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Chemistry test 3
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How to find the amount of moles of 10.0g of AL
(Grams of AL)(1mol/amu in grams) = Moles
10.0g)(1 mol/ 26.89g)= 0.37064
How to find amount of atoms in a specified amount 10.0g of AL
First convert 10.0g into mol = .37064 then find amount of atoms with avagadros number
(.37064mol AL)(6.022X10
^{23}
/1 mole AL)
Keep number in scientific notation
Steps to get from grams of a substance to number of atoms
Grams to mole,
Moles to atoms (avogardos number)
Equation for precent composition
Percentage = Part/whole X 100
How to find percent composition of carbon in C
_{2}
H
_{5}
OH
Percent = Part/whole X 100
First find the amu of the entire compd (46.068g/mol)
Multiple C by number of
Empirical Formulas
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms in a molecule
H
_{2}
O
_{2 -> }
HO
How to calculate empirical formulas from percent compositions?
Do this for all compositions, then divide all #s by the lowest amount of moles.
Multiply numbers by 2 or 3 to get whole numbers
Molecular formula
A multiple of the emp formula
How would you find the molecular formula of 252g of C
_{5}
H
_{3}
?
Find the mass of the 5C and 3H = 63.074 g/mol
Then divide is with the mass you have.
then multiply emp1rical form by 4
How would you find molecular formula from percent compositions?
ex %49.47C, 5.191%H, 28.86%N, O, molec mass of 194g
Make the %comp into grams.
Divide that by elements amu
then you would divide that by the smallest amount of grams/mol
Determining amount of moles formed/ needed when reacting
_{ }
First you need to balance the equation.
Then you use equivalence factors (4.30 moles of C
_{3}
H
_{8}
and O
_{2 }
= 4.30mol C
_{3}
H
_{8 }
= 5mol O
_{2}
)
Then convert
Author
michaelirby98
ID
270326
Card Set
Chemistry test 3
Description
chem
Updated
2014-04-14T20:43:24Z
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