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What are the four marks of the Church?
One, Catholic, Holy, Apostolic
Why are these marks important for the Church?
they reflect the Church's essential features and mission
How is the Church “One”?
It is united in charity, one in the profession of faith (Nicene and Apostolic Creed) and it is one in the common celebration of worship and sacraments.
Indicate 3 visible and invisible aspects that say the Church is "One."
- bread and wine
- Holy Spirit
- Jesus Christ
Because the Church is expected to be united, does this indicate that all its members must be the same? Explain.
No. Each member is different and the gifts that they have are different also.
What two things wound our unity?
heresy and schism
A party or faction. When a person consciously and deliberately rejects a dogma of the Church.
Offer a summary of Arianism.
Arianism said that Christ was not truly divine.
What is the first official ecumenical council? Who were the key figures involved? What did it conclude?
- First Council of Nicaea.
- Key figures-Constantine, Sylvester I, Athanasius
- Conclusion- Creed of Nicaea. (Consubstantial with the Father)
Who is Constantine the Great? Why does the Church honor him? When did he live? What important contribution did he make to the Roman Empire?
- He was the first emperor the convert to Christianity. Issued the Edict of Milan which established religious tolerance throughout the Roman Empire.
- Lived 272-337.
- Freed Christians
What was the Second ecumenical council? When did it occur and why? What did it conclude?
- Council of Constantinople. 381 AD because of the controversies that said that Jesus was not one with the Father and that Jesus did not have a human mind.
- Conclusion: Indicated the divinity of the 3rd Person of the Trinity, included the 7 canons, and reaffirmed the humanity and divinity of Christ.
When was the Council of Chalcedon? Why was it called together? What did it conclude?
451. It was very important. Conclusion: inserted "and the son" into the Nicene Creed. Led to the Great Schism.
Summarize what occurred in the Great Schism.
The insertion of the Filioque Clause into the Nicene Creed. Should the Patriarch of Rome be considered a higher authority than the other Patriarchs? Pope Leo excommunicated an Orthodox Patriarch. They separated.
Offer a summary of the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther posted 95 problems he had with the church on a Church door. Luther challenged Roman Catholic doctrine and practices. Criticized the selling of indulgences. He was excommunicated. More separations occurred.
What does it mean to say that the Church is Holy?
It has been created by God.
What is at the center of holiness?
What is the Church called to and how do we attain it?
perfect holiness. we respond to the Holy Spirit through prayer,reading the Scriptures, and receiving the Sacraments
What gifts does the Church offer its members in order to help them grow in holiness? Explain.
Sacraments and Scriptures
How can we become perfectly holy?
It is the result of God's grace.
Indicate what the three types of grace are and how they affect our lives.
- Supernatural grace- transcends the power of human intellect and will
- Sanctifying grace- heals our human nature wounded by sin and restores us to friendship with God
- Actual grace- Gods support in our everyday lives
What are models of holiness?
People who lived very holy lives.
Who is the perfect model of holiness?
How is the Church apostolic?
Jesus sent his Apostles to continue his Father's mission and he gave them authority and power.
How does the Church continue the Mission of the Apostles?
What makes the Church Catholic?
it possesses the fullness of Christ and the fullness of the means of salvation. (it is universal)
How do we ensure that the Catholic mission of the Church continues?
The Holy Spirit
The living, teaching office of the Church
Who makes up the Magisterium?
Bishops and the Pope