Chapter 31-32 Test APUSH

  1. President Harding Legacy
    Legacy of Scandals: "Teapot Dome"
  2. President Coolidge Moto
    The business of America is business.
  3. Tariffs
    Fordney McCumber and Smoot Hawley raised the tariff to 30%.
  4. J. Edgar Hoover
    Rounded up suspected radicals and deported them.
  5. Mitchell Palmer
    Attorney General who led a nation wide hunt for communist and sent them back to Russia.
  6. Nativist Fears
    Many wanted Congress to restict immigration. They disliked communist, Jewish, Orthodox, & Catholics.
  7. Proletariat Fears
    They feared the working class would unite and take over the gov't.
  8. Disillusioned Americans
    Refers to people living after the first world war. They did not like foreign ideas, unamerican lifestyles, they wanted to restrict immigration and commitments to foreign nations.
  9. KKK
    Anti pacifist, black, immigrant, semitic, & Catholics.
  10. Birth of a Nation
    Movie/Book promoting the KKK.
  11. 1921 Emergency Quota Act
    Restricted immigration to 3% of foregin born person of each race in 1921.
  12. 1923 Emergency Quota Act
    Restricted immigration to 2% of foreign born peron of each race in 1924.
  13. Life for Immigrants
    "We eat everyday, better than on Easter in Poland."
  14. Cultural Plurism
    When smaller groups within a larger society maintains their unique cultural identites and whose values and practices are accepted by others. (Ex: China Town)
  15. Prohibition Characteristics: "Noble Experiment"
    Stopped alcohol sales, popular in the South & West, not popular in East.
  16. Speakeasy
    An illegal bar where drinks were sold, during the time of prohibition. It was called a Speakeasy because people literally had to speak easy so they were not caught drinking alcohol by the police.
  17. Scopes Trial
    1925. john scopes was a high school biology teacher in dayton, Tennessee, he was occused of violating tennessee law by teaching the theory of evolution to his students. some religious leaders rejected evolution, saying it denied the word of the Bible. a number of states, including tennessee, passed laws that banned the teaching of Darwin's theory. scopes wanted to challenge the law, so he announced that he taught evolution. the trial became a national sensation. the prosecutor was william jennings bryan, who had run for president 3 times. the defense attorney was clarence darrow, a famous chicago criminal defense lawyer. the trial seemed to pit modern, urban americans against traditional, rural americans. in the end, scopes was conviced and lost his job. laws against teaching evolution remained but were rarely enforced.
  18. John Dewey
    Theory:"Learning through Experience" Dewey is considered the "father" of progressive education practice that promotes individuality, free activity, and learning through experiences, such as project-based learning, cooperative learning, and arts integration activities. He theorized that school is primarily a social institution and a process of living, not an institution to prepare for future living. He believed that schools should teach children to be problem-solvers by helping them learn to think as opposed to helping them learn only the content of a lesson. He also believed that students should be active decision-makers in their education. Dewey advanced the notion that teachers have rights and must have more academic autonomy.
  19. Consumer Economy/Age of Prosperity
    Time of the automobile (Ford Model T), Rapid expansion of capital, assembly line, and mass production.
  20. Changes in Farming
    Lose agriculture post war Europe drives down prices.
  21. Celebs
    Babe ruth, Ty Comb, Jack Dempsey, & Charles Lindburgh.
  22. Effects of buying on credit
    Some people can't pay back their loans causing banks to begin to close.
  23. Effects of Gasoline Age
    Other industries such as glass, rubber, fabrics, and highway building. Petroleum: CA, TX, & OK.
  24. Model T
  25. Oliver and Wilbur Wright
    hese brothers were bicycle mechanics from Dayton, Ohio who built and flew the first plane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903. flew the first airplane for 12 seconds over a distance of 120 feet at Kitty Hawk, N.C.
  26. Henry Ford
    developed the mass-produced Model-T car, which sold at an affordable price. It pioneered the use of the assembly line. Also greatly increased his workers wages and instituted many modern concepts of regular work hours and job benefits.
  27. Federal Reserve System
    Has a board of govenors consisting of up to 7 people appointed by the president. They serve 14 year long terms. They set interest rate dor loaning $$$$. This is called the prime interest rate.
  28. Charles Lindburgh
    • was the first to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. It took him 33 1/2 hours, he won a $25,000 prize, and instantly became a celebrity.
