1. when a radiograph of the pelvis shows the lesser trochanters in profile this means that the patient was positioned with ____
    the feet externally rotated
  2. if there is a fx of the hip on a patient who gets and ap pelvis radiograph the injured side will show what two things
    greater trochanter in profile and external rotation of the hip
  3. what topographical landmarks is used to evaluate a patients pelvis position for possible rotation
  4. for a lateral hip radiograph the CR should be perp to the ___
    femoral neck
  5. name the bones that make up the innominate or ossa coxae of the pelvis
    ilium ischium and pubis
  6. identify the two landmarks located on the ilium that are used when positioning for a pelvis
    ASIS and pubic symphysis
  7. describe how to locate the head and neck of the femur using the landmarks on the pelvis
    go 2 in medially and 3-4 in down cr in middle of IR
  8. for a true ap hip radiograph the legs must be _____ rotated which puts the  ____ parallel to the IR
    • 15-20 degs internally
    • femoral head and neck
  9. i na true anatomical position on an avg adult the head and neck of the femur project 15-20 degrees _____
  10. the distal tibial joint surface that forms the ceiling or roof  of the ankle mortise joint is called ___
    tibial plafond
  11. a true ap radiograph of the ankle will show all of the joint space except the _____
    lateral portion
  12. for a mortise view of the ankle the CR is directed
    midway between malleoli
  13. the mortise view of the ankle the cr is directed
    15-20 deg internally
  14. what positioning is parallel to the iR when performing an ankle mortise view
    intermelleolar line
  15. when positioninf a patient for an oblique radiograph of the ankle the patients leg
    45 deg internally
  16. in a mediolateral prjection true lateral view of the ankle the ___ and the distal fibula will lie _____
    cr is directed to medial malleolus and posterior
  17. a neoplastic lesion filled with fluid that appears lucent on a radiograph is called
    bone cyst
  18. a disease process in which the the patellar tendon detaches part of the tibial tuberosity
    osgood schlatter disease
  19. a type of fx in which a small fragment of bone gets pulled away by an attached tendon or ligament
  20. a softening of the vones caused by a lack of bone mineralization often causing bowing of the tibia
  21. the palntodorsal projection of the calcaneus requires a tube angulation of ____ degrees toward _____ direction and CR location ____(where)
    • 40 deg
    • cephalad
    • base of 3rd metatarsal
  22. Cr location for a lateral calcaneus
    is 1 inch distal to medial malleolus
  23. name the 7 tarsal bones
    • calcaneus
    • talus
    • cuboid
    • navicular
    • medial cuneiform
    • intermediate cuneiform
    • lateral cuneiform
  24. name the joint btw the proximal and distal phalanges of the 1st digit
    interphalangeal joint
  25. name the joints between the head of the metatarsals and the phalanges
    metatarsophalangeal joint
  26. the bone that lies on the medial side of the foot and is proximal to the 1st and 2nd cuneiforms
  27. for an oblique radiograph of the 2nd toe the foot would be rotated ____ and the CR would be directed ____
    • 30-45 degrees medially
    • perpendicular to film
  28. for an oblique radiograph of the 4th toe the foot would be rotated ____ and the CR would be directed ____
    • 30-45 degrees laterally
    • to the MTP joint
  29. for an oblique radiograph of the foot, the foot would be rotated  ______ and the CR ____ would be directed
    • rotated 30-40 degrees internally
    • CR no angle at base of third metatarsal
  30. for a dorsoplantar projection of the ap radiograph of the toes what is the angle and where is the CR location
    10-15 cephalad angle toward calcaneus and CR at mtp joint
  31. for a routine mediolateral projection of the foot the foot sohuld be ___ (2 things
    • aligned with long axis of cassette
    • placed with plantar surface perp to the film
  32. a weight bearing foot projection exam can be performed to demonstrate what type of ligament pathology
    linsfranc ligament
  33. a form of arthritis in which excess uric acid deposits form in the joints is called
  34. what is the degree of rotation of the foot for oblique toes
    where is the CR
    • toes 1-3 medial rotation of 30-45
    • toes 4-5 lateral rotation 30-45 deg
    • at mtp joint of desired interest
Card Set