Disorders and Stuff

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  1. Psychological Disorder
    deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns
  2. The Medical Model
    the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital
  3. Anxiety Disorders
    psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
  4. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    • an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
    • often stems from maltreatment and inhibition as a child, though mellows out by age 50
  5. Panic Disorder
    an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
  6. Phobia
    an anxiety disorder marked by persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
  7. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) or actions (compulsions)
  8. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    • an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
    • The greater one's emotional distress is during a trauma, the higher the risk of PTSD symptoms
  9. Post Traumatic Growth
    positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises
  10. What learning processes can contribute to anxiety?
    • Stimulus generalization
    • reinforcement
  11. Somatoform disorder
    psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause
  12. Conversion Disorder
    a rare somatoform disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found
  13. Hypochondriasis
    a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease
  14. Dissosociative Disorders
    disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
  15. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
    a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities
  16. Mood Disorders
    psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
  17. Major Depressive Disorder
    a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
  18. Mania
    a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
  19. Bipolar Disorder
    a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
  20. Schizophrenia
    a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
  21. Delusions
    false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
  22. Personality disorders
    psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
  23. Antisocial Personality Disorder
    • a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members
    • may be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist
  24. Avoidant Personality Disorder
    fearful sensitivity to rejection that predisposes the withdrawn
  25. Schizoid Personality Disorder
    expresses eccentric behaviors, such as the emotionless disengagement
  26. Histrionic Personality Disorder
    exbhibits dramatic or impulsive behaviors
  27. Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    self-focused and self-inflating
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Disorders and Stuff
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