with a slightly nasal sound on the 'n' as it's being combined with the 'y' rather than being a separate letter as English speakers would treat it.
    • Example: совет (savyet) - As far as possible, 'vy' is pronounced as one sound.
    • ж ц and ш are not softened in this way.
  3. А а
    • Name:  a
    • Sounds like: a in far or father
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates feminine gender, except for nouns referring to males.
  4. Б б
    • Name:  be
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: b in bottom
    • Unvoiced: p as in pear at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
    • Unvoiced consonants can become voiced when preceding this letter.
  5. В в
    • Name:  ve
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: v in Victor
    • Unvoiced: f as in Friday at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
  6. Г г
    • Name:  ge
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: g in golf
    • Unvoiced: k as in kite at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
    • Unvoiced consonants can become voiced when preceding this letter.
  7. Д д
    • Name:  de
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: d in dog
    • Unvoiced: t as in time at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
    • Unvoiced consonants can become voiced when preceding this letter.
  8. Е е
    • Name:  ye
    • Sounds like: ye in yell or e in end
    • Softens preceding consonant with simultaneous y sound.
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates neuter gender.
  9. Ё ё
    • Name:  yo
    • Sounds like: yo in your
    • Softens preceding consonant with simultaneous y sound.
  10. Ж ж
    • Name:  zhe
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: s in pleasure or treasure
    • Always pronounced as a hard sound. Not softened by е ё и ю or я.
    • Unvoiced: sh as in shed at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
    • Unvoiced consonants can become voiced when preceding this letter.
  11. З з
    • Name:  ze
    • Voiced consonant
    • Sounds like: z in zip
    • Unvoiced: s as in strong at end of word or before another unvoiced consonant.
    • Unvoiced consonants can become voiced when preceding this letter.
  12. И и
    • Name:  ee
    • Sounds like: ee in meet
    • Softens preceding consonant with simultaneous y sound.
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates a foreign borrowed word and the neuter gender.
  13. Й й
    • Name:  ee kratkoye (short i)
    • Sounds like: y in boy
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates masculine gender.
  14. К к
    • Name:  ka
    • Sounds like: like k in key or c in cat
  15. Л л
    • Name:  el
    • Sounds like: like l in lemon
  16. М м
    • Name:  em
    • Sounds like: like m in mend
  17. Н н
    • Name:  en
    • Sounds like: like n in Nancy
  18. О о
    • Name:  o
    • Sounds like: like o in notice
    • Unstressed syllable: like a in father
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates neuter gender.
  19. П п
    • Name:  pe
    • Sounds like: like p in pet
  20. Р р
    • Name:  er
    • Sounds like: like r in random (rolled)
  21. С с
    • Name:  es
    • Sounds like: like s in soon
  22. Т т
    • Name:  te
    • Sounds like: like t in tremor
  23. У у
    • Name:  oo
    • Sounds like: like oo in moon
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates a foreign borrowed word and the neuter gender.
  24. Ф  ф
    • Name:  ef
    • Sounds like: f as in fancy
  25. Х х
    • Name:  kha
    • Sounds like: ch in loch (aspirated)
  26. Ц ц
    • Name:  tse
    • Sounds like: ts in boots
  27. Ч ч
    • Name:  che
    • Sounds like: ch in chips
    • Always pronounced as a hard sound. Not softened by е ё и ю or я.
  28. Ш ш
    • Name:  sha
    • Sounds like: sh in short
    • Always pronounced as a hard sound. Not softened by е ё и ю or я.
  29. Щ щ
    • Name:  shcha
    • Sounds like: sh_ch in fresh cheese
    • Alternate sound: sh_sh as in British ship
  30. ъ
    • Name:  tviordiy znak (hard sign)
    • Sounds like: No sound - short pause between syllables
  31. ы
    • Name:  ih
    • Sounds like: i in ill
  32. ь
    • Name:  myagkiy znak (soft sign)
    • Sounds like: No sound on its own. Can be like the y in yet but combined with the letter before it.
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates feminine gender, although not always.
  33. Э э
    • Name:  e
    • Sounds like: e in end
  34. Ю ю
    • Name:  yoo
    • Sounds like: u in use
    • Softens preceding consonant with simultaneous y sound.
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates a foreign borrowed word and the neuter gender.
  35. Я я
    • Name:  ya
    • Sounds like: ya in yard
    • Softens preceding consonant with simultaneous y sound.
    • Presence at the end of a noun often indicates feminine gender, except for nouns referring to males.
Author
ID
275639
Card Set
Russian Alphabet
Description
The 33 letters from the Russian cyrillic alphabet with upper and lowercase representations, letter names and pronunciations. Sources: http://www.russianforeveryone.com/ and "The New Penguin Russian Course" by Nicholas J. Brown
Updated
Show Answers