Chapters 18-21 Vocab

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  1. Loggia
    a gallery or room with one or more open sides, esp. one that forms part of a house and has one side open to the garden.
  2. Grisaille
    a method of painting in gray monochrome, typically to imitate sculpture.
  3. Predella
    a step or platform on which an altar is placed.
  4. opus anglicanum
    fine needlework of Medieval England done for ecclesiastical or secular use on clothing, hangings or other textiles, often using gold and silver threads on rich velvet or linen grounds.
  5. Decorated style
    As with the Gothic architecture of other parts of Europe, English Gothic is defined by its pointed arches, vaulted roofs, buttresses, large windows, and spires. ...
  6. Perpendicular style
    a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting
  7. Fresco secco
    the technique of painting on dry plaster with pigments mixed in water.
  8. Sinopia
    (also known as sinoper, named after the Turkish city Sinop) is a dark reddish-brown natural earth pigment, whose reddish color comes from hematite, a dehydrated form of iron oxide.
  9. Giornata
    originating from an Italian word which means "a day's work." The term is used in Buon fresco mural painting and describes how much painting can be done in a single day of painting.
  10. Triptych
    a picture or relief carving on three panels, typically hinged together side by side and used as an altarpiece.
  11. polyptych
    a painting, typically an altarpiece, consisting of more than three leaves or panels joined by hinges or folds.
  12. Majolica
    a kind of earthenware made in imitation of Italian maiolica, esp. in England during the 19th century.
  13. Intaglio
    a design incised or engraved into a material."the dies bore a design in intaglio"
  14. Flamboyant Style
    Flamboyant (from French flamboyant, "flaming") is the name given to a florid style of late Gothic architecture in vogue in France from about 1350 until superseded by Renaissance architecture during the early 16th century, and mainly used in describing French buildings.
  15. Antependium
    An antependium, also known as a parament or hanging, or, when speaking specifically of the hanging for the altar, an altar frontal, is a decorative piece, usually of textile, but also metalwork, stone or other material that can adorn a Christian altar, lectern, pulpit, or table.
  16. Burins
    a steel tool used for engraving in copper or wood
  17. Crockets
    (in Gothic architecture) a small carved ornament, typically a bud or curled leaf, on the inclined side of a pinnacle or gable.
  18. Woodcut
    a print of a type made from a design cut in a block of wood, formerly widely used for illustrations in books.
  19. Pietra Serena
    Dark, slippery, greenish-grey Florentine Macigno stone from Fiesole used for the interior pilasters, entablatures, and architectural elements by Brunelleschi at the Pazzi Chapel and ... pietra serena Quick reference. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture
  20. Trompe l'oeil
    visual illusion in art, esp. as used to trick the eye into perceiving a painted detail as a three-dimensional object.
  21. Atmospheric prospective
    the effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance.
  22. Linear Perspective
    a type of perspective used by artists in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon.
  23. Palazzo
    a palatial building, esp. in Italy.
  24. Intarsia
    an elaborate form of marquetry using inlays in wood, esp. as practiced in 15th-century Italy.
  25. Rusticated
    fashion (masonry) in large blocks with sunk joints and a roughened surface.
  26. Sgraffito
    a form of decoration made by scratching through a surface to reveal a lower layer of a contrasting color, typically done in plaster or stucco on walls, or in slip on ceramics before firing.
  27. Allegory
    a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
  28. Orthogonal
    of or involving right angles; at right angles.
  29. Condotierirri
    a leader or a member of a troop of mercenaries, esp. in Italy.
  30. Humanism
    an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasize common human needs, and seek solely rational ways of solving human problems.
  31. Chiaroscuro
    the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting.
  32. Di sotto in su
    means "seen from below" or "from below, upward" in Italian,
  33. sacra conversazione
    meaning holy/sacred conversation, but usually left in Italian, is a depiction of the Virgin and Child amidst a group of saints in a relatively informal grouping, as opposed to the more rigid and hierarchical compositions of earlier periods.
  34. poesie
    (Poésies (Mallarmé book)) Poésies is a 1887 poetry collection by the French writer Stéphane Mallarmé.
  35. sfumato
    the technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms.
  36. Putti
    a representation of a naked child, esp. a cherub or a cupid in Renaissance art.
  37. ignudi
    Michelangelo name the 20 nudes in the sistine chapel the ignudi
  38. Nonfinito
    a sculpting technique literally meaning that the work is unfinished. Non finito sculptures appear unfinished because the artist only sculpts part of the block, leaving the figure appearing to be stuck within the block of material.
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Chapters 18-21 Vocab
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