    • Lindbergh was sort of represented the anti-Jazz Age. Whereas many young people were living the high life of fast cars, illegal booze, jazz, nightclubs, "petting parties", Lindbergh was traditional, wholesome and shy. It was said that for a brief moment, the Jazz Age crowd paused their party and tipped their glasses to Lindbergh's accomplishment.
  29. 1920's
    Roaring Twenties This is the phrase used to describe the 1920s, principally in North America but also in London, Paris and Berlin, that emphasizes the period's social, artistic, and cultural dynamism. 'Normalcy' returned to politics in the wake of World War I, jazz music blossomed, the flapper redefined modern womanhood, Art Deco peaked, etc. The era was further distinguished by several inventions and discoveries of far-reaching importance, unprecedented industrial growth and accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and significant changes in lifestyle.
  30. Movies/The Great train Robbery
    1903 American Western film by Edwin S. Porter. Twelve minutes long, it is considered a milestone in film making
  31. Marcus Garvey
    Garvey brought the United Negro Improvement Association from Jamaica to Harlem; advocated individual and racial pride for African Americans; developed ideas of black nationalism; established an organization for black separatism, economic self sufficiency, and a back-to-Africa movement; his sale of stock in the Black Star Steamship line led to federal charges of fraud; he was tried, convicted, jailed and deported to Jamaica; inspiration for the nation of Islam
  32. The Jazz Age
    WC Handy: Father of Blues. This was the period after the end of World War I, through the Roaring Twenties, ending with the onset of the Great Depression. Traditional values of the previous period declined while the American stock market soared. The age takes its name from jazz music, which saw a tremendous surge in popularity. Among the prominent concerns and trends of the period are the public embrace of technological developments typically seen as progress — cars, air travel and the telephone - as well as new modernist trends in social behavior, the arts, and culture. Central developments included Art Deco design and architecture.
  33. Blacks in Poverty
    Mostly in the South through sharecropping which brought back slavery by making it impossible for black to escape debt and farming.
  34. Margaret Sanger
    American leader of the movement to legalize birth control during the early 1900's. As a nurse in the poor sections of New York City, she had seen the suffering caused by unwanted pregnancy. Founded the first birth control clinic in the U.S. and the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood.
  35. National Women's Party
    Founded by Alice Paul to promote the vote.
  36. Sigmund Freud
    Viennese physician that argued that sexual repression was responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional ills; pleasure and health demanded sexual gratification and liberation.
  37. Changes in Womens Lives
    Changes in dress, behavior, shorter skirts, shorter hair, smoking, & even working.
  38. Cultural Liberation in Literature
    Writers begin to write about new themes of disillusionment, loss of patritisiom, personal struggles to reconcile life before and after the war, personal failures in war.
  39. Champion of skyscrapers
  40. Harlem Renaissnace
    Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong. Poets Hughes and Zara Neele.
  41. "Hoovervilles"
    Term used to describe makeshift shacks that housed groups of homeless people. Used in open areas near cities during the Depression. Named after Herbert Hoover to mock his Presidency.
  42. Great Migration
    movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
  43. Election on 1920
    • Good: Hughes, Melon, Hoover
    • Bad: Fall,Daughtery
  44. Supreme Court Legislation
    Shoots down child labor laws.
  45. Merchant Marine Act
    Dipsose of 1500 war ships- not very succesful.
  46. Labor Unions
    Membership falls 30%.
  47. Veterans Bureau
    To provide hospitals and rehibilation to veterans.
  48. Adjusted Compensation Act
    Promiese bonues to veterans in 20 years. ($3.5 billion)
  49. International Issues
    July 1921- Congress "officaly" ends WWI.
  50. Disarmenet Conference
    Ten year holiday on construction of ships.
  51. Five Power Treaty
    5-3-5 Ration america, japan, britian
  52. Fordney-Mccumber Tariff
  53. Charles R. Forbes
    Embezzled $200 million through the Veterans Hospital Building Projects.
  54. Attorney General Daughtery
    Sold pardon and liqur permits illegally.
  55. Coolidge
    Thrift, honesty, & Industry. Laisse-faire economics.
  56. Frustrated Farmers
    They cannot sell overseas. Overproduction & debt.
  57. Copper Volstead Act
    Exempted farmer co-ops from antitrust.
