CH 25-28 w.history.txt

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  1. Europe had large deposits of naturals resources, esp. ___ and ___.
  2. About ___% of the British live in rural areas.
  3. Workers weave ___ on hand looms in their homes.
  4. ___ is used to produce iron in small amounts.
  5. England had banks and encouraged what 3 things to invest in industry?
    trade, invention, and money
  6. **What led to the factory system?
    New textile machinery
  7. James Watt
    in 1765, he invented the first steam engine
  8. How did steam engines affect life?
    it produced more power and allowed factories to be built in cities near workers
  9. Henry Bessemer
    he invented a cheap process for making steel which is stronger than iron
  10. Effects of steel?
    allowed engineers todesign more powerful machines, taller buildings, and longer bridges
  11. the increase in population and enclosure of farms forced people to move to cities
  12. poorly constructed apartments built by factory owners in neighborhoods called the slums. Many families shared these apartments and lacked running water and sanitation.
  13. What did workers join, in demand of better pay, fewer hours, and safer work conditions
  14. what did workers do when union demands were not met?
    they went on strike
  15. who introduced a radical form of socialism called communism?
    Karl Marx
  16. The Communist Manifesto
    predicted a war between "haves" and " have nots"
  17. What kind of things did Karl Marx encourage workers to do?
    overthrow owners, seize control of factories, distribute goods evenly, and create economic equality for all
  18. socialism
    created equality and end poverty by redistributing wealth from rich capitalist to the poor workers
  19. what did socialists argue?
    the government should plan the economy by controlling factories, farms, railroads, mines and important industries
  20. Where and when did the Industrial Revolution lead to imperialism
    Africa, India, China, the Pacific in the mid 1800s
  21. what did empires need in order to fuel the demand for factory goods?
    raw materials
  22. Social Darwinism
    the ideology that appies biological concepts of "survival of the fittest"..assuming that conflict between groups in society leads to progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones
  23. What happened in the Berlin Conference?
    1884, 14 nations met to "set rules for colonizing in Africa" because they were afraid wars would break out.
  24. constructed in 1859, a shipping canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea at port Said with the Red Sea
    Suez Canal
  25. indians soldiers that the British hired to protect their trade and territories
  26. what rumors who spread in 1857 that made the Hindu and Muslim sepoys outraged enough to rebel against the British?
    sepoy gun cartridges supplied by the British were greases with pork and beef fat
  27. Sepoy mutiny
    sepoys rebelled against british and it lasted over 1 year; the british had to send troops to help the East India Co
  28. Opium War
    Britain sold opium drug to Chinese(who were addicted to it) and they refused to end the trade so China declared war on Britain but British won bc their awesome navy
  29. What treaty ended the Opium wars?
    Treaty of Nanjing
  30. What did the British gain from The Treaty of Nanjing?
    Hong Kong and extraterritorial rights in china
  31. Extraterritorial rights
    foreigners are exempted from a country's laws
  32. Spheres of Influences?
    areas where a foreign nation had exclusive trade rights and control over economic activities
  33. Open Door Policy
    US proposed this so merchants from all nations can trade freely with China
  34. Taiping Rebellion
    rebellion against Quing Dynasty and China led by Hong Xiuquan in attempt to end poverty among peasants(rapid population growth)
  35. Boxer Rebellion
    led by frustrated Chinese who wanted to expel foreigners from China bc foreign influence and poverty; this was later ended by an army of 19000 British, French, and American soldiers
  36. Commodore Perry?
    He demanded that the Japanese trade with the USA...officials signed the Treaty of Kanagawa which opened 2 ports to American Mechants
  37. Treaty of Kanagawa
    opened 2 ports to American mechants
  38. What happened after the Tokugawa shogun stepped down bringing an end to 600 years of military dictatorship?(Meijing Restoration)
    Emperor Mutsuhito took control of the gov. and took the title Meiji(enlightened rule)
  39. a dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan
    Tokugawa Shogun
  40. shogun
    in fuedal japan, a military commander who ruled in the name of an emperor
  41. Russo-Japanese war started over what? what happened
    control of Port Arthur and Manchuria; the Japanese defeated western power
  42. which president help draft the treaty that Korea to Japan and removed Russia from Manchuria
    Teddy Roosevelt
  43. Members of one or more of the insurgent groups in Turkey (late 1900s) who rebelled against absolutism of Ottoman rule
    Young Turks
  44. Monroe Doctrine
    proposed by James Monroe; US commited to neutrality of Europe but promised to protect Western Hemisphere form European colonization
  45. manmade waterway connecting that Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; built by US
    Panama Canal
  46. Nationalism
    people being loyal to their nation(whom share history/culture); led to revolutions for democracy and formation of new nations
  47. a prime minister in Germany who went against the law to solve a problem with parliament
    Otto Von Bismark
  48. Quote:Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided but by.. Iron and Blood
    Otto Von Bismark
  49. the takeover of a country/territory by a stronger nation with intent of dominating the political, economic, and social life of the ppl of that nation
  50. an economic system in which money is invested in business ventures with the goal of making a profit
  51. Which of the following experienced an increase in demand because of industrialization?
  52. Communism
    the people own all property and means of production
  53. Karl Marx is associated with..
  54. Impact of British colonialism in India?
    they built many railroads and added telegraph lines
  55. Which country took control of Indochina?(vietnam,cambodia, ect.)
  56. During the isolation under the Tokugawa, the Japanese traded with...?
    the Dutch
  57. What impact did the Meiji emperor have on Japan?
    He helped reform Japan based on European and American models.
  58. A major goal of the US in the early 1900s was the building of
    the Panama Canal
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CH 25-28 w.history.txt
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