Buddhism Test Review

  1. What three events happened in the early stages of Siddhartha Guatama's life?
    • 1) Miraculous event: Siddhartha came out of his mother's side and at once, strode 7 paces, in which lotus flowers appeared with every step.
    • 2) A wise man prophesized that Siddhartha would become either a great king or a religious leader (if he was exposed to suffering).
    • 3) Siddhartha's father tried to shield him from all suffering because he wanted him to become a great king.
  2. What did Siddhartha's long journey expose him to? What did it all lead to?
    Exposed him to suffering, led to the creation of Buddhism.
  3. What are the four passing sights?
    • A stiff and worn-out old man
    • An ill man in great pain
    • Dead man whose family was weeping
    • A calm and peaceful holy man (ascetic)
  4. What did Siddhartha conclude during his travels?
    That neither his old life of luxury nor the harsh existence of a religious ascetic was the right way to live.
  5. What is the Middle Way?
    A balanced way to live, between luxury and asceticism, developed by Siddhartha Guatama.
  6. How long did Siddhartha meditate for?
    49 days.
  7. Where did the Buddha attain great enlightment?
    Under a Bodhi tree.
  8. Where did Buddha deliver his first sermon?
    The Sarnath deer park of Benares
  9. List the 4 Noble Truths.
    • Dukkha: The Noble Truth of Suffering
    • Samudaya: The Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering
    • Nirodha: The Noble Truth of the Extinction of Suffering
    • Magga: The Noble Truth of the Path Leading to the Extinction of Suffering
  10. Explain Dukkha.
    Life is full of suffering and unhappiness. Although there are passing pleasures, they vanish in time.
  11. Explain Samudaya.
    People suffer for one simple reason: they desire things, and that desire is never satisfied. Wanting deprives us of contentment. We are greedy.
  12. Explain Nirodha.
    It is possible to end suffering if one is aware of her or her own desires and puts an end to them, through giving up useless cravings and learning to leave each day at a time. With this awareness, we will have more time and energy to help others and this will lead to Nirvana.
  13. Explain Magga.
    By changing one's thinking and behaviour, a new awakening can be reached - this is called the middle way and can be followed in the eightfold path.
  14. List all the Eightfold Paths.
    • Right Understanding/View: making the commitment to living in such a way that suffering can end.
    • Right Thought: is learning the nature of reality and the truth about life.
    • Right Speech: is speaking the truth in a helpful, compassionate way.
    • Right Conduct/Action: is living a life consistent with our values.
    • Right Livelihood/Work: is earning and living in a way that doesn't hurt others.
    • Right Effort: is making sure your efforts are constructive and not destructive.
    • Right Mindfulness: is recognizing the value of the moment; being mindful of who we are and what we come from.
    • Right Concentration: is expanding our consciousness through meditation.
  15. What are the 3 Marks of Existence?
    • Anatta: "No-Self"
    • Anicca: Impermanence
    • Dukkha: Suffering
  16. What are the 3 Jewels?
    The Buddhist Creed; the BUddha, the dharma, and the sangha.
  17. Explain Anatta.
    • Anatta means there is no ultimate reality within, no essence underlying existence, no soul
    • Our self is continually evolving and changing
  18. Explain Anicca
    The recognition that all things are impermanent and nothing is static. We try to cling to some notion of permanency and ignore impermanence, and that contributes to our dissatisfaction and suffering in life. The world is constantly changing, and so is the self.
  19. Explain Dukkha (mark of existence).
    Fundamental aspect of our lives. Any happiness we have in life is prone to change due to suffering and impermanenece. This suffering comes from craving for pleasure, our attachment to life's pleasure, and a wish to avoid pain.
  20. What are the 5 Precepts that all Buddhists are expected to follow?
    • 1. Do not take life.
    • 2. Do not take what is not given.
    • 3. Do not engage in sensuous misconduct.
    • 4. Do not use false speech.
    • 5. Do not drink intoxicants.
  21. What are the 5 Precepts that Buddhists monks are to follow?
    • 1. Do not eat after noon.
    • 2. Do not watch dancing or shows.
    • 3. Do not use garlands, perfumes, or ornaments.
    • 4. Do not use a high or soft bed.
    • 5. Do not accept gold or silver.
  22. How many rules are there for Buddhist monks to follow?
  23. How many rules are there for Buddhist nuns to follow?
  24. What are the 5 Values that Buddhists are expected to maintain?
    • Self-determination
    • Mindfulness
    • Compassion
    • Loving-kindness
    • Detachment
  25. Divisions of Buddhism: Theravada
    • "The Way of the Elders"
    • follows the earliest texts and tends to agree with the original teaches of Buddha
    • regards the Buddha as he who experienced enlightment and then taught others how to do the same
    • focuses most on the teachings
    • final aim is to enter nirvana
  26. Divisions of Buddhism: Mahayana
    • "The Great Vehicle"
    • the form of Buddhism for the masses; largest division of Buddhism
    • focuses on the Buddha himself, celebrating him as a divine saviour
    • offers salvation through the infinite grace of the compassionate Buddha
    • opens the doors to religious devotion and prayer
  27. What are Bodhisattvas?
    "Buddhas in the making" - capable of entering nirvana but are motivated by compassion to help others achieve it
  28. Branches of Buddhism: Vajrayana
    • Tibetan Buddhism: "The Vehicle of the Diamond"
    • focuses on the belief that its adherents can attain nirvana in this lifetime
    • constinutes a small minority of Buddhists, but is of special interest
  29. What are the Tripitakas? (3 Baskets)
    • 1. Vinaya Pitaka
    • 2. Sutta Pitaka
    • 3. Abhidamma Pitaka
  30. Explain Vinaya Pitaka
    Rules of conduct for monks and nuns.
  31. Explain Sutta Pitaka
    A large collection of the Buddha's teachings
  32. Explain Abhidamma Pitaka
    Explanations of the Buddhist view on laws of nature and the mind
  33. Define nirvana
    Total cessation of suffering, and thus is absolute peace.
  34. Define arhat
    One who has become enlightened.
  35. Define mandalas.
    Patterned icons that visually excite.
  36. Define mudras.
    Choreographed hand movements that draw on energies of movement.
  37. Define mantras.
    Chaints that harness the spiritual potency of sound.
  38. Define Dalai Lama
    Spiritual leader of the Tibetan people
  39. Vesak (Buddhist Day)
    • Birthday of the Buddha and most important festival in Buddhism
    • Held on the first full moon day in May
    • Celebrate the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha in a single day
  40. Dhamma Day (Asalha Puja Day)
    • Observed on the full moon day of July
    • Commemmorates the "turning of the wheel of the Dharma" which is the Buddha's first sermon at the Sarnath Deer Park
  41. The Festival of the Tooth
    • Great temple in Sri Lanka holds the Buddha's tooth
    • Once a year in August, on a full moon night, there is a procession for it
  42. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Concept of God
    • Buddhists have the Buddha whom is a great religious leader, but is seen as more of a concept; the perfect wisdom that understands dharma and sees reality in its true form.
    • Catholics have God, creator of all life and underlying unity of everything
  43. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Founder
    • Buddhists: Siddhartha Guatama
    • Catholics: Jesus Christ
  44. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Belief about life and death
    • Buddhists: When a person dies, they are reborn and this process of death and rebirth will continue until Nirvana is attained
    • Catholics: When we die, we go to Heaven to be with God.
  45. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Teachings
  46. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Suffering
  47. Compare/Contrast between Buddhism and Catholicism: Monastic Traditions
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Buddhism Test Review