EMS Exam 4 Vocab

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  1. LossĀ of skin as a result of a body part being rubbed or scraped across a rough or hard surface.
  2. Severe shock caused by an allergic reaction to food, medicine, or insect stings.
    anaphylactic shock
  3. Serious bleeding from an artery in which blood frequently pulses or spurts from an open wound.
    arterial bleeding
  4. The two upper chambers of the heart.
  5. An injury in which a piece of skin is either torn completely loose from all of its attachments or is left hanging as a flap.
  6. The pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the arteries.
    blood pressure
  7. Pressure point located in the arm between the elbow and the shoulder; also used in taking blood pressure and for checking the pulse in infants.
    brachial artery pressure point
  8. Injury caused by a blunt object striking the body and crushing the tissue beneath the skin. Also called a contusion.
  9. Bleeding from the capillaries in which blood oozes from the open wound.
    capillary bleeding
  10. Shock resulting from inadequate functioning of the heart.
    cardiogenic shock
  11. Burns that occur when any toxic substance comes in contact with the skin. Most chemical burns are caused by strong acids or alkalis.
    chemical burns
  12. Injury in which soft-tissue damage occurs beneath the skin but there is no break in the surface of the skin.
    closed wound
  13. Heart disease characterized by breathlessness, fluid retention in the lungs, and generalized swelling of the body.
    congestive heart failure (CHF)
  14. A triangular swathe of cloth that is used to hold a body part splinted against the body
  15. Object placed directly on a wound to control bleeding and prevent further contamination.
  16. Burns caused by contact with high- or low-voltage electricity. have an entrance and an exit wound.
    electrical burns
  17. Point where an injurious object such as a bullet enters the body.
    entrance wound
  18. Point where an injurious object such as a bullet passes out of the body.
    exit wound
  19. Pressure point located in the groin, where the femoral artery is close to the skin.
    femoral artery pressure point
  20. Burns that extend through the skin and into or beyond the underlying tissues; the most serious class of burn.
    full-thickness burns
  21. A puncture wound caused by a bullet or shotgun pellet.
    gunshot wound
  22. Excessive bleeding.
  23. To reduce or prevent movement of a limb, usually by splinting.
  24. An object such as a knife, splinter of wood, or glass that penetrates the skin and remains in the body.
    impaled object
  25. Fluids other than blood or blood products infused into the vascular system to maintain an adequate circulatory blood volume.
    intravenous (IV) fluids
  26. An irregular cut or tear through the skin.
  27. An injury that affects more than one body system.
    multi-system trauma
  28. An airtight dressing or bandage for a wound.
    occlusive dressing
  29. Injury that breaks the skin or mucous membrane.
    open wound
  30. Burns in which the outer layers of skin are burned; these burns are characterized by blister formation.
    partial-thickness burns
  31. Trouser-like devices placed around a shock victim's legs and abdomen and inflated with air.
    pneumatic antishock garments (PASGs)
  32. Points where a blood vessel lies near a bone; pressure can be applied to these points to help control bleeding.
    pressure points
  33. Commonly known as fainting; caused by a temporary reduction in blood supply to the brain.
    psychogenic shock
  34. A wound resulting from a bullet, knife, ice pick, splinter, or any other pointed object.
  35. An acute viral infection of the central nervous system transmitted by the bite of an infected animal.
  36. Burn to the respiratory system resulting from inhaling superheated air.
    respiratory burn
  37. An abrasion caused by sliding on pavement. Usually seen after motorcycle or bicycle accidents.
    road rash
  38. A way to calculate the amount of body surface burned; the body is divided into sections, each of which constitutes approximately 9% or 18% of the total body surface area.
    rule of nines
  39. Salt water.
  40. A state of collapse of the cardiovascular system; the state of inadequate delivery of blood to the organs of the body.
  41. A means of immobilizing an injured part by using a rigid or soft support.
  42. A nosebleed with no apparent cause.
    spontaneous nosebleed
  43. Burn in which only the superficial part of the skin has been injured; an example is a sunburn.
    superficial burn
  44. Burn caused by heat; the most common type of burn.
    thermal burn
  45. External bleeding from a vein, characterized by steady flow; the bleeding may be profuse and life threatening.
    venous bleeding
  46. The two lower chambers of the heart.
  47. Breathing using only the diaphragm.
    abdominal breathing
  48. The upper portion of the upper extremity; from the shoulder to the elbow.
  49. A clear, watery, straw-colored fluid that fills the space between the brain and spinal cord and their protective coverings.
    cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  50. A fracture in which the overlying skin has not been damaged.
    closed fracture
  51. Injury where there is bleeding and/or swelling within the skull.
    closed head injury
  52. Disruption of a joint so that the bone ends are no longer in alignment.
  53. A chest injury in which three or more ribs are broken in two or more places, resulting in the injured part of the chest moving in the opposite direction from the rest of the chest.
