Music 1010 Final

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  1. Pitch
    The frequency of how high or low a sound is
  2. Intervol
    the distance between two pitches

    ex.) Doe a deer
  3. Range
    the distance between the lowest or highest notes an instrument or voice can stretch
  4. Octive
    interval between notes of the same name
  5. Accent
    emphazing one note over others by playing it louder
  6. Timbre
    Tone color

    quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another
  7. Rhythm
    the ordered flow of music through time
  8. Beat
    a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
  9. Meter
    the organization of beats into regular groups
  10. Syncopation
    notes being accented between the regular beats of a note. unexpected
  11. Melody
    Horizontal organization of notes that add up to a recognizable whole. Phrases that move.
  12. Legato
    long, smooth notes
  13. Staccato
    short, detached, choppy notes
  14. Phrase
    shorter section of notes
  15. Cadence
    A phrase or that ends with a sense of finality
  16. Harmony
    Vertical organization of notes constructed to fallow each other.
  17. Chords
    2+ notes/tones sounded at once
  18. Triad
    most basic chords
  19. Consonant
    stable, restful chords
  20. Dissonant
    unstable, tense chords
  21. Dynomics
    Level of softness or loudness.

    Piano- soft, Mezzo-medium, forte-loud
  22. Key
    Tonality. The central note, scale, and chord
  23. Modulation
    The shift from one key to another within one composition
  24. Texture
    • ways harmony and melody are intertwined
    • -monophony- one sound, without accompaniment
    • -Polyphonic- two or more sounds of equal interest played at the same time
    • -Homophonic- a single melodic line with one or more accompany parts
  25. Text painting
    music that reflects the literal meaning of a song
  26. Ternary and Binary
    Ternary- ABA

    Binary- AB
  27. Chordophones
  28. Aerophones
  29. Idiophones
    hard and solid that's struck and shaken
  30. Membranophone
    anything with a membrane over it
  31. Basso continuo
    Continuous bass line
  32. Recitative
    a form of "singing speech" in which the rhythm is dictated by the natural inflection of the words
  33. Register
    Relative height or range of a note, set of pitches or pitch classes, part instrument or group of instruments
  34. Nationalism
    use of musical ideas or motifs that are identified with a specific country, region, or ethnicity.

    e.g. folk tunes
  35. Aria
    composition doe solo voice and instrumental accompaniments
  36. Vernacular
    everyday spoken word
  37. Harpsichord vs Pianoforte
    Harpsichord has strings plucked. Used during Renaissance and Baroque Periods.

