Ch 10

  1. aggression
    Behavior whose purpose is to harm another
  2. assertiveness
    behavior intended to express dominance or confidence
  3. catharsis
    discharge of aggressive impulses
  4. cognitive-neoassociation thory
    • theory that any unpleasant situation triggers
    • a complex chain of internal events, including negative emotions and
    • negative thoughts; depending on other cues in the situation, these
    • negative feelings will be expressed as either aggression or flight
  5. culture of honor
    • set of societal norms whose central idea is
    • that people (particularly men) should be ready to defend their honor
    • with violent retaliation if necessary
  6. defensive attributional style
    tendency to notice threats and interpret other people's behavior as intended to do one harm
  7. differential parental investment
    principle that animals making higher investment in their offspring will be more careful in choosing mates
  8. direct aggression
    behavior intended to hurt someone to his or her face
  9. displacement
    indirect expression of an aggressive impulse away from the person or animal that created it
  10. effect/danger ratio
    assessment of the likely beneficial effect of aggressiveness balanced against the likely dangers
  11. emotional aggression
    hurtful behavior that stems from angry feelings
  12. excitation-transfer theory
    • theory that anger is physiologically similar
    • to other emotional states and that any form of emotional arousal can
    • enhance aggressive responses
  13. frustration-aggression hypothesis (original)
    theory that aggression is an automatic response to any blocking of goal-directed behavior
  14. frustration-aggression hypothesis (reformulated)
    theory that any unpleasant stimulation will lead to emotional aggression to the extent that it generates unpleasant feelings
  15. indirect aggression
    attempt to hurt another person without obvious face-to-face conflict
  16. meta-analysis
    statistical combination of results from different studies of the same topic
  17. instrumental aggression
    hurting another to accomplish some other (nonaggressive) goal
  18. psychopath
    • individual characterized by impulsivity,
    • irresponsibility, low empathy, grandiose self-worth, and lack of
    • sensitivity to punishment; such individuals are inclined toward acting
    • violently for personal gain
  19. relative deprivation
    the feeling that i have less than the other people to whom I compare myself
  20. sexual selection
    • form of natural selection favoring
    • characteristics that assist animals in attracting mates or in competing
    • with members of their own sex
  21. social learning theory
    theory that aggression is learned through direct reward or by watching others being rewarded for aggressiveness
  22. type A behavior pattern
    • group of personality characteristics,
    • including time-urgency and competitiveness, that is associated with
    • higher risk for coronary disease
  23. weapons effect
    tendency for weapons, such as guns, to enhance aggressive thoughts, feelings, and actions
Card Set
Ch 10
Chapter 10