EMS Exam 2 vocab

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  1. The passages from the openings of the mouth and nose to the air sacs in the lungs through which air enters and leaves the lungs.
  2. Partial (mild) or complete (severe) obstruction of the respiratory passages resulting from blockage by food, small objects, or vomitus.
    airway obstruction
  3. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that occurs in the alveoli.
    alveolar ventilation
  4. The air sacs of the lungs where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
  5. A suction device.
  6. A patient ventilation device that consists of a bag, one-way valves, and a face mask.
    bag-mask device
  7. The two main branches of the windpipe that lead into the right and left lungs. Within the lungs, they branch into smaller airways.
  8. The smallest blood vessels that connect small arteries and small veins. Capillary walls serve as the membrane to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  9. The artificial circulation of the blood and movement of air into and out of the lungs in a pulseless, nonbreathing patient.
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  10. Posterior pressure applied to the cricoid cartilage to minimize gastric distention in a nonbreathing patient who is receiving positive pressure rescue breathing with a bag-mask device. This technique minimizes gastric distention and reduces the risk of vomiting.
    cricoid pressure/ Sellick maneuver
  11. The tube through which food passes. It starts at the throat and ends at the stomach.
  12. A means of applying artificial circulation by applying rhythmic pressure and relaxation on the lower half of the sternum.
    external cardiac compressions
  13. A clear plastic mask used for oxygen administration that covers the mouth and nose.
    face mask
  14. A device on oxygen cylinders used to control and measure the flow of oxygen.
  15. A strong involuntary effort to vomit caused by something being placed or caught in the throat.
    gag reflex
  16. Opening the airway by tilting the patient's head backward and lifting the chin forward, bringing the entire lower jaw with it.
    head tilt–chin lift maneuver
  17. A series of manual thrusts to the abdomen to relieve an upper airway obstruction.
    Heimlich maneuver
  18. Opening the airway by bringing the patient's jaw forward without extending the neck.
    jaw-thrust maneuver
  19. The organs that supply the body with oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide from the blood.
  20. The lower jaw.
  21. Hand-powered devices used for clearing the upper airway of mucus, blood, or vomitus.
    manual suction devices
  22. A battery-powered pump or an oxygen-powered aspirator device used for clearing the upper airway of mucus, blood, or vomitus.
    mechanical suction device
  23. The amount of air pulled into the lungs and removed from the lungs in one minute.
    minute ventilation
  24. A piece of equipment that consists of a mask, a one-way valve, and a mouthpiece. Rescue breathing is performed by breathing into the mouthpiece after placing the mask over the patient’s mouth and nose.
    mouth-to-mask ventilation device
  25. Rescue breathing for patients who, because of surgical removal of the larynx, have a stoma.
    mouth-to-stoma breathing
  26. An airway adjunct that is inserted into the nostril of a patient who is not able to maintain a natural airway.
    nasal airway
  27. A clear plastic tube, used to deliver oxygen, that fits onto the patient’s nose.
    nasal cannula
  28. The posterior part of the nose.
  29. An airway adjunct that is inserted into the mouth to keep the tongue from blocking the upper airway.
    oral airway
  30. The posterior part of the mouth.
  31. A colorless, odorless gas that is essential for life.
  32. A mechanical breathing device used to administer mouth-to-mask rescue breathing.
    pocket mask
  33. A machine that consists of a monitor and a sensor probe that measures the oxygen saturation in the capillary beds.
    pulse oximeter
  34. An assessment tool that measures oxygen saturation in the capillary beds.
    pulse oximetry
  35. Artificial means of breathing for a patient.
    rescue breathing
  36. Sudden stoppage of breathing.
    respiratory arrest
  37. Posterior pressure applied to the cricoid cartilage to minimize gastric distention in a nonbreathing patient who is receiving positive pressure rescue breathing with a bag-mask device. This technique minimizes gastric distention and reduces the risk of vomiting.
    Sellick maneuver/ cricoid pressure
  38. A surgical opening in the neck that connects the windpipe (trachea) to the skin.
  39. The windpipe.
  40. Portable battery-powered devices that recognize ventricular fibrillation and advise when a countershock is indicated. Delivers an electric shock to patients with ventricular fibrillation.
    automated external defibrillators (AEDs)
  41. The pulse on the inside of the upper arm.
    brachial pulse
  42. Cessation of breathing and a heartbeat.
    cardiac arrest
  43. The pulse taken on either side of the neck.
    carotid pulse
  44. Manual chest-pressing method that mimics the squeezing and relaxation cycles a normal heart goes through; administered to a person in cardiac arrest.
    chest compression
  45. Anyone between 1 year of age and the onset of puberty (12 to 14 years of age).
  46. The heart and blood vessels, which together are responsible for the continuous flow of blood throughout the body.
    circulatory system
  47. The pulse taken at the groin.
    femoral pulse
  48. Inflation of the stomach caused when excessive pressures are used during artificial ventilation and air is directed into the stomach rather than the lungs.
    gastric distention
  49. Any patient younger than 1 year.
  50. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by one rescuer.
    one-rescuer CPR
  51. The fluid part of the blood that carries blood cells, transports nutrients, and removes cellular waste materials.
  52. Microscopic disc-shaped elements in the blood that are essential to the process of blood clot formation, the mechanism that stops bleeding.
  53. The wave of pressure created by the heart as it contracts and forces blood out into the major arteries.
  54. The pulse taken at the thumb side of the wrist.
    radial pulse
  55. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by two rescuers.
    two-rescuer CPR
  56. The movement of air in and out of the lungs.
  57. An uncoordinated muscular quivering of the heart; the most common abnormal rhythm causing cardiac arrest.
    ventricular fibrillation
  58. The body cavity between the thorax and the pelvis that contains the major organs of digestion and excretion.
  59. Part of the upper extremity that extends from the shoulder to the elbow.
  60. Breathing in foreign matter such as food, drink, or vomitus into the airway or lungs.
  61. A system of patient evaluation in which the chief complaint of the patient and other signs and symptoms are gathered. The care given is based on this information rather than on a formal diagnosis.
    assessment-based care
  62. Listening to sounds with a stethoscope.
  63. A scale to measure a patient's level of consciousness. The letters stand for Alert, Verbal, Pain, and Unresponsive.
    AVPU scale
  64. A straight board used for splinting, extricating, and transporting patients with suspected spinal injuries.
  65. A strong pulse (similar to the pulse that follows physical exertion like running or lifting heavy objects).
    bounding pulse
  66. Pulse located on the arm between the elbow and shoulder; used for checking the pulse in infants.
    brachial pulse
  67. The ability of the circulatory system to restore blood to the capillary blood vessels after it has been squeezed out by the examiner.
    capillary refill
  68. The principal arteries of the neck. They supply blood to the face, head, and brain.
    carotid artery
  69. A pulse that can be felt on each side of the neck where the carotid artery is close to the skin.
    carotid pulse
  70. The patient's response to questions such as "What happened?" or "What's wrong?"
    chief complaint
  71. The collarbone.
  72. Bluish coloration of the skin resulting from poor oxygenation of the circulating blood.
  73. The measurement of pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries while the left ventricle of the heart is at rest.
    diastolic pressure
  74. Breathing out.
  75. A condition that occurs when three or more ribs are each broken in two places and the chest wall lying between the fractures becomes a free-floating segment.
    flail chest
  76. Breaks in a bone.
  77. High blood pressure.
  78. Low blood pressure.
  79. Breathing in.
  80. The lower extremity; specifically, the lower portion, from the knee to the ankle.
  81. Consists of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot.
    lower extremity
  82. To examine by touch.
  83. Ankle pulse.
    posterior tibial pulse
  84. The first actions taken to form an impression of the patient's condition; to determine the patient's responsiveness and introduce yourself to the patient; to check the patient's airway, breathing, and circulation; and to acknowledge the patient's chief complaint. Is sometimes called the initial patient assessment.
    primary assessment
  85. The wave of pressure that is created by the heart as it contracts and forces blood out of the heart and into the major arteries.
  86. The circular openings in the middle of the eye.
  87. Pulse located on the inside of the wrist on the thumb side.
    radial pulse
  88. The speed at which a person is breathing (measured in breaths/min)
    respiratory rate
  89. A patient's medical history. The letters stand for Signs/Symptoms, Allergies, Medications, Pertinent past history, Last oral intake, Events associated with the illness or injury.
    SAMPLE history
  90. The step in the patient assessment sequence in which you carefully examine the patient from head to toe, and measure vital signs.
    secondary assessment
  91. A condition that you observe in a patient, such as bleeding or the temperature of a patient's skin.
  92. A condition the patient tells you, such as "I feel dizzy."
  93. The measurement of blood pressure exerted against the walls of the arteries during contraction of the heart.
    systolic pressure
  94. A weak pulse.
    thready pulse
  95. A wound or injury.
  96. Consists of the arm, forearm, wrist, and hand.
    upper extremity
  97. Signs of life, such as pulse, respiration, blood pressure, and skin condition.
    vital signs
Card Set
EMS Exam 2 vocab
Ch. 6-8
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