Ch 9

  1. ___ disorders respond more successfully to more kinds of treatment than do most other forms of psychological dysfunction
  2. in the US around ___ of persons with unipolar depression receive treatment from a mental health professh each year
  3. psychodynamic therapists believe that unipolar depression results from ___ grief over real or imagined losses. these therapists seek to bring these underlying issues to ____
    unconscious; consciousness
  4. ____ term psychodynamic therapy is only occasionally helpful in cases of unipolar depression
  5. psychodynamic therapy seems to be of greatest help in cases of depression that clearly involve a history of ____ loss or trauma
  6. in this approach, therapists
    1-reintroduce depressed clients to pleasurable events and activities
    2- appropriately reinforce their depressive and non depressive behaviors 
    3-help them improve their social skills
  7. behaviorists think that depressed behavior keeps people at a distance, and therefore reduces chances for ____ experiences and ____
    rewarding; interactions
  8. this type of therapy systematically ignores a clients depressive behavior while praising or otherwise rewarding constructive statements and behavior
    contingency management approach
  9. behavioral techniques seem to be ____ when just one of them is applied
  10. ___ developed a treatment called cognitive therapy, which is alot like Ellis' rational emotive therapy. but it is tailored to the specific ____ errors found in depression
    Beck; cognitive
  11. cognitive therapy follows four phases:
    1- ___ activities and ____ mood
    2- ____ automatic thoughts
    3- ___ negative thinking and ____
    4- ___ primary attitudes
    • 1- increasing; elevating
    • 2- challenging
    • 3- identifying; biases
    • 4- changing
  12. with cognitive symptoms, about ___ to ____ show a near total elimination of their symptoms
  13. in cognitive therapy: as clients increasingly ___ their negative thoughts for what they are, they can better work around the thoughts
  14. Multi Cultural Treatments:

    these approaches typically include special ____ training of the therapists so that they have a ___ awareness of their clients cultural values and ____
    cultural; heightened; stressors
  15. Family Social Treatments:

    therapists who use family and social approaches to treat depression help clients ____ how they deal with ____ relationships in their lives
    change; close
  16. any of four interpersonal problem areas may lead to depression: interpersonal loss, interpersonal role dispute, interpersonal role transition, and interpersonal deficits
    interpersonal psychotherapy
  17. Four interpersonal problems of Interpersonal Psychotherapy:

    depressed persons may be experiencing a grief reaction over an important _____ loss
  18. Four interpersonal problems of Interpersonal Psychotherapy:

    depressed people may find themselves in the midst of an interpersonal ___ dispute. This occurs when two people have different expectation of their relationships and of the role each should play.
    interpersonal role dispute
  19. Four interpersonal problems of Interpersonal Psychotherapy:

    brought about by major life changes such as divorce or the birth of a child. they may feel overwhelmed by the role changes that accompany the life change
    interpersonal role transition
  20. Four interpersonal problems of Interpersonal Psychotherapy:

    display interpersonal ____, such as extreme shyness or social awkwardness, that prevent them from having intimate relationships
    interpersonal deficits
  21. as many as ___ of all depressed clients may be in a dysfunctional relationship
  22. helps spouses change harmful marital behavior by teaching them specific communication and problem solving skills
    behavioral martial therapy
  23. ___ is used frequently, largely because it is an effective and fast acting intervention for unipolar depression
  24. what does the ECT actually induce!?
    a fucking seizure
  25. today in ECT procedures, patients are given muscle relaxants to minimize convulsions, thus eliminating the danger of ___ or ____
    fractures or dislocations
  26. between ___ and ____ of ECT patients improve
    60 and 80
  27. Antidepressant Drugs:

    MAO inhibitors block MAO from carrying out this activity and stop the destruction of _____. The result is a rise in ____ activity and thus a reduction in depressive symptoms. about ___ of patients who take MAO inhibitors are helped by them.
    norepinephrine; half
  28. a side effect of MAO inhibitors is the rise in ____ ____
    blood pressure
  29. Antidepressant Drugs:

    didnt originally help with schizophrenia but it did help with depression. about ___ to ___ of patients who take ____ are helped by them
    60-65; tricyclics
  30. Antidepressant Drugs:

    If depressed people stop taking tricyclics immediately after obtaining relief, they run a high risk of ____ within a year
  31. Antidepressant Drugs:

    most researchers have concluded that tricyclics reduce depression by acting on neurotransmitter ____ mechanisms
  32. Antidepressant Drugs:

    ____ show higher rates of improvement than MAO inhibitors
  33. Antidepressant Drugs (2nd Gen):

    they increase serotonin activity specifically, without affecting norepinephrine or other neurotransmitters
  34. Antidepressant Drugs (2nd Gen):

    clinicians prefer 2nd gen of anti depressants because it is harder to ____ on them
  35. stimulates the brain and mimics the positive effects of ECT without producing the trauma
    vagus nerve stimulation
  36. another technique that seeks to stimulate the brain without the trauma of ECT. The coil sends a current to the prefrontal cortex.
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  37. treatment procedure for depression in which a pacemaker powers electrodes that have been implanted in Brodmann Area 25, thus stimulating that brain area. significant mood improvements, patients undergoing the procedure report improvements in short term mem too
    deep brain stimulation
  38. although cognitive, cognitive behavioral, interpersonal, and biological therapies are all high effective treatments. They are not relapse proof. as many as __ of the depressed patients who respond to these approaches relapse within a few years
  39. ECT is kinda last resort thing if nothing else works. BUT ___ to ___ of severely depressed people who do not respond to other methods benefit from ECT
  40. good and pretty much only treatment for bi polar disorder.
  41. determining lithium use is a process that requires regular analysis of ____ and pee pee samples to get the right dosage
  42. lithium is mainly used to treat ____ episodes. about ____ of people with mania improve on these medications
    manic; 60
  43. whereas antidepressants affect a neurons initial reception of neurotransmitters, mood stabilizers appear to affect a neurons ___ ____
    second messengers
  44. lithium has been found to increase the production of ______ proteins - key proteins within certain neurons whose job is to prevent cell death
Card Set
Ch 9