Study Notes for Final Exam (Genre):

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  1. Allegory:
    A narrative in which literal meaning corresponds clearly and directly to symbolic meaning. The Pilgrim's Progress, by John Bunyan is an allegory for the spiritual journey from sin to holiness. Parables from the Bible are also considered allegories illustrating Christian morals.
  2. Epic:
    A lengthy narrative poem that describes the deeds of a heroic figure, often of national or cultural importance, in elevated language. Strictly, the term applies only to verse narratives like Homer's Odyssey or Iliad and Virgil's Aeneid, but is use to describe prose, drama, or film works of similar scope, such as Tolstoy's War and Peace or Victor Hugo's Les Miserables
  3. Fiction:
    An invented narrative, as opposed to one that reports true events.
  4. Lyric:
    A short poetic composition that describes the thoughts of a single speaker. Most modern poetry is lyrical (as opposed to dramatic or narrative).
  5. Myth:
    A story about the origins of a culture's beliefs and practices, or of supernatural phenomena, usually derived from oral tradition and set in an imagined supernatural past.
  6. Nonfiction:
    A narrative work that reports true events.
  7. Parody:
    a humorous and often satirical imitation of the style of particular work of another author. Don Quixote parodies the literature of chivalry-elaborate stores about knights; their code of honor, courage, and chastity; and their adventures.
  8. Play:
    A story meant to be performed in a theater before an audience. Most plays are written in dialogue form and are divided into several acts. Many include stage directions and instructions for costumes and sets, which can give added information about characterization.
  9. Prose:
    The ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse (any composition not written in verse.) The basic unit of prose is the sentence.
  10. Verse:
    A poem, or piece of poetry. Collection of lines (as in a Shakespeare play) that follow a regular, rhythmic pattern.
  11. Romance:
    A nonrealistic story, in verse or prose, that features idealized characters, improbably adventures, and exotic settings. Although love often plays a significant role, the association of "romance" with "love" is a modern phenomenon.
  12. Chivalric Romance:
    Tales of courtly love. In such tales, nights exhibit nobility, courage, and respect for their ladies fair, and the ladies exhibit elegance, modesty, and fidelity. Although knights and ladies may fall passionately in love, they eschew immoral behavior. In conflicts between good and evil, justice prevails.
  13. Satire:
    A work that exposes to ridicule the shortcomings of individuals, institutions, or society, ofent to make a political point. Voltaire's Candide satirizes the philosophical teachings of optimism, and the social and political injustices of his time.
  14. Short Story:
    A work of prose fiction that is much shorter than a novel and focused on more tightly on a single event: The Most Dangerous Game, The Red Masque
  15. Tragedy:
    Verse drama written in elevated language in which a noble protagonist falls to ruin during a struggle caused by a flaw in his character or an error in his rulings or judgments.
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Study Notes for Final Exam (Genre):
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