Archaic Aristocrats (pre-Persian Wars)

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    Marble statue of Kroisos, from Anavyssos, Attica, c.530 BC (Athens)

    • Kouroi
    • The symbols of a city’s elite – and it was
    • an elitist society!
    • Kouroi were ideologically proportioned, symbolic
    • Youth, beauty, confidence, autonomy, happiness

    • Grave-markers/votive offerings
    • Model representatives – emphasises his public aspect, his role in society

    • Kroisos kouros – he fought in the foremost ranks
    • Gilded youth
    • It took Ares himself to kill him
    • Named after a very wealthy Lydian monarch

    Fancy tombs and grave-markers were outlawed as the cities moved towards democracy – suspicion of elite assertion, which placed the individual above the collective. Kouroi declined after 508. Simple dress also adopted, and simple homes, for the same reason.

    • Kouros type - why be like everyone else? This must be an ideal. Muscled, rich, eternally young.
    • kouroi replaced bronze tripods - they would be a reminder of the donor.
    • Fully frontal
    • Marble
    • Arms to one side, slightly flexed, hands gripping invisible object
    • One leg forward. Both legs bear weight. 
    • Almond eyes
    • Archaic smile
    • Face brought to life - nobleman par excellence - marble is expensive! You chose sculptor and quarry. Finished and painted in situe - in brown. Noblemen were wrestling or hunting outdoors so they were tanned.
    • Naked. Muscles visible for nobleman reasons. 
    • Rich, but also courageous -ccan carry all armour and weapons. 

    • ‘Stay and mourn at the monument of Kroisos whom fierce Ares destroyed, fighting in the front ranks’
    • Grave monument
    • He fought for his city! V. important. 

    • καλος ἀγαθος 
    • Wants to be attractive.
    • Long, layered, beaded hair/wig. Time-consuming! Another sign of riches. Thought to be adopted from the East.
    • Young. Beardless. Greeks did not shave so beardless = young.
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    • Marble funerary stele of Aristion, signed as ‘work of Aristokles, c. 510 BC (Athens).
    • Then a drawing
    • And a coloured reconstruction
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    • Acropolis 682.
    • Marble kore statue from Athenian Acropolis,
    • c.500 BC (Acropolis Museum, Athens

    • Pre-Persian Wars
    • She has very elaborate hairstyle
    • Jewellery (large earrings)
    • Revealing, draped garment
    • The female equivalent of a kouros - compare Κροισος kouros.
    • Akropolis very important sanctuaries there
    • Safe
    • Good gift for a goddess - another servant
    • There is only one kore we know donated by a woman
    • The approach to the temple would have been a forest of dedications

    • Face is observant
    • Archaic noblewoman
    • Stands on both legs
    • One arm down, one arm probably holding an offering
    • Almond eyes
    • Smile
    • Women are draped - best way to show wealth = clothes and jewellery
    • Very pleated mantle
    • Earrings, gold hair bands
    • Drapery painted, face NOT.
    • White skin is very desirable
    • Time-consuming hairstyle
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    • Young men at musical performance.
    • RF Amphora by Andokides. c.520
    • Aristocrats
    • Central figure on khitara
    • Wealthy garments, richly patterned - So Greeks and Persians desired to portray rich fabrics just the same! 
    • Competition very important to Greeks - you’d play/sing to outdo your peers.
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    • Statue of rider in tight, patterned trousers,
    • c 525-500  (Athens, Acropolis)

    • Brightly painted
    • Long trousers
    • Boots
    • This is Eastern costume of Persians/Scythians
    • Is this a Persian dedication? If so, why?

    During the archaic period, statues of horsemen were a significant class of dedications made in the sanctuary of Athena. The reasons for making these dedications are not known. Perhaps they were offerings made by knights, i.e. the second highest class in Athenian society during the archaic period.
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Archaic Aristocrats (pre-Persian Wars)