1. What fitz always burns, freckles, never tans... These individuals do not usually have problems with pigmentation and tolerate peels well.  However, may hold more redness after laser resurfacing.  They're Celtic, English and Northern European
    Fitzpatrick type I
  2. What fitz normally burns, freckles, tans with difficulty... Good candidates for aggressive peels and laser resurfacing.  They're Nordic, Ashkenazi Jewish, Canadian and Alaskan Eskimo.
    Fitzpatrick type II
  3. What Fitz sometimes burns, but will tan... Pre-treat this skin type for hyperpigmentation with tyrosinase inhibitors prior to an aggresive treatment.  They're Jewish, Central Eastern European, Southern European, Mediterranean and Maori NZ?
    Fitzpatrick type III
  4. What Fitz rarely burns... special consideration to the type of treatments must be observed to aoid post-treatment inflammatory hyperpigmentation.  They're Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Thai Vietnamese, Filipino, Polynesian, Central/South American Indian, Indian, Hispanic and Native American.
    Fitzpatrick type IV
  5. What Fitz very rarely burns... Scar easily and prone to keloids (raised worm-like scars).  They're East-West African, Eritrea and Ethiopian, North African and Middle East Arabic.
    Fitzpatrick type V
  6. What Fitz does not burn... Can hypopigment, hyperpigment and keloid.  Light exfoliation with low percentage of performance ingredient.  Avoid over brushing, vacuuming and microdermabrasion.  These manipulations could result in hyperpigmnetation.  They're East-West African, Eritrea and Ethiopian and North African.
    Fitzpatrick type VI
  7. What Glogau classification has no wrinkles (you see no wrinkles, at rest or while moving.  Early photoaging, minimal to no wrinkles??
    Glogau type I
  8. What Glogau classification has wrinkles in motion - you see them only when the person is talking, laughing, frowning, etc.  Early to moderate photoaging.
    Glogau type II
  9. What Glogau classification has wrinkles at rest - you see the wrinkles when the person is not moving.  Advance photoaging
    Glogau type III
  10. What Glogau classification has wrinkles as predominant characteristics - you see only wrinkles.  Severe photoaging.
    Glogau type IV
  11. How are skin types determined?
  12. What are the different skin types?
    Dry, Normal, Combination, Oily and Sensitive
  13. What skin type is alipidic - lacks oil not water, small follicles, needs extra care, more sensitive, texture can be rough and tight, stimulating oil production and protecting the surface is imperative, occlusive products are recommended.
    Dry skin
  14. Dry skin lacks what?
  15. Dehydrated skin lacks what?
  16. What skin type has good oil-water balance, follicles are normal size and are not that visible toward the cheeks or outside of the face, maintenace and prevention are the goals with this skin type.
    Normal skin
  17. What skin type can be both oily and dry or oily and normal at the same time, t-zone is oilier, outter face is normal to dry, requires more care than normal, proper maintenance required and attaining the oil-water balance is your goal, water based products work best and avoid harsh products.
    Combination skin
  18. What skin type is characterized by excess sebum, follicles are larger and contain more oil, requires more cleansing and exfoliation, prone to blemishes, appears thicker and sallow, blemishes and comedones are common, proper maintenance is required and the goal is to balance the BARRIER FUNCTION.
    Oily skin
  19. What skin type is fragile, thin and has redness, flushes easily, not as visible on dark skin, easily irritated by products and heat or sun exposure, couperose skin is noticeable, can be a result of age and medication, may have low tolerance to products and stimulation, avoid irritating products and procedures and the goals are to soothe, calm and protect.
    Sensitive skin
  20. What is used to measure the skin types ability to tolerate sun exposure, beneficial when determining treatments and products for clients and is only a guideline...
    The Fitzpatrick Scale
  21. What helps us to consider histological depth of skin changes and where damage is present?
    Rubin Classification
  22. What grade of acne has minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, some closed comedones, and a few papules?
    Acne Grade I
  23. What grade of acne has many closed comedones, more open comedones, and occasional papules and pustules?
    Acne Grade II
  24. What grade of acne is red and inflamed, many comedones, papules, and pustules?
    Acne Grade III
  25. What grade of acne has cystic acne, cysts with comedones, papules, pustules and inflammation are present... Scare formation from tissue damage is common.
    Acne Grade IV
  26. What stage of Rosacea (Kligman Classification) has erythema in the areas of the nasalabial folds, cheeks, glabellum... Skin seems to itch and burn in the presence of cosmetics and is most commonly seen in the spa?
    Stage 1
  27. What stage of Rosacea (Kligman Classification) has inflamation, pastules, papules, and pores seem larger.  Condition may spread over other parts of the face, hairline, and chin.  The goal is to calm and sooth the skin to lower its surface temperatures and reduce bacteria on the skin.
    Stage 2
  28. What stage of Rosacea (Kligman Classification) has large nodules present, skin has an orange-peel look/texture and coarse appearance.  Clients should be referred to a physician.
    Stage 3
  29. What are some internal factors that affect the skin?
    Stress, lifestyle and attitude.
  30. What are some external factors that affect the skin?
    Sun damage, tanning beds, environmental exposure, product misuse, poor maintenance, etc.
  31. Abbreviation for LEFT
  32. Abbreviation for RIGHT
  33. Abbreviation for BILATERAL
  34. Abbreviation for SUPERIOR
  35. Abbreviation for INFERIOR
  36. Abbreviation for MEDIAL
  37. Abbreviation for LATERAL
  38. Abbreviation for MILD
  39. Abbreviation for MODERATE
  40. Abbreviation for SEVERE
  41. Abbreviation for NORMAL
  42. Abbreviation for INFLAMATION
  43. Abbreviation for ERYTHEMA
  44. Abbreviation for INCREASE
  45. Abbreviation for DECREASE
  46. Abbreviation for EVERY
  47. Abbreviation for PATIENT/CLIENT
Card Set
SKIN ANALYSIS Chapter 12 (F) and Chapter 11 (A)