    flail chest
  54. The lower portion of the upper extremity; from the elbow to the wrist.
  55. The place where two bones come in contact with each other.
  56. The lower portion of the lower extremity; from the knee to the foot.
  57. The means by which a traumatic injury occurs.
    mechanism of injury
  58. Any fracture in which the overlying skin has been damaged.
    open fracture
  59. Abnormal brittleness of the bones in older people caused by loss of calcium; affected bones fracture easily.
  60. Inability of a conscious person to move voluntarily.
  61. Splint made from firm materials such as wood, aluminum, or plastic.
    rigid splint
  62. Sudden episode of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain.
  63. A bandage or material that helps to support the weight of an injured upper extremity.
  64. A splint made from supple material that provides gentle support.
    soft splint
  65. A joint injury in which the joint is partially or temporarily dislocated and some of the supporting ligaments are either stretched or torn.
  66. The upper portion of the lower extremity; from the hip joint to the knee.
  67. A splint that holds a lower extremity fracture in alignment by applying a constant, steady pull on the extremity.
    traction splint
  68. A wound or injury, either physical or psychological.
  69. The distal or terminal ending of the gastrointestinal tract.
  70. The amniotic fluid-filled sac that surrounds the fetus before birth.
    bag of waters
  71. The vagina and the lower part of the uterus.
    birth canal
  72. The bloody mucous plug that is discharged from the vagina when labor begins.
    bloody show
  73. A delivery in which the infant's buttocks appear first rather than the head.
    breech presentation
  74. Muscular movements of the uterus that push the infant out of the birth canal.
  75. Appearance of the infant's head during a contraction as it is pushed outward through the birth canal.
  76. A pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube; usually terminates with the rupture of the fallopian tube.
    ectopic pregnancy
  77. A developing infant in the uterus or womb.
  78. The process of delivering an infant.
  79. Delivery of the fetus before it is mature enough to survive outside the womb (about 20 weeks), from either natural (spontaneous abortion) or induced causes.
  80. Life-support system of the fetus (commonly called the afterbirth).
  81. Infants delivered before 36 weeks of gestation or who weigh less than 5 pounds at birth.
    premature infants
  82. A condition in which the umbilical cord appears before the infant does; the infant's head may compress the cord and cut off all circulation.
    prolapsed umbilical cord
  83. Aspirating (sucking out) fluid by mechanical means.
  84. Ropelike attachment between the pregnant woman and fetus; nourishment and waste products pass to and from the fetus and the woman through this cord.
    umbilical cord
  85. Muscular organ that holds and nourishes the developing fetus.
    uterus (womb)
  86. The opening through which the infant emerges.
  87. An acute spasm of the smaller air passages that results in narrowing and inflammation of these passages. It is marked by labored breathing and wheezing.
  88. A series of manual thrusts to the chest to relieve upper airway obstruction; used in the treatment of infants, pregnant women, or extremely obese people.
    chest-thrust maneuver
  89. Inflammation and narrowing of the air passages in young children, causing a barking cough, hoarseness, and a harsh, high-pitched breathing sound.
  90. Submersion in water that results in suffocation or respiratory impairment.
  91. Severe inflammation and swelling of the epiglottis; a life-threatening situation.
  92. A disease manifested by seizures, caused by an abnormal focus of electrical activity in the brain.
  93. Patchy skin discoloration caused by too little or too much circulation.
  94. An assessment tool that measures the severity of a child's illness or injury by evaluating the child's appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin.
    pediatric assessment triangle (PAT)
  95. Aspirating (sucking out) fluid in the mouth or airway by mechanical means.
  96. A chronic progressive dementia that accounts for 60% of all dementia.
    Alzheimer disease
  97. A progressive irreversible decline in mental functioning; marked by memory impairment and decrease in reasoning.
  98. A psychiatric disorder marked by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and decreased interest in daily activities. The person may have persistent thoughts of suicide.
  99. An action taken by a family member or caregiver that results in the physical, emotional, or sexual harm to a person older than 65 years.
    elder abuse
  100. Rotated outward, as a fractured hip.
    externally rotated
  101. A patient who is older than 65 years.
    geriatric patient
  102. An interdisciplinary program designed to reduce or eliminate pain and address the physical, spiritual, social, and economic needs of terminally ill patients.
  103. Abnormal brittleness of the bones caused by loss of calcium; affected bones fracture easily.
  104. General term for dementia that occurs in older people
    senile dementia
  105. Intentionally causing one's own death. Suicide is especially common in elderly and chronically ill persons.
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EMS Exam 4 Vocab
ch. 13-16
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