The Early Renaissance artist is considered the “Father of the Early Modern Period” because of his introduction of naturalism into his art.
Dürer’s Adam and Eve conveys his admiration for the _______ style.
The _________________ was characterized by a renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman art and design and included an emphasis on human beings, their environment, science, and philosophy.
The Early Italian Renaissance took root and flourished most successfully in the city of _______.
True or False: One of the main social beliefs of the Renaissance is the ability to separate intellectual inquiry from matters of faith--the ability to be a good Christian and also study the pagan classics.
Brunelleschi was one of the pioneers in the development of a system to create the illusion
of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, a system called linear _______.
Leonardo’s Madonna of the Rocks portrays a Mary who is __________.
"human" and "real"
The School of Athens
During the latter years of the fifteenth century in Italy, a painter who used the model
Simonetta Vespucci for his Venus is ______.
Dissatisfaction with the leadership and policies of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Protestant Reformation. In response, the Catholic Church initiated the ___________.
___________ was a style that rejected the calm balance and contained art of the High Renaissance
in favor of emotion and distortion.
Peter Paul Rubens
Spans roughly the years from 1600 to 1750
___________ is the element that is probably the unifying theme of the formal changes in the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque.
T or F: Among the general characteristics of Baroque art are a sense of movement, energy, and tension (whether real or implied).
________ spirituality is often present in works of baroque art; in the Roman Catholic countries, for example, scenes of ecstasies, martyrdoms, or miraculous apparitions are not common.
_________'s David is a perfect example of Baroque style: which combines space, a sense of movement, energy, tension and theatrical spirituality.
The artist __________’s unidealized figures and naturalistic treatment of subject matter influenced many later artists throughout Europe, and changed the manner painting was executed.
Italian Baroque artist who acquired a lengthy police record for such things as attacking a man with a sword, carrying weapons without a permit, and breaking windows was ________
Among the foremost painters of the Italian Baroque was Artemisia _________, the daughter of a successful
Peter Paul ___________, a much sought-after painter, was also an ambassador and diplomat.
The Spanish Baroque artist Diego __________ is considered the
The principal exponent of the Classical style in French Baroque painting was _______.
When considering modernity and modern art the key component to this movement began as a direct outgrowth and reflection of the ___________.
The painting The Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis_____________________ depicts the Neoclassical elements of heroism, idealism,rationality, truth, reason, and logic.
The Neoclassical Period is also thought of as the Age of _____________.
The return to the classical style of the Neoclassical period wasbased upon the excavations of ___________________ which began in 1748.
Pompeii and Herculaneum
Romanticism believed in the notion that ______________, and theyalso valued sincere feeling and honest emotions.
Feeling is All
Eugène Delacroix’s painting __________________________________, probably best exemplifies the common notion of romantic art.
Death of Sardanapalus
The invention of __________________ shortly before themid-century was a significant milestone, as it altered the public perceptionsof “reality.”
The painting The Artist's Studio by Gustave________________________ epitomizes the style of realism.
The first woman artist to receive the Légion d’Honneur (1865)
T or F: Modern artists wanted to depict the modern world and modernpeople of their day.
Edouard __________________________ borrowed the composition for his painting Luncheon on the Grass from Raimondi’s engraving The Judgment of Paris.
James McNeill Whistler’s portrait painting of his mother is titled _________________________________.
Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Artist's Mother
The term Impressionism was derived from Claude_______________________’s painting Impression: Sunrise.
________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centurystyle of art characterized by the attempt to capture the fleeting effects of light by means of painting in short strokes of pure color.
________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centuryart style that relies on the gains made by Impressionists in terms of the useof color and spontaneous brushwork, but which uses these elements as expressivedevices.
____________________________ is a modern school of art in whichan emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration,and violent, hallucinatory imagery.
Vincent Van Gogh’spainting Starry Night is an excellent example of ______________________.
The Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
The author of "Concerning the Spiritual in Art" was _________________________. "
"Wild Beasts" A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
What set the ________________________ apart from their nineteenth-century predecessors was their use of harsh, non-descriptive unnatural color, bold liner patterning, and a distorted form of perspective.
The Bridge Group (Die Brücke) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
Strong influence of African, Oceanic, and Iberian art A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
________________________ is a group of artists that wanted to break up the image into geometric elements, and to have multiple viewpoints with no perspective, in other words to deconstruct objects.
Picasso’s Les Demoiselle’s d’Avignon is an excellent example of _________________.