    Pianoforte was used during the 18- 19 century and led to the modern piano
  38. Neoclassism
    "Back to Bach"
  39. Program music
    Instrumental music associated with a non-music idea, idea often stated in the title or note.
  40. Atonal
    lacking a recognizable tonal center or tonic
  41. Serialism
    Schoenberg's system of arranging the twelve pitches of the chromatic scale in a particular order.
  42. Ragtime
    A composed music of the 1890's, usually for piano
  43. Blues
    A lamenting, melancholy song characterizing by a three-line lyrical pattern in AAB form, a twelve bar harmonic progression, and the frequent use of blue notes.
  44. Improvisation
    the practice of making up music of and performing it on the spot without first having written it down
  45. Call and Response
    A song style (found in many African cultures) in which phrases sung by a leader alternative responding phrases sung by a chorus
  46. Bebop
    A jazz style that emphasizes small ensembles playing very active and complex music
  47. Cool Jazz
    A restrained, controlled jazz style that developed during the late 1940's.
  48. Fusion
    A style a jazz style that developed during the late 1960's that has been influenced by rock music through inclusion of amplified instruments, short riffs, ,and beat subdivisions
  49. Free Jazz
    Post-bebop jazz style that freely changed rhythmic patterns and disposed of repeating melodies in favor of free-flowing, improvised playing.
  50. Impressionism
    19th century artistic movement that sought to capture the visual impression rather than the literal reality of a subject. Debussy, emphasis on mood, atmosphere, sensuous tone colors, elegance, beauty of sound.
  51. Expressionism
    • Artistic school in 20th century that attempted to represent the psychological and emotional aspects of human behavior.
    • ex) starry Night
  52. Symbolism
    A subtle french poetic style from the late 19th century that stressed the sound and color of the sound and color of the words and suggested rather than clearly outlined the meanings or story behind the text
  53. Primitivism
    • Lack of traditional sense perspective, and vivid, unrealistic, colors.
    • ex.) Picasso art
  54. Tutti
    Everything, every musician, playing together
  55. Louis Armstrong
    nicknamed "pops" and "satchmo"
  56. Opera vs Musical Theatre
    Musical theatre is a hybrid form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. The emotional content of the piece – humor, pathos, love, anger – as well as the story itself, is communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated whole. Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score. Opera is part of the Western classical music tradition. Opera incorporates elements of spoken theatre, such as acting, scenery and costumes and sometimes includes dance.
  57. Opera styles of Wagner vs Verdi and Puccini
    The most fundamental difference is that Verdi's operas are traditional 'number' operas (a series of shorter pieces strung together). whereas Wagner's operas are 'through composed' (ie conceived and composed as a long, continuous and largely seamless whole). In addition, Wagner makes substantial use of the 'Leitmotif' - whereby certain musical themes and harmonies are associated with individual characters and locations within the opera, something Verdi did not employ.
  58. A) Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, mvt. 1
    Classical Allegro, normal Symphony instruments
  59. B) Schubert: “Erlkönig”
    Romantic Staccato Notes, German Opera. Solo voice and Piano.
  60. C) Chopin: Nocturne, Op. 9, No. 2
    Romantic Piano Calm, solo, Piano Music. No repeated sections
  61. D) Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique,5 “Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath”
    Romantic Program Music Program Symphony. Slow string part followed by a bumpy wind part.
  62. E) Smetana: “The Moldau”
    Romantic Symphonic Poem.
  63. F) Tchaikovsky: Romeo and Juliet Overture
    Romantic Concert Overture, Sonata with a slow introduction
  64. G) Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E Minor, mvt. 1 Romantic Concerto
    Fast and Passionate
  65. H) Dvorák: Symphony No. 9, mvt. 4
    Romantic Symphony Fast, with fire
  66. I) Puccini: “Si, mi chiamano Mimi” from La Bohème
    Romantic Opera Opera aria, slow, Italian, soprano soloist
  67. J) Wagner: “Grane, My Horse!” and finale from The Twilight of the Gods
    Romantic Opera Soprano and large orchestra, german, no set tempo
  68. K) Debussy: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
    20th Century Impressionism Symphonic Poem,unclear tempo,
  69. L) Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring
    20th Century Primitivism Ballet Music, changing meter,
  70. M) Schoenberg: “Der Mondfleck” from Pierrot Lunaire
    20th Century More talking than singing, chamber music, german, sassy pissed off woman
  71. N) Smith: “Lost Your Head Blues”
    Jazz Classic blues, quadruple meter.
  72. O) Parker: “KoKo”
    Jazz Bebop Jazz, fast tempo,8 bar long solos, trumpet and saxophone
  73. P) Davis: “Miles Runs the Voodoo Down” excerpt
    Jazz Fusion, pretty slow, percussion in the background
  74. Q) Still: Afro-American Symphony, mvt. 1
  75. R) Copland: “Fanfare for the Common Man”
    Jazz Starts out with symbols. Kinda sounds like the Superman Theme sound.
  76. S) Bernstein: “America” from West Side Story
    Jazz Musical maracas. Puerto Rico haters.
  77. The role of a conductor (what s/he does)
    - Keeping the tempo - Queuing the sections of their turn - Controlling dynamics
  78. Sacred vs. secular music
    • Sacred- Music meant for church services, Gregorian chant, and more simplistic for chant syllables.
    • Secular- non-church music, longer phrases and more expressionism.
  79. What city did jazz develop in, and why?
    New Orleans, it was a mix of African and European music, because it was a port city with new people coming from many places in the world and it had a lively nightlife that helped blend many ethnicities.
  80. What instruments make up the rhythm section in a jazz band?
    The bass or drums
  81. What 20th century American pieces (and their respective composers) did we study that were directly influenced by jazz and/or the blues?
    Rhapsody in Blue (Gershwin), Afro-American Symphony (Still)
  82. American musicals developed most directly from what European musical style?
    European Operettas
Card Set
Music 1010 Final
Terms of Music 1010 from the bood "Experience Music"
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