Review test for final

  1. What are neurons?
    building blocks of life
  2. What's schizophrenia?
    Psychiatric disorder
  3. What is swallowing disorder?
    Inability to consume inadequate amounts of food.
  4. Define physical therapist
    Specialists mostly concerned with gross motor skills.
  5. Two types of spoons in swallowing disorder.
    Marroon and Duo
  6. Central nervous system
    Includes the spinal chord and brain stem
  7. What is confrontational naming?
    Naming items on the spot.  (on demand)
  8. Define contra coup
    Point of contact. (opposite)
  9. Two types of strokes
    Hemorrhagic-ruptured cerebral blood vessels caused by cerebral bleeding

    Ischemic-occlusive- mini strokes caused from interruption  of arterial blood flow
  10. What is diagnostic therapy?
    Diagnosing while doing therapy.
  11. Define who a recreational therapist is?
    Activity planner in a rehab setting.
  12. 12 cranial nerves
    • I. Olfactory
    • II. Optic
    • III. Occulomotor
    • IV. Trochlear
    • V.Trigeminal
    • VI. Abducens
    • VII. Facial
    • VIII. Vesticbular accoustic
    • IX.  Glossopharygenal
    • X.  Vargus- Larnyx, respiratory & cardiac
    • XI.  Accessory
    • XII. Hypoglossal
  13. Define Alexia
    Reading disorder-loss of previously acquired reading skills.
  14. Define visual agnosia
    • Object is seen but not understood.  Absence of
    •  sensory stimuli.
  15. Define Dysarthria
    Verbal motor disorder.  Caused by muscle weakness.
  16. Define a coup injury
    Bran injury at point of impact.
  17. What is hemi-neglect?
    Ignoring one side of the body.
  18. What is aphasia?
    Language disorder caused from recent brain injury.
  19. Where is Broca's aphasia located?
    Left lower and posterior portion of frontal lobe on the inferior frontal gyrus.
  20. What is a coma?
    An unconscious state where patient is unresponsive to most stimuli.
  21. What is a tumor?
    Lesions that cause swelling and increased pressure on the surrounding tissue in the brain.
  22. What is pulse occimeter-
    Monitors heart rate and oxygen .  Can be placed on finger or toe.
  23. 4 factors that cause right hemisphere damage
    • TBI
    • CVA-Cardio/stroke
    • Tumor
    • Neurological disease - menegitis
  24. What are the 3 stages to swallowing
    • 1.  Esophageal
    • 2. Pharyngeal
    • 3.  Oral
  25. How many levels on the Rancho scale
  26. Damage to what cranial nerves causes speech disorders.
    • V.  Trigeminal - face-jaw movement
    • VII. Facial- tongue, pharynx - sensory
    • X.  Vargus- larynx- respiratory, cardiac/sensory/motor
    • XII. Hypoglossal-tongue movement
  27. Name two types of cups used in swallowing therapy.
    • Nosey cup
    • sippy cup
  28. What is dementia?
    Progressive neurological disease.
  29. What is aspiration?
    Breathing in fluid into lungs.
  30. Define agraphia
    Writing disorder
  31. What is an intra hemotoma
    Accumulation of blood in skull
  32. What is hypotension?
    Low blood pressure
  33. What is hydrocephalus?
    Accumulation of water on the brain or cerebral spinal fluid.
  34. Define acceleration and deceleration injuries to the brain.
    Acceleration - head is moving forward and hits an object.

    Deceleration- head is still and is hit by a moving object.
  35. What is cognition?
    Awareness process, intellectual data, memory and knowledge.
  36. What are anti psychotic drugs?
    Treat depression, anxiety - control psychriactic symptoms.
  37. Anoxia
    Lack of oxygen to brain.
  38. What is acute stage of brain injury.
    1st stage- need to stabilize patient
  39. Define bacterial meningitis
    Infection of meninges and cerebral spinal fluid.
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Review test for final
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