What are neurons?
building blocks of life
What is swallowing disorder?
Inability to consume inadequate amounts of food.
Define physical therapist
Specialists mostly concerned with gross motor skills.
Two types of spoons in swallowing disorder.
Marroon and Duo
Central nervous system
Includes the spinal chord and brain stem
What is confrontational naming?
Naming items on the spot. (on demand)
Define contra coup
Point of contact. (opposite)
Two types of strokes
Hemorrhagic-ruptured cerebral blood vessels caused by cerebral bleeding
Ischemic-occlusive- mini strokes caused from interruption of arterial blood flow
What is diagnostic therapy?
Diagnosing while doing therapy.
Define who a recreational therapist is?
Activity planner in a rehab setting.
12 cranial nerves
- I. Olfactory
- II. Optic
- III. Occulomotor
- IV. Trochlear
- VI. Abducens
- VII. Facial
- VIII. Vesticbular accoustic
- IX. Glossopharygenal
- X. Vargus- Larnyx, respiratory & cardiac
- XI. Accessory
- XII. Hypoglossal
Reading disorder-loss of previously acquired reading skills.
Define visual agnosia
- Object is seen but not understood. Absence of
- sensory stimuli.
Verbal motor disorder. Caused by muscle weakness.
Define a coup injury
Bran injury at point of impact.
What is hemi-neglect?
Ignoring one side of the body.
What is aphasia?
Language disorder caused from recent brain injury.
Where is Broca's aphasia located?
Left lower and posterior portion of frontal lobe on the inferior frontal gyrus.
What is a coma?
An unconscious state where patient is unresponsive to most stimuli.
What is a tumor?
Lesions that cause swelling and increased pressure on the surrounding tissue in the brain.
What is pulse occimeter-
Monitors heart rate and oxygen . Can be placed on finger or toe.
4 factors that cause right hemisphere damage
- Neurological disease - menegitis
What are the 3 stages to swallowing
- 1. Esophageal
- 2. Pharyngeal
- 3. Oral
How many levels on the Rancho scale
Damage to what cranial nerves causes speech disorders.
- V. Trigeminal - face-jaw movement
- VII. Facial- tongue, pharynx - sensory
- X. Vargus- larynx- respiratory, cardiac/sensory/motor
- XII. Hypoglossal-tongue movement
Name two types of cups used in swallowing therapy.
What is dementia?
Progressive neurological disease.
What is aspiration?
Breathing in fluid into lungs.
What is an intra hemotoma
Accumulation of blood in skull
What is hypotension?
Low blood pressure
What is hydrocephalus?
Accumulation of water on the brain or cerebral spinal fluid.
Define acceleration and deceleration injuries to the brain.
Acceleration - head is moving forward and hits an object.
Deceleration- head is still and is hit by a moving object.
What is cognition?
Awareness process, intellectual data, memory and knowledge.
What are anti psychotic drugs?
Treat depression, anxiety - control psychriactic symptoms.
Lack of oxygen to brain.
What is acute stage of brain injury.
1st stage- need to stabilize patient
Define bacterial meningitis
Infection of meninges and cerebral spinal fluid.