When Braque and Picasso began pasting bits of printed matter or other things in their Cubist paintings, they called the process papier collé, what we now call ________________.
Duchamp A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
______________________ can be thought of in terms of a diverse level of creativity formed from movement, energy, destruction and mass confusion, which also used anarchist and fascist tendencies. A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism
The painting The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
The ready-made A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
Intense interest in the reality of the dream state A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism
The __________________________ Show brought Modern Art to the American public.
One of Picasso's most powerful works of protest is a painting he did in 1937 to broadcast to the world the brutality of the German bombing of the Basque town of _________________________.
One of the 1st modern artists to achieve total abstraction in sculpture was A. Duchamp B. Brancusi C. Kandinsky
Post World War II European artists could NOT move away from death: burning, disfigured, and decaying flesh—as seen in _____________’s Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef. However American artists turned inward and reflected an inner world—in other words the extension of the artist—how the artist feels—as seen in Jackson Pollock’s One (Number 31, 1950) 1950.
Walked across canvases dripping and splashing paint A. Gorky B. Hofmann C. Pollock D. De Kooning E. Krasner
3. ___________’s painting One (Number 31, 1950) is an example of Abstract Expressionism, which is also termed action painting.
________________________ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract imagery, and fields of intense color. A. Spontaneous Combustion B. Abstract Expressionism C. Intense Colorism
Color Field Painting can be considered as depicting the __________ of color
Mark _____________’s Blue, Orange, Red is an example of Color Field Painting. A. Rothko B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol
To combat a trend of male-dominated art shows in major museums and galleries, appeared in public in masks as "conscience of the art world" and mounted huge posters of protest. A. Kruger B. Mendieta C. Snyder D. Guerrilla Girls
D. Guerilla Girls
British, one of the originators of Pop art. A. Neel B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol
__________ introduced a kind of construction referred to as combine painting in which stuffed animals, bottles, articles of clothing and furniture, and scraps of photographs are attached to the canvas.
Pop Art can also be coined as the art that embodies A. The Enlightenment B. Consumer culture C. Expressionists D. Guerrilla Girls
An excellent example of Pop Art is Andy ________’s Green Coca-Cola Bottles.
Modernist art emphasizes the accord and autonomous aspect of an artist and a work of art, whereas __________________ art emphasizes the fusion of the work of art and its intricate interconnectedness to its milieu. A. Neo-Expressionist B. Post-Modernist C. Post-Fusionist
T or F: Pluralism in the arts is the inclusion of not just a white, male master, rather exploring and embracing women artists, artists of color, non-western art, and folk art.
As we consider works of art in the 21st century, we will add to our critical rubric concepts such as: a. hybridity. b. all of these choices. c. high art and low culture. d. appropriation. e. post-colonialism.
B. All choices
An artist whose work embraces the concept of hybridity includes: a. Vik Muniz. b. Takashi Murakami. c. Jeff Koons. d. Hew Locke.
B. takashi murakami
_________, like Andy Warhol, questions the separation of high art and low culture in his manipulation of ordinary, familiar (and cheaply produced) objects, as seen in his work Elephant.
________'s diamond-encrusted skull fits with the artist's penchant for anatomy and sensation.a. Alexandre Arrechea b. Miguel Luciano c. Enrique Chagoya d. Jean Desert e. Damien Hirst
Sarah Lucas' The Fag Show was inspired by the artist's conquest of her addiction to: a. all of these choices. b. alcohol. c. drugs and alcohol. d. drugs. e. tobacco.
In recent years, Anselm Kiefer has turned his attention to monumental sculptures, such as: a. Camouflage Church. b. Still from Passage. c. For the Love of God. d. Sonnenschiff. e. Self-Pieta.
Shirin Neshat’s film Passage was commissioned by the world composer ________. a. Subodh Gupta b. Zaha Hadid c. Emily Jacir d. Philip Glass e. Adi Nes
Among the 21st century women architects to become infamous includes:a. Shirin Neshat. b. Emily Jacir. c. Zaha Hadid. d. Sarah Lucas. e. Prajakta Palav Aher.
As an African American woman artist, __________ has experienced much of her life in terms of black and white, and produces much of her art in this dichotomous palette, such as her work Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On), which recounts some grisly events taken from the history of slavery in the United States.
T or F: Artists throughout the world today, are more than ever, influenced by their knowledge of what is happening in the political world at large, and by their awareness of the art world all around them—past and present.