-The induced electromotive force or EMF in any closed circuit is equal to the time rate of change of the magnetic flux through the circuit.
-The EMF generated is proportional to the rate at which flux is linked.
- ε= ΔΦ/Δtime
-An induced current is always in such a direction as to oppose the motion or change causing it
- Φ= BAcosθ
- ε=N x (ΔΦ/Δtime)
- V= IR = BLV