Microbiology 3

  1. Plague
    • Causative Agent: Yersinia pestis
    • Portal: Skin/Respiratory Tract
    • Symptoms: Enlarged lymph nodes (buboes), fever, septic shock
    • Transmission: Flea borne bites on skin
    • Treatment: Steptomycin, tetracycline, Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Visual, Blood sample, lab ID
  2. Lyme Disease
    • Causative Agent: Borrelia burgdorferi
    • Portal: Skin
    • Symptoms: Bull's eye rash, fever, flu like symptoms
    • Transmission: Bite from tick
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Western Blot Test
  3. Toxoplasmosis
    • Causative Agent: Toxoplasma gondii
    • Portal: Digestive System
    • Symptoms: Can cause abortions, for normal humans mild, if compromised serious
    • Transmission: Ingestion
    • Treatment: Antibiotics, antiprotozoans, proper disposal of cat litter
    • Lab Test: Serological Test
  4. Pertussis
    • Causative Agent: Bordetella pertussis
    • Portal: Mouth and respiratory tract
    • Symptoms: Identifiable cough, mucous
    • Transmission: Aerosol discharges
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Serological Test
  5. Tuberculosis
    • Causative Agent: Mycobacteriumtuberculosis
    • Portal: Lungs
    • Symptoms: Chronic cough, blood tinged sputum, fever, night sweats, weight loss
    • Transmission: Aerosol
    • Treatment: Multiple antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Skin test, chest x-ray, serological
  6. Scarlet Fever
    • Causative Agent: Streptococcus pyogenes
    • Portal: Mouth and respiratory tract
    • Symptoms: Bright red tongue, strawberry appearance, rash blanches upon pressure on chest, pits, ears
    • Transmission: Aerosol
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Clinical/blood tests
  7. Diphtheria
    • Causative Agent: Corynebacterium diphtheriae
    • Portal: Tonsils, pharynx, upper respiratory
    • Symptoms: Low fever, sore throat
    • Transmission: Aerosol
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Lab Culture/Test
  8. Dental Caries
    • Causative Agent: Streptococcus mutans
    • Portal: Mouth, teeth and gums
    • Symptoms: Tooth decay, swollen gums
    • Transmission: Build up plaque over time, sometimes drug use
    • Treatment: Removal of plaque or infected area
    • Lab Test: Dental X-ray
  9. Shigellosis
    • Causative Agent: Shigella
    • Portal: Mouth, Gastro Intestine
    • Symptoms: Dysentery, cramps, fever, abdominal discomfort
    • Transmission: Fecal oral
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Rectal sample
  10. Typhoid Fever
    • Causative Agent: Salmonella enterica serovar typhi
    • Portal: GI mouth
    • Symptoms: Sustained fever, profuse sweating, diarrhea, rose rash
    • Transmission: Fecal oral
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Blood, bone marrow, stool culture
  11. Cholera
    • Causative Agent: Vibrio chollerae
    • Portal: Mouth, GI
    • Symptoms: Destruction of SI, exhaustive diarrhea
    • Transmission: Fecal oral
    • Treatment: Electrolyte replacement, IV rehydration, tetracycline
    • Lab Test: Rapid diasnostic assay
  12. Salmonellosis
    • Causative Agent: Salmonella
    • Portal: Mouth, GI
    • Symptoms: Diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal cramps
    • Transmission: Food to intestines to blood stream
    • Treatment: Antibiotics, treat for dehydration
    • Lab Test: Stool Sample
  13. Leptospirosis
    • Causative Agent: Spirochaete leptospira
    • Portal: Skin or ingestion
    • Symptoms: No symptoms all the way to severe flu like symptoms, eventual liver and kidney damage
    • Transmission: Animal to human
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: Serological Test
  14. Gonorrhea
    • Causative Agent: Neisseria gonorrhoeae
    • Portal: UGT, eyes, rectum
    • Symptoms: Discharge from urethra or vagina, cramps, pain when urinating, inflamed tissue on genitals
    • Transmission: Human to human
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
    • Lab Test: ELISA
  15. Genital Warts
    • Causative Agent: Congylomata acuminata or sub type HPV
    • Portal: UGT
    • Symptoms: Clusters of warts on anus or genitals
    • Transmission: Human to human
    • Treatment: Vaccine or topical creams
    • Lab Test: Visual or scrape and microscopic view
  16. Shingles
    • Causative Agent: Varicella-zosster Virus (Herpes Zoster)
    • Portal: Peripheral Nerves/Latent Chicken Pox
    • Symptoms: Rash usually around waist but can spread to chest or face
    • Transmission: Latent CP infection
    • Treatment: Vaccine/Acyclovir
    • Lab Test: Not needed
  17. Small Pox
    • Causative Agent: Variola Virus
    • Portal: Respiratory Tract
    • Symptoms: Pustules/lesions on skin
    • Transmission: Aerosol
    • Treatment: Erradicated in US/prior to 70 vaccination/Antiviral drugs
    • Lab Test: Not needed
Card Set
Microbiology 3