  58. Election of 1924
    • *Coolidge; Democrat
    • John W. Davis; Repub.
    • Lafollete; I
  59. US Isolationism
    Senate refused to be in the Leauge of Nations. Coolidge wanted to enforce naval dissarment.
  60. Latin American Acts
    Haiti, Nicarague, Dominican repub., & Mexico.
  61. Debt Issues
    Loaned $16 billion during war and $10 billion after war.
  62. Election of 1928
    • *Herbert Hoover
    • Alfred Smith
  63. Hoover
    Head of food admin., brilliant business man, "rugged indviualism", and isolationism.
  64. Smith
    Catholic & anti-prohibition
  65. Federal Farm Board
    Funded, buying, selling, and storing of surplus food.
  66. Great Depression
    4 million people are jobless, 5000 banks close in first three years. Most people lose 90% of their wealth.
  67. Americans not prepared to respond
    Private and local relief programs were overwhelemed.
  68. Hoover relief
    Gave aid to business rather then people.
  69. Public Works
    $2.25 billion
  70. Norris La Guardi Anti-Injuction Act
    Outlawed contracts and mades strikes, boycotts, & pickets legal.
  71. Critism of Hoover
  72. Japan and Manchuria
    Japan violates Leauge of Nations by overrunning Machuria.
  73. Stimson Doctrine
    We will not recogonize any land acquistions made.
  74. Effect of Japan in Manchuria
    Collective world security fades.
  75. Nine Power Treaty
    This was the agreement signed in 1922 by Britain, France, Italy, Japan, the United States, China, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Belgium to recognize China and affirm the Open Door policy.
  76. Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    Oil Scandal involing Fall.
  77. Red Scare
    A time in America where the fear of communist taking over was strong.The “Red Scare” of 1919-20 resulted in Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer (“Fighting Quaker”) using a series of raids to round up and arrest about 6,000 suspected Communists.
  78. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti
    Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted of murdering a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; they were Italians, atheists, anarchists, draft dodgers and the courts may have been prejudiced against them
  79. Volstead Act
    Volstead Act the enabling legislation for the Eighteenth Amendment which established prohibition in the United States
  80. Scopes Trial
    John T. Scopes, a high school teacher of Dayton, Tennessee, was charged with teaching evolution; the trial was inconclusive but illustrated the rift between the new and the old (creationists and evolutionists)
  81. Ford Model T
    Model T the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American
  82. Guglielmo Marconi
    Invented the radio.
  83. The Jazz Singer
    First talking movie.
  84. Women's Dynamic Decade - Sanger
    Sanger feminist who lead birth control movement
  85. The Lost Generation Writers
    Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby wrote of the poor mortality of the upper class. Hemmingway The Old Man and the Sea wrote of the male feelings of inadequacy.
  86. Bull Market
    Stock market with high buying and selling.
  87. Laissez-faire Economics
    Government leaves economics alone. Adam Smith
  88. Kellogg Brand Act
    Anti war pledge led by frank B. Kellogg. Sixty-two nations ratify.
  89. Teapot Dome Scandal
    Albert B. Fall oil scandal where he recieved $400,000 in bribes.
  90. McNary-Haugen Bill
    Farm proposal of the 1920s, passed by Congress but vetoed by president Coolidge, that provided for the federal government to buy farm surpluses and sell them abroad
  91. Dawes Plan
    Set up a new payment arrangment with Germany.
  92. Hawley Smoot Tariff
    Raised tariffs to an unprecedented level and worsened the depression by raising prices and discouraging foreign trade.(60%)
  93. Black Tuesday
    October 29, 1929 crash of the stock market.
  94. Causes of the Great Depression
    Overproduction of farm and factory, over expansion of credit, technological unemployment, economic chaos abroad, & drought.
  95. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    This agency became a government lending bank. It was designed to provide indirect relief by assisting insurance companies, banks, agricultural organizations, and railroads.
  96. Bonus Army Demands
    "Bonus Army" (BEF) (1932) Name given to the mass of struggling WWI vets who, in the face of hard economic times, wanted to collect their pay checks early.
  97. Government Reaction to Bonus Army
    US Army sent to clear them out.
  98. Good Neighbor Policy
    FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations with Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region.
Card Set
Chapter 31-32 Test APUSH
Chapter 31-32 APUSH