BC Science 10 Chapter 1

  1. Abiotic means?
    Give an example
    Relations to non-living parts of an environment such as sunlight, soil, moisture, and temperature
  2. Adaptation means?
    Give an example
    Characteristics that enable organisms to better survive and reproduce
  3. Biome means?
    The largest division of the biosphere, which includes large regions with similar biotic and abiotic components
  4. Biotic means?
    Give an example
    Relating to living organisms such as plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria
  5. Climate means?
    The average conditions of the atmosphere, like precipitation, temperature, and humidity. In a large region over 30 years or more
  6. Climatograph means?
    A graph showing the climate data for a specific region. Obtained over 30 years
  7. Commensalism means?
    Give an example
    • A symbolic relationship in which one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped.
    • ie. humpback whales and barnacles
  8. Competition means?
    Give an example
    • A harmful interaction between two or more organisms that can occur when organisms compete for the same resource(food) at the same place and time.
    • ie coyotes hunting for food
  9. Ecosystem means?
    A part of a biome where abiotic components work with biotic components
  10. Mutualism means?
    Give an example
    • A symbolic relationship between two organisms in which both organisms benefit
    • ie. bumblebees collecting pollen for snapdragons
  11. Niche means?
    The special role an organism plays in an ecosystem including the way it contributes to and fits into its environment.
  12. Parasitism means?
    Give an example
    • A symbolic relationship in which one species benefits and the other is harmed.
    • ie. hookworms and dogs
  13. Predation means?
    Give an example
    • Predator-prey interactions in which one organism (the predator) eats all or part of another organism (the prey)
    • ie. lynx and snowshoe hare
  14. What are the major biomes in Canada?
    The major biomes in Canada are the Boreal Forests and Tundra
  15. What are two abiotic factors that influence the characteristics of biomes?
    Temperature, precipitation, latitude, elevation, and ocean currents
  16. How does temperature change with latitude?
    The temperature change with latitude goes with where you are from the equator. The equator is hottest, and North and South slowly get cooler.
  17. How does precipitation change with latitude?
    There is more rain at the equator due to the heat, while the farther away from the equator, the cooler the temperature, meaning less rain fall.
  18. How can the temperate rainforest be in two different areas of the world?
    The ocean currents bring warm water around the world, moving the water temperature. As well, both biome areas have similar temperature and precipitation.
  19. What are the three types of adaptations?
    Structural, physiological, and behavioral
  20. What is the biosphere?
    The entire earth
  21. What factors influence the characteristics and distribution of life in a terrestrial biome?
    Temperature, precipitation, latitude, elevation, and ocean currents
  22. How are plants adapted to survive a short growing season?
    Plants are adapted to survive a short growing season by using water and photosynthesis to the max of their abilities.
  23. Why are temperate rainforest biomes found along coastlines?
    The ocean currents cause rain, but the mountains block the rain from moving out of that area.
  24. How does latitude influence temperature and precipitation?
    Closer to the equator, more heat. Farther away it gets colder
  25. What is a habitat?
    A habitat is the place an organism lives
  26. What abiotic factors are important for supporting life?
    Water, nutrients, and light
  27. Why is soil important to ecosystems?
    Provides nutrients to living things
  28. What is a species?
    Group of closely related organisms that can repopulate with each other
  29. What is a population?
    Members of a particular species
  30. What is a community?
    All the populations of different species interacting
  31. What is symbiosis?
    Interaction between different species
  32. What is the ecological hierarchy?
    The order in which parts of an ecosystem are catagorized
  33. Why are hosts often not killed in parasitic relationships?
    Hosts are kept alive for food and life
Card Set
BC Science 10 Chapter 1
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