Social Pysch Test 1

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  1. Archival Mood
    Examination of systematic data originally collected for other purposes (such as marriage licenses or arrest records)
  2. Adapatation
    A characteristic that is well designed for survival and reproduction in a particular environment
  3. Case Study
    An intensive examination of an individual or group
  4. Confound
    A variable that systematically changes along with the independent variable, potentially leading to a mistaken conclusion about the effect of the independent variable
  5. Correlation
    The extent to which two or more variables are associated with one another
  6. Correlation Coefficient
    A mathematical expression of the relationship between two variables
  7. Debriefing
    A discussion of procedures, hypotheses, and participant reactions at the completion of the study
  8. Demand Characteristic
    Cue that makes participants aware of how the experimenter expects them to behave
  9. Dependent Variable
    The variable measured by the experimenter
  10. Descriptive Method
    Procedure for measuring or recording behaviors, thoughts. and feelings in their natural state (including naturalistic observations, case studies, archival studies, surveys, and psychological tests)
  11. Evolutionary Perspective
    A theoretical viewpoint that searches for the causes of social behavior in the physical and psychological predispositions that helped our ancestors survive and reproduce
  12. Experiment
    A research method in which the researcher sets out to systematically manipulate one source of influence while holding others constant
  13. Experimental Method
    Procedure for uncovering causal processes by systematically manipulating some aspect of a situation
  14. External Validity
    The extent to which the results of an experiment can be generalized to other circumstances
  15. Field Experimentation
    The manipulation of independent variables using unknowing participants in natural settings
  16. Generalizability
    The extent to which the findings of a particular research study extend to other similar circumstances or cases
  17. Independent Variable
    The variable manipulated by the experimenter
  18. Hypothesis
    A researcher's prediction about what he or she will find
  19. Internal Validity
    The extent to which an experiment allows confident statements about cause and effect
  20. Natural Selection
    The process by which characteristics that help animals survive and reproduce are passed on to their offspring
  21. Naturalistic Observation
    Recording everyday behaviors as they unfold in their natural settings
  22. Observer Bias
    Error introduced into measurement when an observer overemphasizes behaviors he or she expects to find and fails to notice behaviors he or she does not expect
  23. Person
    Features or characteristics that individuals carry into social situations
  24. Psychological Test
    Instrument for assessing a person's abilities, cognations, or motivations.
  25. Random Assignment
    The practice of assigning participants to treatments so each person has an equal chance of being in any condition
  26. Reliability
    The consistency of the score yielded by a psychological test
  27. Representative Sample
    A group of respondents having characteristics that match those of the larger population the researcher wants to describe
  28. Situation
    Enviromental events or circumstances outside the person
  29. Social Cognitive Perspective
    A theoretical viewpoint that focuses on the mental processes involved in paying attention to, interpreting, and remembering social experiences
  30. Social Desirability Bias
    The tendency for people to say what they believe is appropriate or acceptable
  31. Social Learning Perspective
    A theoretical viewpoint that focuses on past learning experiences as determinants of a person's social behaviors
  32. Social Norm
    A rule or expectation for appropriate social behavior
  33. Social Psychology
    The scientific study of how people's thoughts. feelings, and behaviors are influenced by other people
  34. Sociocultural Perspective
    The theoretical viewpoint that searches for the causes of social behavior in influences from larger social groups
  35. Survey Method
    A technique in which the researcher asks people to report on their beliefs, feelings, or behaviors
  36. Theory
    Scientific explanation that connects and organizes existing observations and suggests fruitful paths for future research
  37. Validity
    The extent to which a test measures what it is designed to measure
  38. Affordance
    An opportunity or threat provided by a situation
  39. Attention
    The process of consciously focusing on aspects of our environment or outselves
  40. Attitudes
    Favorable or unfavorable evaluations of a particular person, object, event, or idea
  41. Automaticity
    The ability of a behavior or cognitive process to operate without conscious guidance once it's put into motion
  42. Chronically accessible
    The state of being easily activated, or printed, for use
  43. Collectivistic Culture
    A culture that socializes its members to think of themselves in terms of their relationships and as members of the larger social group, and to prioritize the concerns of their relationship partners and groups before their own
  44. Counterfactual Thinking
    The process of imagining alternative, "might have been" versions of actual events
  45. Descriptive Norm
    A norm that defines what is commonly done in a situation
  46. Emotions
    Relatively intense feelings characterized by physiological arousal and complex cognitions
  47. Exemplar
    A mental representation of specific episode, event, or individual
  48. Goal
    A desired outcome something one wishes to achieve or accomplish
  49. Individualistic Culture
    A culture that socializes its members to think of themselves as individuals and to give priority to their personal goals
  50. Injunctive Norm
    A norm that describes what is commonly approved or disapproved in a situation
  51. Moods
    Relatively long lasting feelings that are diffuse and not directed toward particular targets
  52. Motivation
    The force that moves people toward desired outcomes
  53. Motive
    A high level goal fundamental to social survival
  54. Person-Situation Fit
    The extent to which a person and a situation are compatible
  55. Pluralistic Ignorance
    The mistaken impression on the part of group members that because no one else is acting concerned there is no cause for alarm
  56. Priming
    The process of activating knowledge or goals, of making them ready for use
  57. Reflected Appraisal Process
    The process through which people come to know themselves by observing or imagining how other view them
  58. Schema
    A mental representation capturing the general characteristics of a particular class of episodes, events, or individuals
  59. Scripted Situation
    A situation in which certain events are expected to occur in a particular sequence
  60. Self-Concept
    A mental representation capturing our views and beliefs about ourselves
  61. Self-Esteem
    Out attitude toward outselves
  62. Self-Perception Process
    The process through which people observe their own behavior to infer internal characteristics such as traits, abilities and attitudes
  63. Self-Presestation
    The process through which we try to control the impressions people form of us; synonymous with impression management
  64. Self Regulation
    The process though which people select, monitor, and adjust their strategies in an attempt to reach their goals
  65. Social Comparison
    The process through which people come to know themselves by comparing their abilities, attitudes, and beliefs with those of others
  66. Socialization
    The process whereby a culture teaches its members about its beliefs, customs, habits, and language
  67. Willpower
    The self-control strength used to overcome counterproductive impulses to achieve difficult goals
Card Set
Social Pysch Test 1
Psych test 1
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