SOCI 1125

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  1. Peter Sandford
    • In the 1920's he administred IQ tests to those who wanted to immigrate to Canada
    • He did not want defectives into the country
    • However, it is concluded that race/ethnicity has NOTHING to with IQ
  2. Prejudice
    An attitude that judges a person in his/her groups real or imagined characteristics
  3. Discrimination
    Unfair treatment of people of a certain group
  4. Race and Sports
    • Blacks are not actually better at sports than whites
    • Sports are a tool to improve socio-economic standing
    • other avenues of upward mobility tend to be blocked
  5. Racial Mixing
    • High levels of genetic mixing has taken place among many people
    • It is uncommon to be "purely one race"
  6. Sociological Definition of Race
    • race is an important sociological concept due to the perceptions
    • Racial distinction¬† are social constructs, not a biological given
  7. Race
    Social construct used to distinguish people in terms of one or more physical markers
  8. Scapegoat
    Disadvantaged person or category of people whom others blame for their own problems
  9. Why do sociologoists believe race matters?
    Allows social inequality to be created
  10. Ethnic Group
    comprises people whose culutural markers are socially significant
  11. John Porter
    Called Canada in the mid-twentieth century a vertical mosaic
  12. Vertical mosaic
    Highly ethnically and racially stratified society
  13. Resourced and Opportunities
    In determining the economic success of an ethnic/racial group is the resources people possess(education, money etc)
  14. race and ethnic inequality are more deeply rooted in...
    social structure than biology and culture
  15. Labels and Identity
    • Shift in racial or ethnic identity is common
    • If social context changed then negotiation of self changes too
  16. Imposition vs. Choice
    • Idea that race and ethnicity is socially constructed does not mean that everyone can choose their racial/ethnic identity freely
    • Whites have the most freedom
  17. Symbolic Ethnicity
    A nostalgic allegiance to the culture of the immigrant generation, or old country, that is not usually incorporated in every day behaviour
  18. Racism
    belief that a visible characteristic of a group (skin color) indicated group inferiority and justifies discrimination
  19. Institutional Racism
    Bias that is inherent in social institutions and not noticed by the majority group
  20. Colonialism
    involved people from one country invading and taking political, cultural, and economic control over people from another country
  21. Internal colonialism
    • Involves one race or ethnic group subjugating another in the same country
    • Prevents assimilation in terms of jobs, housing, and social contacts
  22. Expulsion
    The forcible removal of a population from a territory claimed by another population
  23. Genocide
    International extermination of a particular race
  24. Conquest
    Forcible capture of land and econmoic and political domination of its inhabitants
  25. Modernization of Quebed state failed to resolve four issues:
    • 1. Potential demographic decline of the Quebecois
    • 2. Assimilation of immigrants into English culture
    • 3. Persistent ethnic stratification
    • 4. Continued use of English as the language of private industry
  26. Slavery
    Ownership and control of people
  27. Split-labour market
    Low wage workers of one race and high-wage workers of another compete for the same job
  28. Some advantages of ethnicity
    • create inequality and bind group members together
    • Ethnic communities remain vibrant in Canada because immigration continues at a rapid pace (3rd Country with most immigrants)
  29. 3 main factors enhanxce the value of continued ethnic group membership:
    • 1. Ethnic group membership can have economic disadvantages
    • 2. Ethnnic group membership can be politically useful
    • 3. Ethnic group membership continues to persist because of the emotional support it provides.
  30. Transnational Communities
    Communities whose boundaries exist betwenn or among countries
  31. Pluralism
    retention of racial and ethnic culture combined with equal access to basic social resources
  32. Future of race & ethnicity in Canada
    • Image Upload 1
    • We are a society pased on assimilation, pluralism, and segregation
  33. Employment Equity
    Policy that gives preference to minority group members if equally qualified people are available for a position
Card Set
SOCI 1125
Race & Ethnicity
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