1. Early Forms of Entertainment
  2. Pre-History
    Bone flutes, rasps, music is used in burial rites.
  3. Ancient Egypt
    Sophisticated instrument- music for festivals and religious rites. Plays that satirize the gods.
  4. Ancient Rome
    Festivals, circus, gladiator combats, greek passion plays, roman theater, baths.
  5. Middle Ages
    - Grand feasts, jousts, troubadors, minstrels.
  6. Elizabethan
    Theatre music and Court music enhanced by Shakespeare playwrights
  7. Victorian
    - Popular symphonies, Classical composers.
  8. Modern Forms of Entertainment
    • 20s- 30s-        Flapper era
    • 40s-               Swing era & Be Bop Jazz
    • 50s-               Jazz & Rock’n’Roll
    • 60s-               Rock & Protest era
    • 70s-               Disco era
    • 80s-               Glam rock & Techno
  9. 1877
    - Edison patents the phonograph.
  10. 1887
    - Emile Berliner creates flat disk gramophone.
  11. 1920s-
    Radio stations interfere w/ each other causing creation of Radio act of 1927 established  (later becomes FCC).
  12. 1927
    - Philo Farnsworth: Demonstrates first TV tube. (Cathode-ratube or CRT).
  13. 1939
    • - Commercial TV debuts-- NYs World Fair.
    • -200 tv sets pick up signal

    -Experimental stations broadcast for several years prior.
  14. 1940s
    - LP (long play)-Recorded vinyl invented.
  15. 1945
    - WWII ends (TV rapidly gains popularity).
  16. 1948
    • - 4 major networks
    • - Most programming  originates from radio.
    • -Cable tv-created when an appliance store owner offers to run wire from his store antenna to costumers house to ensure clear reception.
  17. 1950s
    - Les Paul develops mulitrack recording.
  18. 1951
    • - I Love Lucy premiers.
    • -Dezi Arnaz creates “3 camera shoot”.
  19. 1980s
    - Digital Revolution- (CD + DAW software based recording).
  20. 2000
    - Digital TV broadcast (netflix).
  21. Modern TYPES of Entertainment
    • T.V.-  Top usage (over 1600 hours). Network television failing to cable and satellite.
    • Radio- Still going strong. 2nd largest means of entertainment expanding into satellite and streaming.
    • Recorded Music- Sales of CDs/Albums reduced. Internet sale, streaming taking over.
    • Video Games- Rising since 2000 due to improved graphics and online gaming.
    • Film- Prominent prestigious attendance is failing to home viewing.
  22. David Sarnoff
    - Envisioned “point to masses” development of broadcast. Becomes General Manager of RCA.
  23. Guglielmo Marconi
    - invented first wireless telegraph
  24. Hertz/ Tesla/ Maxwell
    - All credited to early experiments and discovery of electromagnetic ‘radio’ waves.
  25. Reginald Fessenden
    - Responsible for first broadcast of voice via radio.
  26. Lee De Forrest
    - Responsible for audio tube which made reception and broadcast of music possible.
  27. Edward Armstrong
    - Created “regeneration” which increased distance and fidelity (later became amplification). Super heterodyne launched RCA.
  28. FCC
    - (Federal Communications Commission) license and monitor broadcast stations of all kind.
  29. AM
    - Amplitude modulation.
  30. FM
    - Frequency modulation.
  31. Oligopoly
    - Market situation in which few producers effect but does not control a market.
  32. 360-degree deals
    • - Labels share revenue from multiple sources
    • - record sales,
    • -touring,
    • -merchandise
    • -promotional tie-ins.
  33. Television 
  34. Episodic Television
    • - Shot like a movie.   
    • Establishing shot- Long distance aerial shot to show where the events are taking place.          
    • Wide shot-general area.          
    • Two-shot- Medium shot with principle characters.          
    • Over the shoulder- Action + reaction of characters          
    • Close up- Selected lines are shot
  35. Talk/Game Show Television
    - In studio filming, normally done with Multiple Camera shoots.
  36. Production Professionals Unique to Television
  37. Production Professionals Unique to Television
    • Script Supervisor- notes all takes and supervises continuity.
    • Switcher- person responsible for switching between cameras
    • Audio mixer- responsible for balancing levels of all audio signals.
    • Floor Director- calls shots to camera men, switcher and audio mixer.
    • Boom op- Holds microphone above actors during performance.
  38. Production Professionals Unique to Radio
    • Board Op- Ensures all levels are balanced and audio equipment is working correctly.
    • Radio Host- A radio personality which announces upcoming songs or news.
    • Program Manager- Orchestrates timing of commercials, announcements and music.
    • Music Director- Song and playlist selection. (radio host)
    • General Manager- Oversees other positions to manage entire team process.
Card Set
Rec100 study material for citrus college recording technology prerequisite.