General Disease/Conditions

  1. This disease is named for the way the person looks due to it presents with a rash on there face. It's an chronic immune disease.
    • SLE
    • Systemic Lupus Erthematosus
    • Lupus means "wolf" which is the look that the rash gives a person.
  2. SLE etio and pathophysiology
    • unclear etio
    • abnormal large numbers of circulating autoantibodies against DNA, platelets, erythrocytes, all are known as antinuclear antibodies (ANA)
    • Skin and body systems can be affected
  3. SLE SNS
    • multiple joints inflammed and painful w/o dmg
    • UV sensitivity, skin rashes, sometimes ulcers
    • renal damage and pleurisy
    • raynaud's and carditis
    • anemia, leukopenia
  4. tx approach to SLE
    • glucocorticoids for inflammation
    • NSAIDs
    • Avoid excessive fatigue
  5. general sns of AIDs
    • 1st phase fever, fatigue, arthalgia, sore throat that recover without intervention
    • 2nd phase no clear signs
    • final acute numerous serious complications; GI effects, neurological effects, malignancies
  6. Difference between benign and malignant tumors
    • benign is commonly encapsulated and expands but doesn't spread
    • malignant cells infiltrate and spread into surrounding tissues
  7. systemic effects of malignant tumors
    • weight loss and severe tissue wasting (cachexia)
    • anemia
    • severe fatigue
    • infections
    • bleeding
  8. With chemotherapy its risk to implement major procedures due to tendency for patient to
    hemorrhage or have a severe infection by coming across/into a more infectious surrounding and have poor healing capabilities
  9. JRA vs RA
    • in children
    • onset is more apparent
    • large joints affected ie knees, wrists, elbows
    • rheumatoid factor generally doesn't present in the bloo
  10. sns of dehydration
    • low BP
    • weak pulse
    • fatigue
    • decreased mental function
    • increased HR and body temp
    • pale and cool skin
  11. sns hyponatreima
    • anorexia, nausea, cramps
    • fatigue
    • HA, confusion, seizures
    • decreased BP
  12. sns hypokalemia
    • cardiac arrthymias/arrest
    • anorexia, nausea, constipation
    • fatigue, cramps,
    • shallow respiration
    • excessive urine
  13. sns hyperkalemia
    • arrhytmias, cardiac arrest
    • nausea, diarrhea
    • muscle weakness, LE paralysis initiates
    • paresthesias of fingers, toes, face, tongue
    • oliguria (low urine)
  14. sns hypocalcemia
    • tetany (involuntary muscle spasms)
    • tingling fingers
    • confusion, irritability
    • weak heart contractions, arrhythmia
  15. sns hypercalcemia
    • apathy, lethargy
    • anorexia, nausea, constipation
    • polyuria, thirst
    • kidney stones
    • increased BP
    • arrhythmias
    • prolonged strong cardiac contractions
  16. whats occuring with O2 and CO2 in respiratory acidosis? in alkalosis?
    • acidosis has increased CO2
    • -COPD
    • alkalosis has increased O2
    • -hyperventilation possibley due to head injuries, anxiety, overdose of aspirin
  17. define
    cardiac reserve
    • cardiac reserve: ability of heart to increase output in response to increased demand
    • preload: amount of blood delivered to the heart by venous return
    • afterload: force required to eject blood from the ventricles, determine by peripheral resistance
  18. warning signs of an MI
    • feeling of pressure, heaviness, or burning in the chest especially with increased activity
    • sudden SOB, sweating, weakness, fatigue
    • nausea, indigestion
    • anxiety and fear
Card Set
General Disease/Conditions
Various diseases and conditions not covered well in the program with there dx, sns, etio, and prognosis