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The study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and their relationship to one another
The study of how the body and its parts work and function
Levels of Structural Organization
1. Chemical Level
2. Cellular Level
3. Tissue Level
4. Organ Level
5. Organ System Level
6. Organismal Level
The ability to sense change in the environment and then react to them.
Also known as Irritability
A broad term that refers to all chemical reactions that occur within body cells
-Depends on digestive, respiratory, and muscular systems to bring nutrients to cells
-Regulated by hormones
The body's ability to maintain relatively stable internal condition
Homeostasis Control Mechanism
: A type of sensor that responds to stimuli
2. Control Center
: Determines the level at which a variable is to be maintained
: The response of the control center
Define Anatomical Position
The body is standing at attention with its palms facing forward
The front surface of the body
Also know as Ventral
The back surface of the patient
Also know as Dorsal
Closest to the head
Closest to the feet
Closest to the point of attachment
Farthest from the point of attachment
Closest to the midline
Farthest from the midline
Closest to the surface of the skin
Farthest from the surface of the skin
Front and back (anterior and posterior)
Also know as Frontal Section
Top and bottom (Superior and Inferior)
Also know as Cross Section
Left and Right
Left and Right (equal halves)
Also know as Midline
What does the Dorsal Body Cavity consist of?
1. Cranial Cavity
2. Spinal Cavity
The Cranial Cavity houses what?
The Spianal Cavity houses what?
The Spinal Cord
What does the Ventral Body Cavity consist of?
1. Thoracic Cavity:
2. Abdominal Cavity:
3. Pelvic Cavity:
The Thoracic Cavity houses what?
1. Pleural Cavity:
2. Pericardial Cavity:
3. Mediastinum Cavity:Trachea, Esophagus, and Pericardial cavity
The Abdominal Cavity houses what?
The Pelvic Cavity houses what?
1. Reproductive Organs
The Human Body: An Orientation