What is the purpose of the CNO’s Practice Standard Infection Prevention and Control?
To protect the public and let the public know that nurses are held accountable
What are the SIX links in the chain of infection?
- 1. Infectious Agent
- 2. Reservoir
- 3. Means of transportation
- 4. Portal of Entry
- 5. Susceptible Host
- 6. Portal of Exit
What is an INFECTIOUS AGENT?
- A germ, virus, bacteria or fungus.
- (ie. Happititas B, HIV, MRSA mold)
What is a reservoir?
- Places where germs hide.
- (ie. in food, in ppl, in medical equipment etc.)
What is a MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION?
Ways for the infection agent to get around.
(ie. keyborad, hand shaking, door handle etc.)
What is a PORTAL OF ENTRY?
This is how the bacteria / virus enters the body.
(ie. broken skin, mucous membrane, respiratory system etc.)
What is a SUSCEPIBLE HOST?
Anyone who lacks immunity or can not fight germs.
(ie. babies, elderly person)
What is a PORTAL OF EXIT?
This is a way out for the bacteria.
(ie. Respiratory system, genital and urinary tracts, blood, skin etc.)
What is an example of "Air flow control is required?"
That would mean the patient is required to be in a negative pressure room.
What is the most common mode of germs to be spread?
What is the IP & C Standard: They have 4 Statements:
- 1. Communication
- 2. Application of Professional Judgement
- 3. Application of evidence-based measures
- 4. Risk Reduction
Application of evidence-based measures breakdown:
- Adhere to appropriate hand hygiene measures
- Maintain competence in infection control practices
- Take measures to prevent transmission of infection to client, self and others
Application of professional judgment
- Assess situations for potential/actual infectious disease.
- Use appropriate prevention measures when microorganisms are likely to come in contact with skin.
- Modify practice if there is a risk of transmitting a disease to client/health team
- Use safety devices when available
- Follow guidelines for disposing bio-medical wastes
- Identify hazards and the potential for injury
- Maintain open communication with members of the health care team including support staff.
- Incorporate the psycho-social needs of clients and their significant other into the care plan.
- Use appropriate communication and client health teaching strategies
What are the four major elements to preventive practice:
- 1. Hand washing (most iimportant one)
- 2. Protective barriers (ie gloves, mask etc)
- 3. Care of equipment
- 4. Health practices of the nurse.
- (Nurses who believe they have been contaminated with an infectious agent should assess the risk of transmitting the infectious agent to others and take appropriate precautions.)
What is Antiseptic?
Substance that destroys or stops the growth of micro-organisms on living tissue (Ex, skin).
What is Blood-borne pathogens (BBPs)?
viruses found inblood which produce infection.
(hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) or humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV).