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Problem of other minds
the fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others
the issue of how the mind is related to the brain and body
4 basic properties of consciousness
- 1) consciousness has intentionality - being directed towards an object
- 2) Consciousness has unity- or resistance to division.
- 3) Consciousness has selectivity - the capacity to include some objects but not others.
- 4)Consciousnesses has transience - or the tendency to change
the rebound effect of thought
The tendency of a thought to return to consciousness with greater frequency following suppression
Thought suppression - the conscious avoidance of a thought
The act of trying to suppress a thought may itself cause that thought to return to consciousness in a robust way
ironic processes of mental control
Mental processes that can produce ironic errors because monitoring for errors can itself produce them
ie: self fulling prophesy
Freudian concept of repression
a mental process that removes unacceptable thoughts and memories from consciousness
Freudian concept of unconsciousness
an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces
modern views on cognitive unconsciousness
Cognitive Unconscious: all mental processes that are not experience by a person but that give rise to the person's thoughts, choices, emotions, and behavior.
it is seen as a factory that builds the products of conscious thought and behavior
a stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements and a high level of brain activity
associated with dreaming
normal sleep cycle
- awake, drowsy, stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4, stage 3, stage 2, stage 1, Rem....
- it takes 90 minutes to reach stage 4, and 2 1/2 hours to reach rem.
difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
a disorder in which the person stops breathing for brief periods while asleep
somnambulism (sleep walking)
occurs when the person arises and walks around while asleep
a disorder in which sudden sleep attacks occur in the middle of waking activites
the practice of intentional contemplation
during meditation, the brain has low levels of activation in the parietal lobe... (ie relaxation)