Historical Influences, Movements, and Major Artists

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  1. Describe the oriental and Egyptian influence on Greek art that began around 700 BC and the reason for it.
    • By the time Greek civilization had emerged as the dominant regional force that began to participate in substantial international trade along with other powers and it's part of the world. Perhaps due to simple popularity or a demand for something new, the incorporation of oriental motif was rapid and pervasive.
    • Representation of traditional Greek literature within the visual arts was transformed through the liberal use of curvilinear effects such as spirals, interlacing bands, rosettes, palmettes, and scenes of animals in various styles of contention. The new influences particularly evident on the face, the blinding of Polyphemus and Gorgons which depicts a rendering of scenes consistent with its name.
    • Much statuary in painting work from the fifth and sixth century BC have a decidedly Egyptian periods. Direct figures, clutched hands to the sides and proud sculpted poses and colorful, rigid, two-dimensional renditions of figures engaged in various activities, often with an implement or weapon of some sort and hand are common.
  2. Discuss the characteristics that most distinguish Roman style from Greek predecessors.
    The most obvious difference between the two styles was the significantly larger scale of construction typical Roman architecture. Greek architectural orders were still a component of Roman expertise for decorative effect but much less so for the structural process. Roman innovation produce a number of new methods of construction including composites capitals, bracket cornices such as those found on the temples, arches and domes.
  3. Describe the common characteristics of materials of early civilizations.
    • Characteristics such as Egyptian, little and near East and create shared a commonality in their complexes of temples, tombs and palaces. Most of these structures appeared solid from the exterior of the inside they sometimes contain vast open spaces of varying size.
    • The development of architecture was frequently depended upon religious beliefs or practices such as those associated with the cult of the dead and heavily influenced design in Egypt.
    • As might be expected, a few exceptions such as that of the Egyptians, architecture of earlier civilizations was rather simplistic by comparison to what would later be accomplished in Greece and Rome.
    • Still, earlier people left a remarkable if sporadic legacy of construction. The Assyrian Palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad and the monumental palace of Persepolis and Persia bear convicting testament of their prowess.
  4. It is thought that no substantial artistic activity occurred in Minoan civilization for much of its early history and often what was created was destroyed through cataclysm. However, some relics from the brief period between 1600 1450 BC have survived. Discussed these discoveries and what they tell us about Minoan artistic style.
    • One of the most notable lines is the statuette terra-cotta Snake goddess from 16 BC.
    • Another notable find is the Harvester Vase from Hagia Trada which depicts an expressionistic scene of spot a workers engaged in the harvest of crops.
    • The Minoans also produced the Palace of Minos at Knossos. It's a labyrinth like remains ultimately contribute to the Greek legend of the Minotaur.
  5. Explained the advent of Archaic Greek style and describe the key elements.
    Archaic style emerge during the seventh century BC as a wider ranging enhancement of the previous Oriental influenced geometric period. With the next 300 years, style influenced every aspect of the Greek art with a renewed freshness and freedom of expression.
Card Set
Historical Influences, Movements, and Major Artists
FTCE Art K-12
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