nutrition diseases.txt

  1. Appendicitis
  2. Cirrhosis of the liver
    Chronic damage to the liver causing hardening, frequently caused by the excessive alcohol consumption
  3. Jaundice •
    Excessive levels of bile piments in the blood causing the skin to turn ellow. Caused by malfunction of the gall bladder or obstructed flow of bile.
  4. Heartburn
    burning sensation in esophagus or the throat caused by back flow and regurgitation of acidic stomach contents
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
    no exact causes is yet known though stress and low fibre high fat diets are said to contribute. Symptoms include stomach and bowel pain and alternate bouts of diarrhea and constipation
  6. Ulcer
    Erosion in the walls of the digestive system, often caused by too much acid
  7. Hernia
  8. Stress
    the most common effect of the stress on the digestive system is ulcers. Anxiety and lack of relaxation case overproduction of gastric juices and if they have nothing to work on they will start to attack the lining of the stomach or other structures. In short, the stomach starts to digest itself.
  9. Anorexia Nervosa
    Is a psychological condition , often affects teenage girls and young woman. The sufferers have a fear of gaining weight or being fat and refuse to eat very much or stop eating completely. It can be severally debilitating and often fetal.
  10. Bulimia Nervosa
    It's an insatiable hunger during binging episodes coupled with compensatory evacuation methods such as self induced vomiting and excessive use of laxatives. It's a psychological condition which often effects teenage girls and young women, and increasingly young men.
  11. Constipation
    Infrequent or uncomfortable bowel movements, causing hard faeces to block the rectum. Caused by lack of fibre in a diet, lack of fluid and lack of exercise. Sometimes caused by stress.
  12. Gall stones
    Stones formed f residue of bile pigments, cholesterol and calcium salts, found in the gall bladder
  13. Diarrhoea
    • frequent and watery bowel movements.
    • Acute often related to food poisoning.Food allergy or intolerance is another common cause
    • also eating too much fruit with laxative properties - rhubarb oranges.
    • Zinc can prevent it  in children
  14. Candida
    A fungus, candida albicans, which causes yest infections like thrush in the mouth, throat, intestines or other parts of the body.
  15. Diverticulitis
    An inflammation of the diverticulum in the digestive track (especially the colon) characterized by painful abdominal cramping, fever and constipation.
  16. Crohn’s disease or
    • A disease of small intestine which often spreads to colon. Characterized by diarrhea , cramping and loss of appetite and weight with local abscesses and scarring.
    • Crohn's disease is caused by interactions between environmental, immunological and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals.This results in a chronic inflammatory disorder, in which the body's immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract possibly directed at microbial antigens. is an immune related disease.
  17. Coeliac disease
    common bowel condition which is related to gluten intolerance - protein f many grains.
  18. Ulcerative colitis
    Form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It's a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specially the large intestine or colon, which includes ulcers or open sores in the colon
Card Set
nutrition diseases.txt