History 2

  1. Progressivism (1890s-1914)
    reform movement that emphasized economic social & political improvement through good government
  2. Bureaucracy
    a group of professionals applying their expertise to improve problems
  3. Muckrakers
    • progressive journalism
    • tried to expose problems
    • Jacob Riis 
    • Upton Sinclairs
  4. Problems Progressives tried to fix:
    Political Corruption
  5. Political Machines
    • corrupt urban politics 
    • maintain power by getting immigrants to vote
  6. Intitiatives
    people within themselves can initiate laws
  7. refrerendum
    people within themselves can approve or reject laws
  8. recall
    you can kick a politician out of office before his term is up
  9. Teddy Roosevelt
    • president 1900-1908
    • "trust-bonding" monoplies
    • Pure food & drug laws
    • act of 1906
    • conservatiom
  10. W.H Taft
    • president 1908-1912
    • broke up monopolies
    • increased railroad regulation
    • expanded forest
    • worker safety regulations
  11. Woodrow Wilson
    • president 1912
    • Simmons-underwood tariff
    • -presidential press conference
    • Federal Trade Commission
    • -national government organization that regulates trade
    • Federal Reserve Act
    • -national government organization that divides the country into twelve banks
    • Clayton Anti-trust Act: outlawed monopolies
  12. Manifest Destiny
    America's God given duty to expand liberality and democracy
  13. Economic cause of expansionism
    overproduction and under consumption

    new markets and exported to central america
  14. Spanish American War 1898
    • cubans wanted independence from spain
    • reconcentration: tossing cubans into prison camps to separate rebels
    • american's found out about through muckrakers and they were like "oh hell naw"
    • The Sinking of Maine killed a lot of mericans and homies were pissed
    • We fought spain and won
  15. Treaty of Paris
    • cubans get it's independence from spain
    • the US gets puerto rico, guam, and the Philippines
    • we give spain 20 million dollars
  16. Philippine Insurrection
    • The USA stayed in the Philippines because it was close to china and its 2billion ft
    • the us tossed them into prison camps and basically took over (WE TAKIN OVVERR)
  17. US in Latin America:
    • Platt Amendment
    • US investments
    • Roosevelt Corollary
    • U.S interventions
    • Panama Canal
  18. Platt Amendent
    Cuba couldn't sign a treaty that could threaten their independence
  19. Why did the U.S investments increases during philippine insurrection
    Cuba is main economic partner
  20. Roosevelt Corollary
    • associated with the monroe docutraine (europe can not colonize in the western hemisphere)
    • american will manage smaller countries finances
  21. U.S interventions
    sent american troops to manage central america
  22. Panama Canal
    • the epidemic symbol of emergence of american technological & industrial power
    • it shortened the trip from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean
    • track swifter: machine that can move railroad tracks
  23. New Navy
    building a better modern army
  24. Causes of World War 1
    European expansionism and competing
  25. Central Powers (WW1)
    Turkey, Germany, Austria
  26. Allies (WW1)
    Japan, Italy, France, Great Britain, Russia, U.S
  27. American Neutrality (WW1)
    The U.S couldn't trade with anyone without becoming "traders"
  28. The Lusitania (WW1)
    • Cruising from american to england the germans thought the ship was a threat and sunk it.
    • americans were pissed 
    • joined the allies
  29. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare (WW1)
    germany's plan was to sink every and any ship to cut off any supplies to europe to win the war before the us came in
  30. National Government during WW1
    • the nation government took control of the railroads
    • War Industries Board- nation organization that regulates war industries 
    • Food Administration- regulated what farmers grew
  31. Science and Technolgy during WW1
    • Germans tried new war techniques 
    • gas attacks
    • submarines
    • air planes
  32. American Expeditionary force
    • Gen John Pershing
    • used airplanes to gather information to attack weak points
  33. Effects of African-Americans (WW1)
    • they moved to the north bc more opportunities
    • cause race riots 
    • race is now a national problem
  34. Effects of Women (WW1)
    • women took jobs that were for men
    • women got the right to vote (yay!!)
  35. Oligopoly (1920s)
    the dominance of an industry by a few companies
  36. Three presidents of 1920s
    • Harding
    • Coolidge
    • Hoover
  37. technology of the 1920s
    • skyrocketed basically
    • cars
    • radios 
    • advertising guilted people into buying
  38. Babe Ruth
    • best baseball player eva
    • got away with a lot of things bc fame
    • gambled all his money in Cuba (70,000)
    • fame and success doesn't mean happiness
    • first american celeb
  39. effects on middle class (1920s)
    it makes to exceptions and demands on middle class women go up because technology means less maids
  40. Harlem Rennaissance
    • A movement of middles class black artist intellectuals and writes who delt with the black experience in Harlem New York.
    • jazz was the OG
  41. Crisis Of Protestantism
    • immigration ad urbanization (cities are anonymous and private vs small towns) 
    • Charles Darwin (natural selection)
    • German Higher Criticism analysis (analysed who wrote the first five books of the bible)
    • Protestantism split into conservative and liberal
  42. Scopes Monkey Trial
    • In 1924, it's illegal to teach evolution
    • John Scopes gets arrested for teaching it 
    • american civil liberties union and Clarence Barrow defended him 
    • outcome was indecisive
  43. Jane Adams
    Made hull houses for women
  44. John Dewey
    education reform, progressive style education, taught immigrants
Card Set
History 2